Tenofovir Levels Following Local Application of Tenofovir Reduced-Glycerin 1% Gel

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified April 2014 by CONRAD
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Division of AIDS
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
CONRAD
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01768962
First received: November 20, 2012
Last updated: April 11, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

To compare local and systemic pharmacokinetics of tenofovir reduced-glycerin 1% gel after 2 weeks of daily rectal use and after 2 weeks of daily vaginal use


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Prevention
Drug: Once Daily Application of TFV RG 1% Gel
Drug: Once Daily Application of TFV RG 1% gel - Rectal
Drug: Once Daily Application of TFV RG 1% Gel - Vaginal
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Official Title: A Phase 1 Crossover Trial Evaluating the Pharmacokinetics of Tenofovir Reduced-Glycerin 1% Gel in the Rectal and Vaginal Compartments in Women

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by CONRAD:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Drug concentrations [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To compare local and systemic pharmacokinetics of tenofovir reduced-glycerin 1% gel after 2 weeks of daily rectal use and after 2 weeks of daily vaginal use


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of adverse events Grade 2 or higher [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To assess the safety of tenofovir reduced-glycerin 1% gel after 2 weeks of daily rectal use and after 2 weeks of daily vaginal use


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Inhibition of HIV by study drug in rectal and genital fluids [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Correlate drug levels in rectal and genital fluids with drug potency

  • Microflora biomarkers and gene expression from the vaginal and rectal environments [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Determine changes in microflora biomarkers and gene expression from the vaginal and rectal environments after 2 weeks of daily rectal versus 2 weeks of daily vaginal use of tenofovir reduced-glycerin 1% gel at sites with capacity

  • Timing of intercourse relative to gel insertion [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Determine the timing of vaginal and rectal intercourse around gel insertion among those participants who are heterosexually-active.

  • Partner response to gel use [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Determine reports of partner response to vaginal and rectal gel use of the women who disclose product use to their partner

  • Effect of gel use on vaginal and rectal non-sexual practices [ Time Frame: 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Determine the effect of daily gel use on vaginal and rectal non-sexual practices


Estimated Enrollment: 28
Study Start Date: April 2014
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Sequence A
2 weeks, 6 week washout, 2 weeks
Drug: Once Daily Application of TFV RG 1% Gel
Vaginal
Drug: Once Daily Application of TFV RG 1% gel - Rectal
Active Comparator: Sequence B
2 weeks, 6 week washout, 2 weeks
Drug: Once Daily Application of TFV RG 1% gel - Rectal Drug: Once Daily Application of TFV RG 1% Gel - Vaginal

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 21 through 45 years (inclusive) at Screening
  2. Able and willing to provide written informed consent
  3. Able and willing to comply with all study procedure requirements, including, clinical and laboratory assessments, vaginal and rectal examinations, urine and blood testing, as well as attendance at all scheduled study visits
  4. In general good health at Screening and Enrollment as determined by the Investigator of Record (IoR)/ or designee
  5. Negative pregnancy test at Screening and Enrollment
  6. HIV-negative at Screening and Enrollment
  7. Able and willing to provide adequate locator information
  8. Willingness to use study-provided male condoms for the duration of study participation for penetrative intercourse
  9. Per participant report at Screening, regular menstrual cycles with at least 21 days between menses (does not apply to participants who report using a progestin-only method of contraception at screening, e.g., Depo-Provera, progesterone-containing IUDs or extended use of oral contraceptives)
  10. Per participant report at Enrollment, using an effective method of contraception and intending to use an effective method for the duration of study participation; effective methods include:

    • Hormonal methods, excluding vaginal rings
    • Intrauterine device (IUD) inserted at least 42 days prior to Enrollment (but not past the maximum length of recommended usage according to package instructions)
    • Sterilization of participant or partner at least 42 days prior to Enrollment
    • Self-identifies as a woman who has sex with women exclusively
    • Sexually abstinent for the at least 90 days prior to enrollment and the intention to remain sexually abstinent for the duration of study participation
  11. Per participant report at Screening, states a willingness to refrain from inserting any non-study vaginal or rectal products or objects into the vagina or rectum, including but not limited to, spermicides, female condoms, diaphragms, contraceptive vaginal rings, vaginal medications, menstrual cups, cervical caps (or any other vaginal barrier method), vaginal/rectal douches, enemas, non-study approved lubricants, sex toys (vibrators, dildos, etc.), and tampons for the duration of the study product use periods and for 24 hours prior to each scheduled study clinic visit.
  12. Pap result consistent with Grade 0 according to the Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies Addendum 1 to the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 1.0, December 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009) or satisfactory evaluation of non-Grade 0 Pap result with no treatment required per clinical judgment of IoR or designee in the 12 calendar months prior to the Enrollment Visit
  13. At Screening, participant agrees not to take part in other research studies involving drugs, medical devices, or vaginal/rectal products for the duration of study participation (including the time between the Screening and Enrollment visits)

