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HIV Accelerated Liver Disease in Uganda

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified June 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01524562
First received: February 1, 2012
Last updated: November 11, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

Background:

- Liver disease is a leading cause of death in people who have the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It especially affects those who have both HIV and hepatitis B or C viruses. Most research on HIV-related liver disease has been conducted in North America and Europe. However, HIV-related liver disease in Uganda and other African nations may involve other diseases that are not common in the West, and may not involve hepatitis B or C. Researchers want to study HIV-related liver disease in Uganda to learn more about the differences between Western and African trends of this disease.

Objectives:

- To study HIV-related liver disease in rural Uganda.

Eligibility:

  • Individuals at least 18 years of age who were tested for possible liver disease. Some participants will have HIV infection; others will be uninfected.
  • All participants will be from rural areas of Uganda.

Design:

  • Participants will have at least two study visits.
  • Participants will have a physical exam and medical history. They will complete a questionnaire about health and quality of life. Blood, urine, and stool samples will be collected. Participants will also have a liver scan to check for liver scarring, and an ultrasound to take images of the liver.
  • Participants who may have liver disease will visit a local hospital for more tests. A liver biopsy will be performed to collect liver tissue samples.

Condition
Fibrosis

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: HIV-Accelerated Liver Disease in Uganda

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 1000
Study Start Date: December 2011
Detailed Description:

With improved survival following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), liver disease has become a leading cause of death among HIV-infected persons in Western cohorts, primarily affecting those co-infected with hepatitis B or C viruses (HBV, HCV). However, data are sparse on liver disease in HIV-infected populations from Uganda and other African nations, where the etiologies of liver disease are broader and include aflatoxin, schistosomiasis and other infectious and environmental agents. Our previous noninvasive study in rural, Rakai, Uganda indicates that the prevalence of significant liver fibrosis is high among HIV-infected individuals (17%) and is 50% higher than in HIV-uninfected persons, although the prevalence of viral hepatitis B co-infection is low (5%). The study presented here is a biopsy-based study that follows up on these results with the objectives of defining the etiology of liver disease and describing the mechanisms of HIV-accelerated liver fibrosis in this setting.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Adults aged 18 and older
    2. Persons who are able and willing to provide informed consent
    3. Persons who have a transient elastography score > =9.0 kPa or have other evidence of liver disease, and who are willing to undergo an ultrasound and liver biopsy

      i) Other evidence of liver disease: Persons with an LSM < 9.0 kPa who demonstrate liver transaminases at least 2-times greater than the upper limit of normal; those with persistently abnormal liver

      transaminases over a period of three months during the year preceding enrollment; those who show abnormalities on their ultrasound; those with other laboratory tests indicating the possibility of liver disease; and/or those who have a clinical or medical indication for a liver biopsy.

    4. Persons who are willing to have tissue samples undergo genetic testing
    5. Persons who agree to have samples stored for the purpose of future research

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Women who are pregnant
  2. Persons with a cardiac device (i.e., pacemaker)
  3. Participants who are not able to follow study instructions \
  4. Safety laboratory data indicating possible excess risk of bleeding including platelets < 75,000 and an INR> =1.5. These safety laboratory values will be ascertained by obtaining a Complete Blood Count (CBC) and a Prothrombin Time (PT).
  5. Evidence of decompensated liver disease including ascites, or hepatic encephalopathy
  6. Persons who have any condition deemed, by the investigators, to be a contraindication to study participation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01524562

Contacts
Contact: Steven J Reynolds, M.D. (301) 496-1124 sr357h@nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), 9000 Rockville Pi Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Steven J Reynolds, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01524562     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999912037, 12-I-N037
Study First Received: February 1, 2012
Last Updated: November 11, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Fibrosis
Cirrhosis
Africa
Schistosomiasis
Aflatoxin
Liver Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fibrosis
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014