Palliative Care in People Living With HIV/AIDS: Integrating Into Standard of Care (FACE)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified January 2013 by Children's Research Institute
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Georgetown University
George Washington University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maureen Lyon, Children's Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01775436
First received: December 20, 2012
Last updated: September 8, 2014
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

Our goal is to advance palliative care with persons living with AIDS (PLWA) or life-limiting co-morbidities to decrease suffering and increase quality of life (QOL). Left without advance care planning (ACP) for end-of-life decision, miscommunication and disagreements may result in families being charged with neglect or court battles over treatment choices, unmet care or delivery of unnecessary or unwanted care, and non-relative caregivers being dismissed (e.g. gay partners). We hope to increase families' understandings of their family member's wishes for end-of-life care to decrease conflict through the FAmily-CEntered Advance (FACE) Care Planning intervention. We will also study communication, quality of life, and spiritual struggle. Families will be randomized into either the Control (N=96 families) or the FACE Intervention (n=192 dyads). FACE families will meet with a trained/certified researcher for two 60-minute sessions scheduled one week apart: Session 1: The Respecting Choices Interview®; and Session 2: Completion of The Five Wishes©. Control families will also meet with a researcher for two 60-minute sessions scheduled one week apart: Session 1: Developmental History; and Session 2: Nutrition and Exercise. Questionnaires will be administered five times, Baseline and at 3, 6, 12 and 18 month post-intervention, for an average of 2 years.

AIM 1. To determine the efficacy of FACE on congruence in treatment preferences between PLWA and their surrogates over time, and the effect of the pattern of congruence development trajectory on healthcare utilization (i.e., distal outcomes: number of hospitalizations, dialysis, ER visits).

Hypothesis A: Development of congruence may not be homogeneous and FACE may influence the pattern of congruence development.

Hypothesis B: Different patterns of congruence development may have different effects on health care utilization.

Hypothesis C: Compared to Controls, FACE participants will better maintain congruence over time.

AIM 2. To determine the efficacy of FACE on key components of QOL for PLWA. Hypothesis: FACE participants will increase or better maintain psychosocial QOL compared to Controls.

AIM 3. To minimize health disparities in ACP between Blacks and non Blacks and identify factors associated with disparities.

Hypothesis: Blacks in the FACE intervention will complete advance directives at a rate comparable to non Blacks, and at significantly greater rates compared to Controls.


Condition Intervention
HIV
Behavioral: FAmily-CEntered Advance Care Planning
Behavioral: Healthy Living Control

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Palliative Care in People Living With HIV/AIDS: Integrating Into Standard of Care

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Children's Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Statement of Treatment Preferences [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3, 6, 12, 18 month post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured by the Statement of Treatment Preferences. This measure was adapted using experts and community advisory board. It is a tool to express values and goals related to future medical decisions regarding frequently occurring situations specific to HIV/AIDS.Multiple Time Frames are needed as the Primary Outcome measure is going to report a change over time, per Aim 1: "to sustain congruence in treatment preferences between PLWA and their surrogate over time" compared to controls.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Lyon Advance Care Planning Survey (Patient and Surrogate Version) [ Time Frame: at baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A 31-item instrument that assesses palliative care needs of PLWA of Black and non Black PLWA in DC metropolitan area

  • Palliative Care Outcome Scale (POS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 18 month post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This scale is a valid and reliable measure of patient's current health, social and psychological status.We are conducting a longitudinal study and therefore looking at multiple time frames for change in palliative care over time.

  • Medical Outcomes Study-HIV (MOS-HIV) [ Time Frame: Baseline, and 3, 6, 12 and 18 month post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measures HIV specific Health Related Quality of Life; general health perceptions; pain; physical, role, cognitive and social functioning; mental health; energy/fatigue; health distress and quality of life. This is a longitudinal study requiring multiple time frames so we can report change in quality of life over time, related to HIV specific symptoms.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • HIV Dementia Scale [ Time Frame: Screen for eligibility at Baseline, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months post intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rapid screener to identify HIV dementia, which is an exclusion criteria. However, once enrolled in the study we will track changes in status over time, per the longitudinal nature of this study.

