Effect of Managing Problematic Eating Behaviours With Dietary Management on Chronic Disease Self-management
Dietary management is an integral aspect of self care for many chronic diseases. Craving Change™ is a standard program already offered at many Family Health Teams (FHT) to patients interested in being more mindful of their food choices. The program helps patients understand why they have difficulty with modifying behaviours associated with diet, addresses the impact of emotion on eating behaviour and provides affect regulation strategies. Existing literature shows that emotion has a strong effect on food choice and that emotion regulation can lead to improvements in food choice. Craving Change™, however, is currently not selectively offered at FHTs to patients deemed to be at higher risk of cardiovascular disease and has not been evaluated in that context. For this study, we propose to 1) Selectively target patients at higher cardiometabolic risk; and 2) Evaluate an effect of the program (as modified to address chronic diseases) through a pilot Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT). If found to be effective, the modified Craving Change™ program, called "Beyond the Fork: A health-centred approach to managing chronic disease", could be broadly implemented within Family Health Teams.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effect of Craving Change-Plus on Chronic Disease Self-management: a Pilot RCT|
- The change in EEQ (Emotional Eater Questionnaire) score is the primary outcome measure in this study. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To measure the feasibility outcomes of this study [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Feasibility outcomes for this study include:
- What percentage of physicians agreed to participate?
- Were we able to identify patients meeting the study criteria?
- How many participants agreed to participate in the study? (Will also document patients that were excluded by physician)
- How many participants actually attended the sessions?
- How many participants completed the sessions and all questionnaires?
- Was there a sufficient change in the outcome of interest (EEQ) to enable sample size planning for a larger RCT?
|Study Start Date:||March 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Lifestyle counseling
Craving change group intervention for dietary counseling, 6 group sessions
Behavioral: Lifestyle counseling
Six week program to address problematic eating
Other Name: Craving change program
Placebo Comparator: Wait list control
wait list, offered craving change program at end of study
This study is specifically focusing on Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 and Hypertension as these are chronic conditions in which dietary management is not only an integral part of managing the condition, but can also be a major factor in poor outcomes. Many of the current approaches and interventions used for treating these conditions provide patients with information about "what" eating behaviours to change and "how" to change them, such as through DEP (Diabetes Education Program) and CDSM (Chronic Disease Self-Management, aka Stanford).
The new intervention proposed in this study will be primarily based on the Craving Change™ program; the focus of which is to provide patients with an understanding of "why" it is difficult to change problematic eating behaviours. The new information that will be added is specific to chronic disease management. The original Craving Change™ program provides patients with information about how the environment, the physical body and emotional reactions can contribute to problematic eating behaviours thus increasing difficulty in changing those behaviours. The Craving Change™ program also provides patients with tools for overcoming the identified obstacles from the environment, physical body and emotional reactions in order to facilitate behaviour change. Patients who have a diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 and/or Hypertension and who are poorly controlled, are often required to make dietary changes to improve those conditions and often struggle to make the necessary dietary behaviour changes. By providing these patients with a behavioural intervention that uses the main components of the Craving Change™ program along with additional information specific to chronic disease management, the overall aim is to help patients improve control over the chronic condition with which they have been diagnosed.
As this is a feasibility study, the main goal is to determine if patients who are diagnosed with chronic disease(s) can be recruited successfully, stay in the program and experience a change in their perceptions of eating behaviours as a result of learning various strategies offered in the program. Specifically, this study is focusing on whether the strategies learned improve emotion regulation, which in turn could facilitate behaviour change. If the feasibility study is successful, the program can be evaluated in future studies to determine its effectiveness on more outcome measures.
Research question in this study: In a high risk population, does the "Beyond the Fork: A health-centered approach to managing chronic disease" program lead to decreased emotional reactivity in food choices when compared to usual care?
The modified Craving Change™ program may fill a treatment gap for those patients diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 or Hypertension who are poorly controlled and who struggle with changing eating habits, by providing these patients with information about "why" they have been struggling to change. If successful, the program could also become an additional part of evidence based treatment for managing chronic diseases.
|Contact: Danuta Southgate, MSW, RSW||416-494-3003 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|North York Family Health Team||Not yet recruiting|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M3B 3S6|
|Contact: Danuta Southgate, MSW, RSW 416-494-3003 ext 130 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Danuta Southgate, MSW, RSW|
|Principal Investigator:||Danuta Southgate, MSW, RSW||North York Family Health Team|