An Exploratory Rectal Safety Study of Three Tenofovir Gel Formulations

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
CONRAD
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ian McGowan, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01575418
First received: March 1, 2012
Last updated: May 6, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

This is a double-blinded, randomized, pharmacokinetic and safety study of 3 rectally applied tenofovir microbicide formulations: a vaginal formulation (VF), a reduced glycerin vaginal formulation (RGVF), and a rectal-specific formulation (RF). Nine HIV-negative men will be enrolled.

Each participant will receive two inpatient doses of each radiolabeled study product. The first inpatient dose of each product will be administered without coital dynamics simulation (CDS), while the second inpatient dose will be followed by a CDS procedure at 1-hour post dose with instillation of radiolabeled autologous semen. There will be a washout period of at least 11 days between each dose.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Prevention
Drug: Rectal formulation (RF) of tenofovir 1% gel
Drug: Vaginal formulation (VF) of tenofovir 1% gel
Drug: Reduced glycerin vaginal formulation (RGVF) of tenofovir 1% gel
Radiation: Radiolabeling of study drugs and semen
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: An Exploratory, Double-Blinded, Randomized, Pharmacokinetic and Safety Study of Three Rectally-Applied Tenofovir 1% Microbicide Gel Formulations

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of adverse events and/or abnormal laboratory values Grade 2 or higher [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of study, an expected average of 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Grade 2 or higher clinical and laboratory adverse events as defined by the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Version 1.0, Dec 2004 and Addendum 3 (Rectal Grading Tables for Use in Microbicide Studies) will be used to assess safety.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Area Under Curve (AUC) [ Time Frame: 0.25hr, 0.5hr, 0.75hr, 1hr, 1.25hr, 1.5hr, 1.75hr, 2hr, 2.33hr, 2.66hr, 3hr, 3.5hr, 4hr, 8hr, 16hr, and 24hr post-dose at Visits 2,4,5,7,8, and 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Pharmacokinetics (PK) measures will be evaluated as plasma tenofovir concentrations

    Distribution/migration of product and whole semen (with and without Coital Dynamic Simulation or CDS) will be evaluated based on:

    • Distribution of product radiolabel (111Indium DTPA) within the colonic lumen
    • Distribution of whole semen radiolabel (99mTc-sulfur colloid) within the colonic lumen

    And mucosal permeability (with and without CDS) will be measured via:

    • PK in blood of product radiolabel (111Indium DTPA)
    • Urine


Enrollment: 9
Study Start Date: March 2013
Study Completion Date: November 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Rectal specific formulation (RF) stage
Each participant will receive two inpatient doses of each radiolabeled study product. The first inpatient dose of each product will be administered without coital dynamics simulation (CDS), while the second inpatient dose will be followed by a CDS procedure at 1-hour post dose with instillation of radiolabeled autologous semen. There will be a washout period of at least 11 days between each dose.
Drug: Rectal formulation (RF) of tenofovir 1% gel
The RF is translucent colorless viscous gel formulation containing 1% (w/w) of tenofovir (PMPA) formulated in purified water with EDTA, glycerin, methylparaben, propylparaben, carbopol, sodium carboxy methyl cellulose, and pH adjusted to 7. The RF is close to isoosmolar with an osmolality of 479 mOsmol/kg.
Radiation: Radiolabeling of study drugs and semen

Study products (i.e. the gel formulations) will be radiolabeled with 111In-DTPA, an FDA-approved radiopharmaceutical commonly used in diagnostic nuclear medicine studies. The delivered dose per gel study product will be approximately 100 microCuries (µCi) to allow sufficient visualization for the imaging period.

Autologous whole semen collected from the participants at designated visits will be radiolabeled with a delivered dose of approximately 500 microCuries (µCi) of 99mTc-sulfur colloid, also an FDA-approved radiopharmaceutical commonly used in diagnostic nuclear studies. The study team at JHU has extensive experience administering these radiopharmaceuticals rectally. Both of these radiopharmaceuticals will be prepared and delivered by a commercial radiopharmacy and mixed by the study investigators with the respective gel and whole semen vehicles.

The study product and autologous whole semen will be loaded into calibrated syringes with luer lock adapter for dosing.

Active Comparator: Vaginal formulation (VF) stage
Each participant will receive two inpatient doses of each radiolabeled study product. The first inpatient dose of each product will be administered without coital dynamics simulation (CDS), while the second inpatient dose will be followed by a CDS procedure at 1-hour post dose with instillation of radiolabeled autologous semen. There will be a washout period of at least 11 days between each dose.
Drug: Vaginal formulation (VF) of tenofovir 1% gel
The original VF is a transparent, viscous gel formulation containing 1% (weight/ weight or w/w) of tenofovir (PMPA, 9-[(R)-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine monohydrate), formulated in purified water with edetate disodium, citric acid, glycerin, methylparaben, propylparaben, hydroxyethylcellulose, and pH adjusted to 4-5. This formulation has been used in all clinical trials (vaginal, penile, and rectal) of tenofovir 1% gel to date.
Radiation: Radiolabeling of study drugs and semen

Study products (i.e. the gel formulations) will be radiolabeled with 111In-DTPA, an FDA-approved radiopharmaceutical commonly used in diagnostic nuclear medicine studies. The delivered dose per gel study product will be approximately 100 microCuries (µCi) to allow sufficient visualization for the imaging period.

Autologous whole semen collected from the participants at designated visits will be radiolabeled with a delivered dose of approximately 500 microCuries (µCi) of 99mTc-sulfur colloid, also an FDA-approved radiopharmaceutical commonly used in diagnostic nuclear studies. The study team at JHU has extensive experience administering these radiopharmaceuticals rectally. Both of these radiopharmaceuticals will be prepared and delivered by a commercial radiopharmacy and mixed by the study investigators with the respective gel and whole semen vehicles.