  • Psychological Interview [ Time Frame: Baseline to screen to determine eligibility ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Questions to screen for homicidality and psychosis

  • Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) [ Time Frame: Baseline screening to determine if eligible for participation, then at 3, 6, 12 and 18 month post-intervention follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patients or surrogates who present with severe depression or suicidality are excluded from this study. However, once enrolled levels of depressive symptoms will be monitored over the course of this longitudinal study.

  • Medication Adherence Self Report Inventory (MASRI) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3, 6, 12 and 18 month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Validated self-report measure of medication adherence, using the Visual Analogue Scale for estimated adherence in the past month. Measured multiple times as part of this longitudinal study.

  • Brief Multidimensional Measurement of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS-adapted) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3, 6, 12 and 18-month post intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assesses the construct of spiritual functioning, specifically subscales for Forgiveness, Values and Believes will be used for study purposes.

  • Brief Religious Coping Questionnaire (Brief RCOPE) [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3, 6, 12 and 18-month post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assesses positive and negative religious coping methods. Study will use 14-item version.

  • Satisfaction Scale [ Time Frame: Immediately following Session 1 and Session 2, week 2 and week 3 of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Process measure developed in pilot study to assess satisfaction.

  • Longitudinal Satisfaction Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12 and 18 month post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Process measure to assess longitudinal satisfaction with future decision making.

  • Medical Chart Abstraction [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3, 6, 12 and 18 month post intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mode of transmission, Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4) count, viral load, hospitalization, emergency room visit or dialysis since last study visit.

  • Threat Appraisal Scale (TAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 12 and 18 month post-intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Threat Appraisal Scale (TAS)is a questionnaire administered to the adolescent during baseline assessment only. This measure will retrospectively estimate the adolescent's threat appraisal of cancer when adolescent learned of cancer diagnosis. Test-retest reliability for this measure ranges from .68 in younger children to .93 in older children. TAS scores are found to demonstrate a high degree of agreement with children's open-ended descriptions of negative life events, indicating adequate convergent validity of this measure. Theoretically, threat appraisal is related to Lazarus' concept of primary appraisal, particularly to the way in which the event threatens the child's commitments, goals, or values. Higher threat appraisals should lead to negative arousal and coping and to increased psychological symptoms.


Estimated Enrollment: 576
Study Start Date: April 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Healthy Living Control

Two-60 to 90 minute sessions scheduled one week apart.

Session 1: Developmental History: Goal: To take a non-medical developmental history. The Research Assistant (RA)-Control will conduct the session in a structured interview format. Administered with all medical questions removed to prevent any risk of contamination with the experimental condition.

Session 2: Nutrition and Exercise: Assess nutritional status and provide advice for maintaining optimal nutrition to boost immune functioning. Administered by the RA Control and will be videotaped to control for what occurs in the FACE intervention.

Behavioral: FAmily-CEntered Advance Care Planning

Two-60 to 90 minute sessions scheduled one week apart.

Session 1: Respecting Choices Interview (R)to facilitate conversations and shared decision-making between the patient and surrogate about palliative care & prepare the surrogate to be able to fully represent the patient's wishes.

Session 2: Five Wishes (C). Patient selects which person the patient wants to make health care decisions for him/her; the kind of medical treatment the patient wants; how comfortable the patient wants to be; how the patient wants people to treat him/her; what patient wants loved ones to know; and any spiritual or religious concerns the patient may have.

Other Name: FACE
Behavioral: Healthy Living Control

Session 1: Developmental History: Goal: To take a non-medical developmental history. The RA-Control will conduct the session in a structured interview format. Administered with all medical questions removed to prevent any risk of contamination with the experimental condition.

Session 2: Nutrition and Exercise: Assess nutritional status and provide advice for maintaining optimal nutrition to boost immune functioning. Administered by the RA Control and will be videotaped to control for what occurs in the FACE intervention.

