A Phase I/IIa Safety & Immunogenicity of AERAS-456 in HIV-Negative Adults With & Without Latent Tuberculosis Infection (C-035-456)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2014 by Aeras
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Statens Serum Institut
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aeras
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01865487
First received: May 21, 2013
Last updated: March 19, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

This is a Phase I/IIa, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose- and regimen-finding study in healthy adults with and without LTBI, who are BCG-vaccinated, HIV negative, and have no history or evidence of TB disease. The investigational product is AERAS-456 at 3 dose levels: 5, 15, and 50ug of H56 antigen with 500 nmol IC31. The vaccine is administered by IM injection.


Condition Intervention Phase
Latent Tuberculosis Bacteriology and Histology Unknown
Latent Tuberculosis
Biological: AERAS-456
Biological: Placebo
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I/IIa Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Dose-Finding Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of AERAS-456 in HIV-Negative Adults With and Without Latent Tuberculosis Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Aeras:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety of AERAS-456 administered in HIV-negative, BCG-vaccinated adults with or without LTBI and no history of TB disease. [ Time Frame: Subjects will be followed for up to 10 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Serious Adverse Events (SAE) will be collected on subjects throughout their participation in the study. Solicited and unsolicited adverse events are captured 28 days post each vaccination. Evaluation of the safety profile of AERAS-456 will be performed using data from all subjects who received at least one dose, and will be summarized by cohort and treatment group. The number (percentage) of subjects with any adverse event (including solicited, unsolicited, and serious adverse events) will be summarized by Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) system organ class and Preferred Term. Additional summaries will present the number (percentage) of subjects with any adverse events by severity and by relationship to study vaccine; parameters evaluable by the Aeras 456 Toxicity Table per US FDA guidance provided in the protocol, will be summarized by severity corresponding to Toxicity Grade, as appropriate.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Immunogenicity of AERAS-456 administered in HIV-negative, BCG-vaccinated adults with or without LTBI and no history of TB disease. [ Time Frame: Subjects will have immunogencitiy assessments for up to 10 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    T-cell response, as measured by Intracellular Cytokine Staining (ICS) and ELISpot.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Select an appropriate dose regimen for AERAS-456 administered in HIV-negative, BCG-vaccinated adults with or without LTBI and no history of TB disease. [ Time Frame: The safety and immunogenicity data from these Cohorts will be evaluated after day 292. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Safety and immunogenicity analyses will be reviewed for the selection of the appropriate dose regimen

  • Kinetics of QFT responses following AERAS-456 vaccination in HIV-negative, BCG-vaccinated adults without LTBI and no history or evidence of TB disease. [ Time Frame: Subjects will have QFT samples taken up to day 210. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Determine the degree to which AERAS-456 vaccination influences QFT response.


Estimated Enrollment: 98
Study Start Date: August 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Dose Finding AERAS-456 / IC31or Placebo
QFT Negative 2 Doses
Biological: AERAS-456
H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
Other Name: H56
Biological: Placebo
0.8 mL sterile buffer consisting of 10mM Tris and 169mM NaCl at pH 7.4
Experimental: 3 Dose TBD AERAS-456/IC31 or Placebo
QFT Negative Dose level to be determined based on results of Arm 1
Biological: AERAS-456
H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
Other Name: H56
Biological: Placebo
0.8 mL sterile buffer consisting of 10mM Tris and 169mM NaCl at pH 7.4
Experimental: 2 Dose TBD AERAS-456 / IC31 or Placebo
QFT Positive 2 Doses Dose level to be determined based on results of Arm 1
Biological: AERAS-456
H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
Other Name: H56
Biological: Placebo
0.8 mL sterile buffer consisting of 10mM Tris and 169mM NaCl at pH 7.4
Experimental: 3 Doses TBD AERAS-456 / IC31 or Placebo
QFT Positive 3 Doses Dose level to be determined based on results of Arm 1
Biological: AERAS-456
H56:IC31 (designated as AERAS-456 for Aeras-sponsored clinical development) contains a fusion protein (referred to as H56 antigen, or H56) of 3 mycobacterial antigens (the early secreted antigens Ag85B and ESAT-6, and the latency antigen Rv2660c) formulated in the Th1-stimulating IC31 adjuvant.
Other Name: H56
Biological: Placebo
0.8 mL sterile buffer consisting of 10mM Tris and 169mM NaCl at pH 7.4

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase I/IIa, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose- and regimen-finding study in healthy adults with and without latent Tuberculosis (TB) Infection, who are BCG-vaccinated, HIV negative, and have no history or evidence of TB disease. The investigational product is AERAS-456 at 3 dose levels: 5, 15, and 50ug of H56 antigen with 500 nmol IC31. The vaccine is administered by IM injection. The study will be conducted at two sites in South Africa.

A total of 98 subjects will be enrolled in 2 phases into 4 groups based on LTBI status. The initial phase will be a dose ranging study of a 2-dose regimen at 3 dosage levels in LTBI(-) subjects, to select a dosage for the second phase. In the second phase, the study will be expanded to evaluate both 2-dose and 3-dose regimens and to include LTBI(+) subjects. In the first phase, 50 LTBI(-) subjects will be enrolled in Group 1 and randomized at a ratio of 3:3:3:1 to receive 2 doses of 5/500, 15/500, or 50/500 of AERAS-456, or placebo given at Study Days 0 and 56 (Table 0 1).

