Rituximab and Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Lenalidomide in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Stage II-IV Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified January 2014 by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01856192
First received: May 14, 2013
Last updated: April 7, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

This randomized phase II trial studies how well rituximab and combination chemotherapy with or without lenalidomide works in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage II-IV diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Lenalidomide may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. It is not yet known whether rituximab and combination chemotherapy are more effective when given with or without lenalidomide in treating patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage III Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Drug: lenalidomide
Biological: rituximab
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Drug: prednisone
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Phase II Open Label Study of Lenalidomide R-CHOP (R2CHOP) vs RCHOP (Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine and Prednisone) in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • PFS [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to the earliest of documented disease progression, new primaries of the same type or death without progression, assessed up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The primary analysis of PFS will be performed including all randomized eligible patients using a one-sided log-rank test stratified on IPI (2-3 vs. 4-5), age (< 60 years vs >= 60 years) and molecular subtype (germinal center B-cell type [GCB] vs. activated B-cell type [ABC]). Cox proportional hazards models will be used to assess possible effects of baseline clinical and biological characteristics on outcome, including age, gender, disease stage, and IPI. Treatment and covariate interactions will also be examined.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall RR based on PET-CT scan [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The comparison of RR between two arms will be performed with Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel (CMH) test, stratified on IPI (2-3 vs 4-5), age (< 60 yrs vs >= 60 yrs) and molecular subtype (GCB vs. ABC). Exploratory logistic regression will be used to assess possible effects of baseline clinical and biological characteristics on outcome, including age, gender, disease stage, and IPI. Treatment and covariate interactions will also be examined.

  • CR rate based on PET-CT scan [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The comparison of CR between two arms will be performed with CMH test, stratified on IPI (2-3 vs 4-5), age (< 60 yrs vs >= 60 yrs) and molecular subtype (GCB vs. ABC). Exploratory logistic regression will be used to assess possible effects of baseline clinical and biological characteristics on outcome, including age, gender, disease stage, and IPI. Treatment and covariate interactions will also be examined.

  • OS [ Time Frame: Time from randomization until death due to any cause, assessed up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The method of Kaplan and Meier will be used to estimate OS, and stratified log-rank test will be used to compare OS between two arms.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Impact of DLBCL molecular subtype on outcome [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Relation between interim PET scan and study outcome [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: August 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm A (rituximab, combination chemotherapy, lenalidomide)
Patients receive rituximab IV, cyclophosphamide IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and vincristine sulfate IV on day 1, prednisone PO on days 1-5, and lenalidomide PO on days 1-10. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • IMiD-1
  • Revlimid
Biological: rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 monoclonal antibody
  • Mabthera
  • MOAB IDEC-C2B8
  • Rituxan
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • leurocristine sulfate
  • VCR
  • Vincasar PFS
Drug: prednisone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • DeCortin
  • Deltra
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • FDG-PET
  • PET
  • PET scan
  • tomography, emission computed
Active Comparator: Arm B (rituximab, combination chemotherapy)
Patients receive rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone as in Arm A. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 monoclonal antibody
  • Mabthera
  • MOAB IDEC-C2B8
  • Rituxan
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADM
  • ADR
  • Adria
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • leurocristine sulfate
  • VCR
  • Vincasar PFS
Drug: prednisone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • DeCortin
  • Deltra
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • FDG-PET
  • PET
  • PET scan
  • tomography, emission computed

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Progression-free survival (PFS).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Response rate (RR). II. Complete remission (CR) rate as defined by positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) criteria.

III. Overall survival (OS).

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Impact of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) molecular subtype on outcome.