Other Name: HLC
Experimental: FAmily-CEntered Advance Care Planning

Two-60 to 90 minute sessions scheduled one week apart.

Session 1: Respecting Choices Interview (R)to facilitate conversations and shared decision-making between the patient and surrogate about palliative care & prepare the surrogate to be able to fully represent the patient's wishes.

Session 2: Five Wishes (C). Patient selects which person the patient wants to make health care decisions for him/her; the kind of medical treatment the patient wants; how comfortable the patient wants to be; how the patient wants people to treat him/her; what patient wants loved ones to know; and any spiritual or religious concerns the patient may have.

Behavioral: FAmily-CEntered Advance Care Planning

Two-60 to 90 minute sessions scheduled one week apart.

Session 1: Respecting Choices Interview (R)to facilitate conversations and shared decision-making between the patient and surrogate about palliative care & prepare the surrogate to be able to fully represent the patient's wishes.

Session 2: Five Wishes (C). Patient selects which person the patient wants to make health care decisions for him/her; the kind of medical treatment the patient wants; how comfortable the patient wants to be; how the patient wants people to treat him/her; what patient wants loved ones to know; and any spiritual or religious concerns the patient may have.

Other Name: FACE
Behavioral: Healthy Living Control

Session 1: Developmental History: Goal: To take a non-medical developmental history. The RA-Control will conduct the session in a structured interview format. Administered with all medical questions removed to prevent any risk of contamination with the experimental condition.

Session 2: Nutrition and Exercise: Assess nutritional status and provide advice for maintaining optimal nutrition to boost immune functioning. Administered by the RA Control and will be videotaped to control for what occurs in the FACE intervention.

Other Name: HLC

Detailed Description:

Our goal is to advance palliative care with persons living with AIDS (PLWA) or life-limiting co-morbidities aimed at relieving suffering and maximizing quality of life. One objective is to identify variables which influence decision-making with respect to advance care planning (ACP) for PLWA, as well as to determine the unique person-centered needs of subgroups of PLWA, as these are unknown. The negative consequences of no ACP or poor ACP include: unmet care or delivery of unnecessary or unwanted care, conflict erupting in the ICU, or the importance of non-relative caregivers being dismissed, for example gay partners. A second objective is to identify a "best approach" for standard of care in ACP, a key component of palliative care, as an end of life support. This approach may minimize health disparities in the likelihood of both identifying a surrogate decision-maker and using advance directives. We propose building on our evidence based, theoretical model, FAmily-CEntered (FACE) Advance Care Planning intervention, an HIV specific ACP program for Black teens which gained acceptance and demonstrated efficacy through increased congruence in treatment preferences and universal complete of advance directives with a surrogate decision-maker. Given the demonstrated needs and benefits of ACP and the low utilization among adult Black PLWA, we propose meeting this need by building on our FACE model with adults living with advanced AIDS and/or life-limiting co-morbidities in Washington, District of Columbia (DC) a city with endemic HIV and significant health disparities in death rates by race in an adequately-powered, randomized, clinical, 2-arm, single-blinded, controlled trial. We will test the efficacy of the FACE intervention for increasing congruence in end-of-life treatment preferences between PLWA and their surrogate decision-maker, to determine if increased congruence can be maintained over time. We will also determine if FACE is acceptable to primarily Black inner city adult PLWA. We will recruit from four hospital-based clinics and randomize 288 patient/surrogate dyads (N=576 subjects) in a 2:1 ratio to either FACE Intervention (N=192 dyads) or Control (N=96 dyads). Participants with HIV dementia, suicidality, homicidality or psychosis will be excluded. Two 60-minuted sessions will be conducted with a trained/certified facilitator at weekly intervals: FACE Session 1: The Respecting Choices Interview (R); Session 2: Completion of The Five Wishes (c). Control will also be administered in a dyadic format: Session 1: Developmental History; Session 2: Nutrition and Exercise. Standardized self-report measures will be administered at baseline, 3 month post-intervention 6 month post-intervention, 12 month post-intervention, and 18 month post-intervention. Thus, participants will be followed for an average of 2 years. This will be the first study to test an ACP model, integrating person-centered (GMM) and variable-centered analysis (GEE) to assess study outcomes.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patient Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV positive outpatients or inpatients with detectable viral load (>200 copies) twice in the past 1 year period OR CD4 count <200 OR with a co-morbidity that may significantly limit life expectancy, including malignancy, cirrhosis, cardiomyopathy, etc.
  • Patients with AIDS receiving dialysis, inpatients or outpatients
  • Patients not in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
  • Age 21 years or older
  • All ethnic groups
  • Male or female
  • Knows his/her HIV status
  • English speaking
  • Absence of active psychosis or homicidal or suicidal ideation, determined at baseline screening by a trained research assistant as assessed by questions from a structured questionnaire
  • Absence of HIV dementia, determined at screening using the HIV Dementia Scale cut off score of <10
  • No evidence of developmental delay
  • Consent from surrogate
  • Consent from persons living with AIDS (PLWA) aged 21 or older

