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Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Gynecologic Malignancies Involving the Vagina

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2014 by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: October 5, 2012
Last updated: November 5, 2014
Last verified: November 2014

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if a type of MRI scan called diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is accurate in checking the status of tumors. Researchers also want to learn if DWI can predict how tumors will respond to radiation therapy.

Condition Intervention
Vaginal Cancer
Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Procedure: Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWMR)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Gynecologic Malignancies Involving the Vagina

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Accuracy of Tumor Involvement Detection [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Location of tumor involvement determined based on pre-treatment imaging findings, where inferior margin of tumor marked on the MRI. Tumor involved areas will then be evaluated by EUA, where fiducial markers will be placed and MRI images will be fused with the CT images to find if there is any discrepancy between the EUA and the DWI images. The primary endpoint is the accuracy of tumor involvement detection (binary endpoint), where tumor invasion is defined as similar to that seen by EUA, in the anterior/posterior or the lateral walls of the vagina. Similarity will be defined as the tumor margin seen on MRI being similar to what is seen on the EUA where the markers correspond to the margins defined on the MRI. This will be defined as 5mm or less.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Ability of Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWMR) to Assess Response to Radiation Therapy [ Time Frame: 4 weeks after radiation therapy treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Secondary endpoints include quantitative measurements of discrepancies (or: quantitative measurement of the discrepancy) between DWMR and exam under anesthesia (EUA), agreement and difference between DWMR and other MR sequences (T2, DGE), and the ability of DWMR to assess response to therapy. Summary statistics of results for each modality tabulated. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV estimated along with corresponding 95% CIs. Quantitative discrepancy measurements summarized using mean, SD, and range. Difference and agreement between DWMR and other MR sequences assessed using the McNemar test and Kappa statistics, respectively.

Estimated Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: November 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWMR)
Patients receive Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWMR) imaging pre-treatment and 4-6 weeks post-treatment.
Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) obtained pre-treatment and 4-6 weeks post-treatment.
Other Name: MRI
Procedure: Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWMR)
Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWMR) obtained pre-treatment and 4-6 weeks post-treatment.
Other Name: DWMR

Detailed Description:

If you agree to take part in this study, information will be collected from your medical record including your age, sex, and status of the disease.

For the MRI scans, you will receive a routine contrast drug by vein. Contrast drugs are used by doctors in order to see MRI images more clearly.

A modified MRI scan will performed right after your scheduled standard-of-care MRI scan. This modified MRI scan is the investigational scan. To complete the modified MRI scan, you will need to stay in the MRI scanner for about 6 extra minutes. It should take about 45 minutes total to complete both scans.

The way that researchers program the MRI machine and the order in which the images are taken is what is being modified for the investigational scan. These changes may help researchers capture better images.

Length of Study:

Your participation on this study will be over after the modified MRI scan is complete.

This is an investigational study. The standard-of-care MRI scan method is FDA approved and commercially available for the diagnosis of several diseases. The modified MRI scan method is being used in research only.

Up to 25 participants will be enrolled in this study. All will take part at MD Anderson.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. All patients who have gynecologic malignancies involving the middle third and the distal third of the vagina
  2. Patients who will undergo MRI for staging as well as exam under anesthesia prior to radiation therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pregnant patients
  2. Any implantable medical device that is not MRI compatible (e.g. pacemakers, defibrillators, pain pumps or insulin pumps)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01703195

Contact: Priya Bhosale, MD 713-792-0221

United States, Texas
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Priya Bhosale, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01703195     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-0656, NCI-2012-02054
Study First Received: October 5, 2012
Last Updated: November 5, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Vaginal Cancer
Malignancies involving the vagina
Middle third and the distal third of the vagina
Pre and post radiation therapy
Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging
Tumor involvement
Response to radiation therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vaginal Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Neoplasms by Site
Urogenital Neoplasms
Vaginal Diseases processed this record on November 20, 2014