II. Interim PET scan results in relation to treatment outcome.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM A: Patients receive rituximab intravenously (IV), cyclophosphamide IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, and vincristine sulfate IV on day 1, prednisone orally (PO) on days 1-5, and lenalidomide PO on days 1-10. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients receive rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, and prednisone as in Arm A. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patient are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 1 year and then annually for up to 7 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed DLBCL expressing cluster of differentiation (CD)20 antigen (Journal of Clinical Oncology [J Clin Oncol] 17[4]:1244-53, 1999); patients with known primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBCL) are excluded; similarly, patients with known v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (avian) (c-myc) translocation (by fluorescence in situ hybridization) positive DLBCL are encouraged to participate in trials specifically designed for these patients; however patients with known c-myc positive are NOT excluded from this study; c-myc testing prior to study enrollment is NOT required
  • Stages II bulky disease (defined as mass size of more than 10 cm), stage III, or IV (Ann Arbor Staging); patients with stage I and stage II non-bulky disease are excluded from this study
  • A tumor tissue specimen from the initial diagnostic biopsy has been located and ready to ship to the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Pathology Coordinating Office within 30 days following registration; patients must have paraffin-embedded tumor specimen available for central pathology review and defined laboratory research studies; archived formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tumor tissue block is required; if the block is unavailable for submission, please submit the below alternative requirements:

    • One (1) hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) slide, and
    • Twenty (20) 4 um unstained air-dried plus slides, and
    • One (1) or more core punches (minimum of 4 mm diameter)
  • International Prognostic Index (IPI) of 2 or greater
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Patients must have measurable disease (at least 1 lesion of >= 1.5 cm in one diameter) as detected by CT or the CT images of the PET/CT
  • Previously untreated and not receiving any other agent that would be considered as a treatment for the lymphoma
  • No known central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma or cerebrospinal fluid involvement with malignant lymphoma cells; these patients are usually treated with CNS directed therapy; screening for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)/CNS involvement is NOT required but can be performed per treating medical doctor (MD) discretion
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500
  • Platelets (PLT) >= 100,000
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, the direct bilirubin must be normal
  • Alkaline (Alk.) phosphatase =< 3 x ULN unless evidence of the direct liver involvement by lymphoma--then =< 5 x ULN
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN unless evidence of the direct liver involvement by lymphoma-then =< 5 x ULN
  • Creatinine =< 2 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) > 30 ml/min
  • Ejection fraction of >= 45% by either multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO)
  • Absence of co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens, including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Absence of history of myocardial infarction =< 6 months, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
  • Absence of history of deep venous thrombosis/embolism, threatening thromboembolism or known thrombophilia; patients with history of deep vein thrombosis/embolism/thrombophilia may participate if they are on full anticoagulation during the treatment (warfarin or low molecular weight heparin at therapeutic doses)
  • Patient must be able and willing to receive anticoagulation therapy with aspirin 325 mg daily prophylaxis, low molecular weight heparin, or warfarin; patients unable or unwilling to take any prophylaxis are NOT eligible
  • Absence of history of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related conditions (other than the presenting DLBCL) or posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) in immunocompromised patients; patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on antiretroviral therapy other than zidovudine (AZT) and/or stavudine and without prior AIDS defining conditions and adequate CD4 count (> 400) are eligible
  • No another active malignancy requiring therapy such as radiation, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy; exceptions to this are as follows: localized nonmelanotic skin cancer and any cancer that in the judgment of the investigator has been treated with curative intent and will not interfere with the study treatment plan and response assessment
  • No history of radiation therapy to >= 25% of the bone marrow for other diseases or history of anthracycline therapy
  • Patients must not be receiving erythroid stimulating agents (erythropoietin [EPO]: Procrit, Aranesp)
  • Patient must be willing to provide informed written consent and to return to enrolling institution for follow-up
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy; all patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01856192

  Show 177 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Grzegorz Nowakowski Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01856192     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2013-00959, NCI-2013-00959, ECOG-E1412, E1412, E1412, U10CA021115
Study First Received: May 14, 2013
Last Updated: April 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Cyclophosphamide
Rituximab
Thalidomide
Lenalidomide
Doxorubicin
Prednisone
Vincristine
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 22, 2014