One dose level of AERAS-456 will be selected by the sponsor and SSI for the second phase of the study, based on analysis of unblinded safety and immunogenicity data through 28 days after the second dose in the first phase, in conjunction with safety and immunogenicity data from study C-032-456. The criteria for dose-selection will be specified in a statistical analysis plan to be finalized prior to the unblinded review. The selected dose, in conjunction with the unblinded safety and immunogenicity data, will be submitted to the SMC for review. In the second phase, 48 subjects will be enrolled concurrently into Group 2 (LTBI[-]) and into Groups 3 and 4 (LTBI[+], Table 0 2). In each of Groups 2 and 4, 16 subjects will be randomized at a ratio of 3:1 to receive 3 doses of AERAS-456 or placebo given at Study Days 0, 56, and 112. In Group 3, 16 subjects will be randomized at a ratio of 3:1 to receive 2 doses of AERAS-456 or placebo given at Study Days 0 and 56.

All subjects will stay on the study for 292 days after receiving the first vaccination. The subjects in Groups 1 and 3 will be followed up for 236 days after the second vaccination and subjects in Groups 2 and 4 will be followed up for 180 days after the third vaccination. The sample size for each study cohort was selected because it was judged to be adequate for preliminary safety and immunogenicity evaluations for a Phase I/IIa study rather than for statistical reasons. Given 12 and 15 subjects in individual AERAS-456 dosing groups, the study will have an 80% probability of detecting at least 1 specified event which occurs at a rate of 12.5% and 10.0%, respectively. If no such events are observed among 12 and 15 subjects receiving active study vaccine, an approximation to the upper one-sided 95% confidence bound on the rate of occurrence for that event would be 22% and 18%, respectively.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet all of the following criteria prior to Study Day 0 vaccination:

  1. Has completed the written informed consent process prior to the start of screening evaluations.
  2. Is male or female.
  3. Is age 18 through 50 years at the time of randomization.
  4. Received BCG vaccination at least 5 years prior to randomization.
  5. Females: Ability to avoid pregnancy during the trial: Women physically capable of pregnancy (not sterilized and still menstruating or within 1 year of the last menses if menopausal) in sexual relationships with men must avoid pregnancy with an acceptable method of avoiding pregnancy from 28 days prior to administration of the study vaccine through the end of the study.
  6. Has general good health, confirmed by medical history and physical examination at screening.
  7. Is able and willing to complete the full follow-up period of 292 days as required by the protocol.
  8. Agrees to avoid elective surgery for the full duration of the study.
  9. [Groups 1 and 2] Does not have LTBI, determined by a negative QFT at screening or[Groups 3 and 4] Has LTBI, determined by a positive QFT at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet none of the following criteria prior to Study Day 0 vaccination:

  1. Acute illness at the time of randomization.
  2. Oral temperature 37.5 degrees C at the time of randomization.
  3. Abnormal laboratory values from blood collected within 21 days prior to Study Day 0 vaccination.
  4. Abnormal urinalysis that, in the opinion of the investigator, indicates systemic or local disease.
  5. History or evidence of tuberculosis disease, including but not limited to pulmonary tuberculosis, pleural tuberculosis, lymph node tuberculosis or tuberculosis meningitis.
  6. Received a TST within 21 days prior to a scheduled study vaccination.
  7. Received investigational Mtb vaccine at any time prior to Study Day 0.
  8. History or evidence of autoimmune disease.
  9. History or laboratory evidence of HIV-1 infection at screening.
  10. Positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibody at screening.
  11. Used immunosuppressive medication (other than inhaled or topical immunosuppressants) within 21 days prior to Study Day 0.
  12. Received immunoglobulin or blood products within 21 days prior to Study Day 0.
  13. Received any investigational product within 21 days prior to Study Day 0, or plans to participate in any other study involving administration of investigational product during the study period.
  14. Inability to discontinue current chronic prescription medications, except contraceptives, inhaled or topical immunosuppressants, or nutritional supplements, during the study period.
  15. Documented history of allergic reaction or hypersensitivity to any component of the study vaccine.
  16. All female subjects: currently pregnant or lactating/nursing; or positive serum pregnancy test during screening; or positive urine pregnancy test on the day of any study vaccination.
  17. History or evidence of any systemic disease or any acute or chronic illness that, in the opinion of the investigator, may compromise the safety of the subject in the study or interfere with the evaluation of the safety or immunogenicity of the vaccine.
  18. History of dermatologic disease or skin features that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the assessment of injection site reactions.
  19. History or evidence of any medical, psychiatric, occupational, or substance abuse problems that, in the opinion of the investigator, will make it unlikely that the subject will comply with the protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01865487

Contacts
Contact: Zhongkai Shi, MD 301-547-2850 ZShi@aeras.org
Contact: Gavin Robertson, M.Ed +27214424984 grobertson@aeras.org

Locations
South Africa
eKhayavac TB Vaccine Trial Not yet recruiting
Khayelitsha, Cape Town, South Africa, 7784
Contact: Robert Wilkinson    27 021 406 6084    Robert.Wilkinson@uct.ac.za   
Principal Investigator: Robert Wilkinson         
SATVI Project Office, Brewelskloof Hospital Recruiting
Worcester, South Africa, 6850
Contact: Angelique Luabeya, MD    27 023 346 5400    angelique.luabeya@uct.ac.za   
Principal Investigator: Angelique Luabeya, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aeras
Statens Serum Institut
Investigators
Study Director: Zhongkai Shi, MD Aeras
Principal Investigator: Angelique Luabeya, MD University of Cape Town South African Tuberculosis Vaccine Initiative
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Aeras
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01865487     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C-035-456
Study First Received: May 21, 2013
Last Updated: March 19, 2014
Health Authority: South Africa: Medicines Control Council

Keywords provided by Aeras:
BCG Vaccinated
HIV Negative

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tuberculosis
Latent Tuberculosis
Mycobacterium Infections
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014