    Participants in the biopsy subset must also meet the following criteria at Screening to be eligible for inclusion:

  14. Willing to abstain from inserting anything into the vagina or rectum for 72 hours prior to and following the collection of these samples, including vaginal and rectal intercourse
  15. Willing to restrict the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin and/or other drugs that are associated with the increased likelihood of bleeding following mucosal biopsy collection for 72 hours prior to and following the collection biopsies

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant report of any of the following:

    1. Known adverse reaction to the study product (ever)
    2. Known adverse reaction to latex (ever)
    3. Current male sex partner with known history of adverse reaction to latex (ever)
    4. History of serum HBsAg positivity (ever)
    5. Non-therapeutic injection drug use in the 12 calendar months prior to Enrollment
    6. STI or reproductive tract infection (RTI) requiring treatment in the 6 calendar months prior to Enrollment
    7. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for possible HIV-1 infection within the 6 calendar months prior to Enrollment
    8. Last pregnancy outcome within 90 days or less prior to Enrollment
    9. Gynecologic or genital procedure (e.g., tubal ligation, dilation and curettage) within the 42 days prior to Enrollment Note: This does not include biopsy for the evaluation of an abnormal pap result or endometrial biopsy that occurred more than 7 days prior to Enrollment, provided that all other inclusion/exclusion criteria are met.
    10. Participation in any other research study involving drugs, medical devices or vaginal products 42 days or less prior to Enrollment
    11. Anticipated IUD replacement within the next 3 months or an IUD inserted 42 days or less prior to Enrollment
    12. Participant report at Screening and/or Enrollment intention of becoming pregnant in the next 3 months
    13. Currently breastfeeding at the time of Screening and/or Enrollment
    14. History of bleeding problems (Participants in the biopsy subset only)
  2. Laboratory abnormalities at Screening greater than or equal to a Grade 2*:

    1. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine transaminase (ALT)
    2. Hemoglobin
    3. Platelet count
    4. Serum creatinine Otherwise eligible participants with an exclusionary test result(s) listed above may be re-tested during the screening process. If a participant is re-tested and a non-exclusionary result is documented within the 42 days of providing informed consent, the participant may be enrolled.
  3. Urinary tract infection (UTI) at Screening and/or Enrollment Note: Otherwise eligible participants diagnosed with UTI during Screening will be offered treatment and may be enrolled after completing treatment and all symptoms have resolved. If treatment is completed and symptoms have resolved within 42 days of obtaining informed consent, the participant may be enrolled.
  4. Pelvic inflammatory disease or an STI or RTI requiring treatment per current WHO guidelines at Screening and/or Enrollment
  5. Clinically apparent Grade 2 or higher pelvic** and/or rectal*** examination finding (observed by study staff) at Screening and/or Enrollment Note: Cervical bleeding associated with speculum insertion and/or specimen collection judged to be within the range of normal according to the clinical judgment of the IoR/designee is considered expected non-menstrual bleeding and is not exclusionary.

    Note: Otherwise eligible participants with exclusionary pelvic and/or rectal examination findings may be enrolled/randomized after the findings have improved to a non-exclusionary severity grading or resolved. If improvement to a non-exclusionary grade or resolution is documented within 42 days of providing informed consent, the participant may be enrolled.

  6. Any other condition that, in the opinion of the IoR/designee, would preclude informed consent, make study participation unsafe, complicate interpretation of study outcome data, or otherwise interfere with achieving the study objectives

    • per the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events Version 1.0, December, 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009) ** per the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events Version 1.0, December, 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009), Addendum 1 Female Genital Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies *** per the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events Version 1.0, December, 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009), Addendum 3 Rectal Grading Table for Use in Microbicide Studies (Clarification dated May 2012).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01768962

Contacts
Contact: Gonasagrie Nair, MBChB nairg1@ukzn.ac.za
Contact: Jessica Justman, MD 212-342-0537 jj2158@columbia.edu

Locations
United States, New York
Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiologic Research, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Not yet recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Contact: Jessica Justman, MD    212-342-0537    jj2158@columbia.edu   
Principal Investigator: Jessica Justman, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
CONRAD
Division of AIDS
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jessica Justman, MD Columbia University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: CONRAD
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01768962     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MTN-014, 5UM1AI068633-07, 11885
Study First Received: November 20, 2012
Last Updated: April 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by CONRAD:
Microbicides
Tenofovir
Reduced-glycerin
Vaginal use
Rectal use
Pharmacokinetics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tenofovir
Tenofovir disoproxil
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014