Body Image in Youth With HIV

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01673750
First received: August 21, 2012
Last updated: April 11, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

This is an observational study that seeks to gather information about perceptions of body image through the use of a one-time questionnaire completed by participants at the time of study enrollment.

Effective management of Human Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has become possible through the use of Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART). As a result of more successful treatment options, HIV/AIDS has transitioned from a terminal illness to one which is treated as a chronic condition. One particular group that has been impacted tremendously by HIV in the United States is the adolescent population. As youth are living longer with HIV/AIDS, clinicians and researchers are beginning to examine ways in which the disease can affect one's physical health, mental health, and other psychosocial factors. Research emerging involving adults with HIV/AIDS has suggested that increased attention to and negative views of one's body image may be found at a higher rate in this group. To our knowledge, very few studies have examined this relationship in adolescents with HIV.


Condition Intervention
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HIV
Other: Questionnaire

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Body Image in Youth With HIV

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Reported level of normative body image and discrepancy between perceived body image and preferred body image [ Time Frame: Once at time of participant enrollment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The MBSRQ-AS is a well-validated self-report inventory for the assessment of body image (BI). It has five subscales: Appearance Evaluation, Appearance Orientation, Overweight Preoccupation, Self-Classified Weight, Body Areas Satisfaction Scale. Descriptive analyses (means and standard deviations of overall scores and means for each subscale) will be reported.

    The Figure Rating Scale is a culturally relevant measure modeled after Stunkard's widely used nine-figure scale of schematic figures of varying size. Participants will be asked to identify which BI they find most similar to their current body type and which BI would be ideal or preferred. A BI discrepancy (BID) score will be calculated for each subject based on their responses on the Figure Rating Scale: negative BID score indicates the subject's ideal BI is larger than perceived; positive BID score indicates the subject wants to be smaller/thinner than perceived; score of zero indicates the subject prefers his/her perceived BI.



Enrollment: 146
Study Start Date: October 2012
Study Completion Date: December 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Participants
Participants will have documented HIV infection and are aware of their diagnosis. They will complete a one-time questionnaire.
Other: Questionnaire
The primary outcome, characterizing body image among HIV infected adolescents, will be measured using a questionnaire administered to study participants through Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interview (ACASI) technology.
Other Names:
  • Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interview
  • ACASI

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this exploratory study is to characterize body image perceptions among youth with perinatally and behaviorally acquired HIV. In a cross-sectional design, adolescents will be asked to complete an ACASI questionnaire that will assess body image, medication adherence, depressive symptoms, medical, and other sociodemographic variables which may relate to adolescents with HIV. Information regarding the adolescents' medical history, medications, and physical functioning also will be abstracted from his or her medical record. Guided by the Intervention Mapping (IM) approach, findings from this study will inform future intervention studies designed to enhance HIV disease management among adolescents.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

To characterize body image perceptions among youth with HIV.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 23 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Patients with documented HIV infection between the ages of 16 and 24 who are willing and able to consent.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of HIV infection as documented in adolescent's medical record
  • Adolescent is aware of his/her HIV diagnosis
  • The adolescent/caregiver's primary language in English
  • Adolescent is ≥ 16 and < 24 years old
  • Adolescent is willing and able to provide consent per institutional guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Adolescent has documented diagnosis of mental retardation or a significant motor or sensory impairment that would preclude participation in the study survey.
  • Adolescent has known acute psychiatric illness, including suicidal ideation, homicidal ideation or active psychosis.
  • Adolescent is a pregnant female.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01673750

Locations
United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Megan Wilkins, PhD St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01673750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HIVBI
Study First Received: August 21, 2012
Last Updated: April 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
Adolescents
Body Image

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014