Surrogate Decision-maker inclusion criteria:

  • Selected by patient
  • Age 18 or older
  • Willingness to discuss problems related to HIV and End Of Life (EOL)
  • Absence of active psychosis, homicidal ideation, or suicidal ideation determined at baseline screening by trained RA
  • Absence of HIV dementia, determined at screening using the HIV Dementia Scale cut off score of <10
  • English speaking
  • Consent to participate
  • Knows HIV status of patient

Patient Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients in the ICU
  • Age under 21 years old
  • Patient unaware of HIV status
  • Active psychosis or homicidal or suicidal ideation, determined at baseline screening by a trained research assistant as assessed by questions from a structured questionnaire
  • Presence fo HIV Dementia at baseline
  • Developmental delay
  • Unable to find willing consented surrogate

Surrogate Decision-maker Exclusion Criteria:

  • Surrogate under age of 18 years old
  • Unwilling to discuss problems related to HIV and EOL
  • Active psychosis or homicidal or suicidal ideation, determined at baseline screening by a trained research assistant as assessed by questions from a structured questionnaire
  • Not an English speaker
  • Unwilling to consent to participate and does not know HIV status of patient
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01775436

Locations
United States, District of Columbia
Children's National Medical Center Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
Contact: Maureen E Lyon, PhD    202-476-5442    mlyon@cnmc.org   
Contact: Jichaun Wang, PhD    202-476-2978    jiwang@cnmc.org   
Principal Investigator: Maureen E Lyon, PhD         
George Washington University Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20037
Contact: David Parenti, MD    202-471-2234    dparenti@mfa.gwu.edu   
Contact: Donna Embersit    202-741-2798    dembersit@mfa.gwu.edu   
Principal Investigator: David Parenti, MD         
Georgetown University Hospital Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007
Contact: Laura Coster, MD    202-444-0153    laura.o.coster@gunet.georgetown.edu   
Contact: Mary Theresa Joseph    202-444-0359    mtj8@georgetown.edu   
Principal Investigator: Laura Coster, MD         
Institute for Clinical Research, Inc. (Affiliated with Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center of Washington, DC) Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
Contact: Debra Benator, MD    202-745-8301    debra.benator@va.gov   
Contact: Laura Mol    202-745-8000    laura.mol@va.gov   
Principal Investigator: Debra Benator, MD         
Washington Hospital Center Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
Contact: Rachel K Scott, MD       rachel.k.scott@medstar.net   
Contact: Patricia Tanjutco, MD       patricia.tanjutco@Medstar.net   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Research Institute
Georgetown University
George Washington University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Maureen E Lyon, PhD Children's Research Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Maureen Lyon, Principal Investigator, Children's Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01775436     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R01NR01405201
Study First Received: December 20, 2012
Last Updated: September 8, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Children's Research Institute:
palliative care
HIV/AIDS
quality of life
adherence
spiritual
threat appraisal
treatment congruence
treatment preferences
dialysis
hospitalization
communication
family intervention
Family Centered Advance Care Planning
decision making
advance care planning
end of life

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 30, 2014