Radiofrequency Ablation Versus Liver Resection for Elderly Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Within the Milan Criteria

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2012 by Sun Yat-sen University
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Chen Min-Shan, Sun Yat-sen University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01570075
First received: March 28, 2012
Last updated: March 30, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer, and it is the third commonest global cause of cancer-related death. With an increase in life-expectancy of the general population, the number of elderly with HCC is expected to increase. Current curative treatment options for HCC include: liver transplantation, liver resection (LR) and local ablation therapy. Liver transplantation is a good treatment for HCC within the Milan criteria (single HCC ≤ 5 cm or up to 3 nodules each < 3 cm). As a consequence of the lack of liver donors, one relative contraindication for liver transplantation is age over 65 years, or the protocol requires elderly patients to have very good general health before they can be put on a transplant list. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is used more commonly for the treatment of intermediate and advanced-staged HCC, while liver resection and local ablation therapy are used for early-staged HCC. Amongst the local ablative therapies, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is most widely used. It has the advantage of minimally invasiveness, making it the first-line treatment for small HCC in patients with compromised liver function or associated severe medical conditions.

Elderly patients are more likely to have poor general conditions and associated medical diseases. RFA has the advantage of being less invasive and it causes less pain, less blood loss and earlier recovery than LR. On the other hand, incomplete ablation of HCC and tumor track seeding may happen. Several studies have demonstrated the safety of LR for elderly patients. There is no good evidence in the medical literature to support whether RFA or LR is a better treatment for elderly patients with HCC.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Procedure: HR
Procedure: RFA
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Radiofrequency Ablation Versus Liver Resection for Elderly Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Within the Milan Criteria

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sun Yat-sen University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • overall survival [ Time Frame: 5 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • disease-free survival [ Time Frame: 5-year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 180
Study Start Date: November 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: RFA group
For RFA, we used a commercially available system with a 375-KHz computer-assisted radiofrequency generator (Elektrotom HiTT 106, Berchtold, Medizinelektronik, Germany) and an open-perfused electrode (Berchtold, Tuttlingen, Germany) of 15 cm (or 20 cm), 14 Ga, and a 15 mm (or 20 mm) active electrode tip with microbores.
Procedure: HR
SR was carried out under general anesthesia using a right subcostal incision with a midline extension. Intra-operative ultrasonography was performed routinely to evaluate the tumor burden, liver remnant, and the possibility of a negative resection margin. Anatomic resection, in the form of segmentectomy and/or subsegmentectomy as described by Makuuchi et al. (16) was the preferred surgical method of liver resection. Pringle's maneuver was routinely used with a clamp and unclamp time of 10 min and 5 min, respectively; this technique was used repeatedly throughout the entire procedure.
Other Name: hepatic resection; surgical resection
Experimental: HR group
SR was carried out under general anesthesia using a right subcostal incision with a midline extension. Intra-operative ultrasonography was performed routinely to evaluate the tumor burden, liver remnant, and the possibility of a negative resection margin. Anatomic resection, in the form of segmentectomy and/or subsegmentectomy as described by Makuuchi et al. (16) was the preferred surgical method of liver resection. Pringle's maneuver was routinely used with a clamp and unclamp time of 10 min and 5 min, respectively; this technique was used repeatedly throughout the entire procedure.
Procedure: RFA
For PRFA, we used a commercially available system with a 375-KHz computer-assisted radiofrequency generator (Elektrotom HiTT 106, Berchtold, Medizinelektronik, Germany) and an open-perfused electrode (Berchtold, Tuttlingen, Germany) of 15 cm (or 20 cm), 14 Ga, and a 15 mm (or 20 mm) active electrode tip with microbores.
Other Name: percutaneous ablation

Detailed Description:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer, and it is the third commonest global cause of cancer-related death. With an increase in life-expectancy of the general population, the number of elderly with HCC is expected to increase. Current curative treatment options for HCC include: liver transplantation, liver resection (LR) and local ablation therapy. Liver transplantation is a good treatment for HCC within the Milan criteria (single HCC ≤ 5 cm or up to 3 nodules each < 3 cm). As a consequence of the lack of liver donors, one relative contraindication for liver transplantation is age over 65 years, or the protocol requires elderly patients to have very good general health before they can be put on a transplant list. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is used more commonly for the treatment of intermediate and advanced-staged HCC, while liver resection and local ablation therapy are used for early-staged HCC. Amongst the local ablative therapies, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is most widely used. It has the advantage of minimally invasiveness, making it the first-line treatment for small HCC in patients with compromised liver function or associated severe medical conditions.

Elderly patients are more likely to have poor general conditions and associated medical diseases. RFA has the advantage of being less invasive and it causes less pain, less blood loss and earlier recovery than LR. On the other hand, incomplete ablation of HCC and tumor track seeding may happen. Several studies have demonstrated the safety of LR for elderly patients. There is no good evidence in the medical literature to support whether RFA or LR is a better treatment for elderly patients with HCC.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years to 85 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. age 65 - 85 years;
  2. HCC within the Milan criteria (single HCC ≤ 5 cm or up to 3 nodules each ≤3 cm);
  3. resectable disease, which is defined as the possibility of completely removing all tumors and retaining a sufficient liver remnant to maintain liver function, as assessed by our surgery team;
  4. Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group performance (ECOG) status 0 ;

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. severe coagulation disorders (prothrombin activity < 40% or a platelet count of < 40,000 / mm3;
  2. the presence of vascular invasion or extrahepatic spread on imaging;
  3. Child-Pugh class C liver cirrhosis or evidence of hepatic decompensation including ascites, esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding, or hepatic encephalopathy;
  4. previous treatment.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01570075

Locations
China, Guangdong
Cancer Center, Sun Yat-set University Recruiting
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, 510060
Contact: min-shan chen, M.D.,Ph.D.    8620-87343117    Chminsh@mail.sysu.edu.cn   
Principal Investigator: min-shan chen, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sun Yat-sen University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Chen Min-Shan, professor, Sun Yat-sen University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01570075     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HCC17
Study First Received: March 28, 2012
Last Updated: March 30, 2012
Health Authority: China: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Sun Yat-sen University:
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
RFA
HR

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014