Treadmill Pilot Trial
Rationale: PTA & stenting in iliofemoral and iliocaval venous obstruction has been proven to be an effective method of treatment with good clinical results. However, no proper investigations have been made to objectify the reduction in (ambulatory) venous hypertension caused by this type of obstruction. Normal ambulatory venous pressure is below 20mmHg, though studies have already shown a linear relationship between the incidence of ulcers and an ambulatory intravenous pressure of more than 30mmHg. We believe that by measuring the (ambulatory) venous pressure before and after stenting, we will gain more knowledge on the hemodynamics of venous disease and its treatment and we will obtain information that might identify patients at risk of stent occlusion or the forming of an ulcer in an early stage. Identifying these patients will most certainly influence preventive treatment in the future.
Objective: To map the changes in intravenous pressure after PTA & stenting of iliofemoral and iliocaval venous obstruction.
Study design: Prospective, observational study where patients are their own controls by making use of the waiting time for stenting with an extra test day (crossover study design).
Study population: Patients with an iliofemoral or iliocaval venous obstruction, objectified on duplex ultrasonography and magnetic resonance venography, and the indication for stenting of the obstructed tract(s).
Intervention: All patients will undergo stenting of the obstructed venous tract. Patients receive the same therapy as they would have received not participating in this study; therefore this study has no influence on the treatment patients receive.
Main study parameters/endpoints: Primary outcome is the change in (ambulatory) venous pressure after stenting for deep venous obstructive disease. Other important endpoints are the absolute values for intravenous pressure, pain free walking distance and maximum walking distance. Additional outcome measurements are stent patency, CEAP score, Villalta score, venous clinical severity score, and generic and disease specific quality of life scores. Finally, transverse surface area, diameter, circumference and flow of the common femoral vein just above the saphenofemoral junction will be measured.
Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Patients have to make three visits. Each visit will take approximately two hours. During each test day, patients will undergo intravenous pressure measurements in both dorsal foot veins, both common femoral veins and a vein in the left upper arm, which are measured via a venflon needle or microsheath (placed under ultrasound guidance) connected to a pressure transducer; a treadmill test lasting maximally 26 minutes; an air plethysmography, which they need to undergo anyway; and a duplex ultrasound to assess the common femoral vein. This is a very low risk study, since all diagnostic tools that are used or also used in usual clinical practice and given the low risk on mild complications. Patients can experience pain due to the insertion and removal of the venflons/microsheaths, due to compression of the groin after removal of the microsheaths and due to walking on a treadmill (because of venous claudication).
Deep Venous Obstruction Lower Limb
Procedure: PTA & stenting
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Crossover
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Effect of PTA & Stenting on Intravenous Pressure in Deep Venous Obstructive Disease Before, After and During Ambulation on a Treadmill - Pilot Study.|
- change in (ambulatory) venous pressure [ Time Frame: 0 months, 3months, 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]measured at the dorsal foot vein and common femoral vein
|Study Start Date:||July 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Venous outflow obstruction lower limb||Procedure: PTA & stenting|
|Maastricht University Medical Centre||Not yet recruiting|
|Maastricht, Netherlands, 6202AZ|
|Contact: RLM Kurstjens, MD +31433881558 firstname.lastname@example.org|