The study product and autologous whole semen will be loaded into calibrated syringes with luer lock adapter for dosing.

Active Comparator: Reduced glycerin vaginal formulation (RGVF) stage
Each participant will receive two inpatient doses of each radiolabeled study product. The first inpatient dose of each product will be administered without coital dynamics simulation (CDS), while the second inpatient dose will be followed by a CDS procedure at 1-hour post dose with instillation of radiolabeled autologous semen. There will be a washout period of at least 11 days between each dose.
Drug: Reduced glycerin vaginal formulation (RGVF) of tenofovir 1% gel
Modified slightly from the original VF formulation, the RGVF has a lower glycerin content than the VF and a significantly reduced osmolality (836 or 846 versus 3111 mOsmol/kg). Lowering glycerin content lowered the viscosity, so the HEC concentration was increased by 10% (a change considered to be insignificant). The amount of parabens was increased by 10% each to improve the antimicrobical effectiveness. The RGVF formulation with 2.75% HEC was used in MTN-007 (CONRAD IND 73,382; currently enrolling), which is the only clinical study of this formulation. The RGVF formulation has since been modified to increase the viscosity.
Radiation: Radiolabeling of study drugs and semen

Study products (i.e. the gel formulations) will be radiolabeled with 111In-DTPA, an FDA-approved radiopharmaceutical commonly used in diagnostic nuclear medicine studies. The delivered dose per gel study product will be approximately 100 microCuries (µCi) to allow sufficient visualization for the imaging period.

Autologous whole semen collected from the participants at designated visits will be radiolabeled with a delivered dose of approximately 500 microCuries (µCi) of 99mTc-sulfur colloid, also an FDA-approved radiopharmaceutical commonly used in diagnostic nuclear studies. The study team at JHU has extensive experience administering these radiopharmaceuticals rectally. Both of these radiopharmaceuticals will be prepared and delivered by a commercial radiopharmacy and mixed by the study investigators with the respective gel and whole semen vehicles.

The study product and autologous whole semen will be loaded into calibrated syringes with luer lock adapter for dosing.


  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. ≥ Age of 18 at screening
  2. Willing and able to communicate in English
  3. Willing and able to provide written informed consent to take part in the study
  4. Willing and able to provide adequate locator information
  5. Understands and agrees to local STI reporting requirements
  6. Biologically male
  7. HIV-1 uninfected at screening according to the standard DAIDS algorithm 8. Willingness to provide semen sample on multiple occasions

9. Per participant report at screening, a history of consensual RAI at least once within the six months prior to screening 10. Willingness to perform simulated RAI with CDS device 11. Willing to abstain from RAI or any practices which include rectal insertion of any product including those used during sexual intercourse (sex toys) for 48 hours before and after inpatient dosing and willing to refrain from ejaculation for a period of 48 hours prior to each semen collection 12. Must agree to use condoms for the duration of the study 13. Must be in general good health 14. Must agree not to participate in other drug trials 15. Availability to return for all study visits, barring unforeseen circumstances

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Significant colorectal symptom(s) as determined by medical history or by participant self-report (including but not limited to presence of any unresolved injury, infectious or inflammatory condition of the local mucosa, history of inflammatory bowel disease, presence of symptomatic external hemorrhoids, and presence of any painful anorectal conditions that would be tender to manipulation.)
  2. At screening: participant-reported symptoms and/or clinical or laboratory diagnosis of active rectal or reproductive tract infection requiring treatment per current CDC guidelines or symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI). Infections requiring treatment include Chlamydia (CT), gonorrhea (GC), syphilis, active HSV lesions, chancroid, genital sores or ulcers, and, if clinically indicated, genital warts. Note that HSV seropositivity with no active genital lesions is not an exclusion criterion, since treatment is not required. (Note: Allow one re-screening after documented treatment (30 days) in cases where urethral GC/CT identified at screening)
  3. At screening:

    • Positive for hepatitis B surface antigen
    • Calculated creatinine clearance less than 60 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula where creatinine clearance in mL/min = (140 - age in years) x (weight in kg) x (1 for male)/72 x (serum creatinine in mg/dL)
    • Alanine transaminase (ALT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5× the site laboratory ULN
  4. Known allergic reaction to methylparaben, propylparaben, sorbic acid, glycerin, glycerol, tenofovir, or other components of the test articles
  5. Known HIV-infected partners
  6. By participant report at enrollment, history of excessive daily alcohol use (as defined by the CDC as heavy drinking consisting of an average consumption of more than 2 drinks per day for men), frequent binge drinking or illicit drug use that includes any injection drugs, methamphetamines (crystal meth), heroin, or cocaine including crack cocaine, within the past 12 months
  7. By participant report, use of any rectally-administered medications, rectally administered products containing N-9 (including condoms), any investigational products, and/or systemic immunomodulatory medications within the 4 weeks prior to the first inpatient visit and throughout study participation
  8. History of recurrent urticaria
  9. Participants whose whole body (EDE) radiation exposure, per the investigator's records and/or participant report, exceeds 5000mrem/year
  10. Any other condition or prior therapy that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude informed consent, make study participation unsafe, make the individual unsuitable for the study or unable to comply with the study requirements. Such conditions may include, but are not limited to, current or recent history of severe, progressive, or uncontrolled substance abuse, or renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, neurological, or cerebral disease.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01575418

Locations
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Drug Development Unit
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ian McGowan
CONRAD
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Craig Hendrix, MD Johns Hopkins University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Ian McGowan, Professor of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01575418     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CHARM-02, 5U19AI082637
Study First Received: March 1, 2012
Last Updated: May 6, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glycerol
Tenofovir
Tenofovir disoproxil
Cryoprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-HIV Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014