A Mixed-Methods Approach to Understanding Factors Associated With Cervical Cancer Screening Utilization Among Low-Income, HIV-Positive Women
The goal of this study is to better understand the factors that might prevent HIV-positive women from having routine pap smear screenings. Researchers also want to learn what might make it easier or encourage women to have these screenings.
Behavioral: Cognitive Interview
Behavioral: Focus Groups
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||A Mixed-Methods Approach to Understanding Factors Associated With Cervical Cancer Screening Utilization Among Low-Income, HIV-Positive Women|
- HIV Positive Women's Perceived Barriers to Cervical Cancer Screening [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants rank Nominal Group Technique (NGT) items (cervical cancer screening barriers and strategies to improve screening) from 1-5 (1-least important: 5-most important). Once two coders have calculated rankings, the 5 items receiving the highest number of points will be deemed the 5 barriers to cervical cancer screening. Similarly, the 5 strategy-based items receiving highest number of points will be deemed essential strategies to improving cervical cancer screening at Thomas Street Health Center (TSHC).
|Study Start Date:||October 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Focus Groups + Interviews + Questionnaires
HIV-positive women recruited from the population of individuals seeking care at Thomas Street Health Center (TSHC) of the Harris County Hospital District (HCHD).
Behavioral: Cognitive Interview
A research staff member will use a questionnaire to ask about many different health and social topics. The cognitive interview should take up to 45 minutes to complete.Behavioral: Questionnaires
Phase I: Completion of a questionnaire about age, education level, income, and general health behaviors. This questionnaire should take about 20 minutes to complete.
Phase II: Completion of 2 questionnaires. The first questionnaire will ask about age, education level, income, and general health behaviors. This questionnaire should take about 20 minutes to complete.
The second questionnaire will ask about many different health and social topics. This questionnaire should take up to 45 minutes to complete.
Other Name: SurveysBehavioral: Focus Groups
Phase I: There will be up to 8 women in each of the 5 focus groups.
Participants asked questions about personal and clinic-related factors that might make it more difficult to receive pap smear screenings. Participants also asked to discuss what might make it easier or encourage women to receive pap smear screenings. The focus group discussion should last 60-90 minutes.
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01605656
|United States, Texas|
|Thomas Street Health Center, Harris County Hospital District|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77009|
|Principal Investigator:||Damon Vidrine, MS, DRPH, BA||UT MD Anderson Cancer Center|