Telaprevir Open-Label Study in Co-Infected Patients

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen-Cilag International NV
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01500616
First received: December 22, 2011
Last updated: July 22, 2014
Last verified: July 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to collect safety and tolerability data on telaprevir treatment in combination with Peg‑IFN‑alfa and RBV in patients with HIV/genotype 1 chronic HCV coinfection with severe fibrosis or compensated cirrhosis who are not eligible for enrollment into an ongoing clinical study of telaprevir.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Drug: Telaprevir
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicenter, Open-Label, Study of Telaprevir in Combination With Peginterferon Alfa and Ribavirin in Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Genotype 1 Chronic Hepatitis C Coinfected Subjects With Severe Fibrosis or Compensated Cirrhosis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Janssen-Cilag International NV:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Treatment-emergent Adverse Events [ Time Frame: from first use of the medicinal product to 30 days after administration of the last dose of investigational product (telaprevir) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Protocol-defined adverse events whether serious or non-serious, that occur from the first use of investigational product (telaprevir) to 30 days after administration of the last dose of investigational product (telaprevir) will be part of the analysis.


Enrollment: 122
Study Start Date: June 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: open label telaprevir
Depending on the patient's HAART regimen, 750 or 1125 mg telaprevir every 8 hours for 12 weeks in combination with pegylated interferon alfa and ribavirin for 48 weeks.
Drug: Telaprevir
type = exact number, unit = mg, number = 750, form = tablet, route = oral use, every 8 hours for 12 weeks in combination with pegylated interferon alfa (Peg-IFN alfa) and ribavirin (RBV) during 48 weeks for eligible non treated HIV patients and for patients whose highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen is the combination of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir, plus either TDF or abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or the combination of raltegravir, plus either TDF or abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or etravirine, TDF, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or etravirine, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or rilpivirine, TDF, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or rilpivirine, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine.
Drug: Telaprevir
type = exact number, unit = mg, number = 1125, form = tablet, route = oral use, every 8 hours for 12 weeks in combination with Peg-IFN alfa and RBV during 48 weeks when patient's HAART regimen is the combination of efavirenz, plus either TDF or abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or etravirine, TDF, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or etravirine, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or rilpivirine, TDF, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, or rilpivirine, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine.

Detailed Description:

In this study, all patients will receive open-label (all people involved know the identity of the intervention) telaprevir in addition to Peg IFN-alfa and RBV for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and protocol permissible treatments for HIV. Chronic hepatitis C infection causes inflammation of the liver which can potentially cause long-term complications of the current liver disease (fibrosis or cirrhosis). Therefore it is important the patient is treated for this infection. Telaprevir is an experimental medication that has been tested for the treatment of hepatitis C infections in several previous studies in more than 2500 patients. Telaprevir is a member of a new class of drugs being developed for chronic hepatitis C: Direct Acting Antiviral (DAA) agents. Unlike pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV), DAA agents act directly on the hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication cycle. The aim of the telaprevir treatment is to eradicate the Hepatitis C virus out of the patient's body. This can be measured by testing the amount of a certain part of this Hepatitis C virus, called the Ribonucleic acid (RNA [HCV RNA]) in their blood. It is possible that the patient will not respond to the therapy and the levels of HCV RNA in their blood will not decrease or even increase. Based on these results it might be decided the patient will not benefit from treatment and he/she need to stop the telaprevir only or all medication for their hepatitis C infection. The doctor will keep them informed about the patient's reaction to the treatment and will take the necessary measurements as prescribed by the study protocol and routine medical practice. During the study the patient will simultaneously be treated with the therapy that the doctor would normally prescribe for treatment of their chronic hepatitis C infection: "ribavirin (RBV)" and "pegylated interferon alfa (PEG-INF-alfa)". Telaprevir is always administered in combination with RBV and PEG-IFN-alfa. In function of the patient's specific HIV status, the doctor has prescribed, or not, a specific treatment that the patient will continue to take during the study. This treatment could be: (a) efavirenz, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, (b) efavirenz, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, (c) ritonavir-boosted atazanavir, TDF, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, (d) ritonavir-boosted atazanavir, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, (e) raltegravir, TDF, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, (f) raltegravir, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine or (g) etravirine, TDF, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudin, (h) etravirine, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, (i) rilpivirine, TDF, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, (j) rilpivirine, abacavir, plus either emtricitabine or lamivudine, (k) no treatment. In an interim analysis of a Phase 2a study, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1/HCV genotype 1 coinfected patients currently receiving HIV therapy who had telaprevir added to Peg IFN-alfa-2a and RBV regimen for treatment of their HCV genotype 1 infection had a higher HCV RNA response (undetectable HCV RNA) at Weeks 4 and 12 than those who received only the Peg-IFN-alfa-2a and RBV regimen. These responses were sustained through Week 24, with 73.7% of patients who had telaprevir added to the Peg-IFN-alfa-2a and RBV regimen and 54.5% of patients who received only the Peg-IFN-alfa-2a and RBV regimen also achieving undetectable HCV RNA at Week 24. Patients with severe fibrosis or cirrhosis have a lower likelihood of sustained virologic response (SVR) and also have the greatest risk of liver failure, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and death. Administering telaprevir in this difficult to treat population may reduce the risk of long-term complications associated with HCV in patients with HIV/HCV genotype 1 coinfection. All patients eligible to enter the study will receive telaprevir (750 or 1,125 mg every 8 hours based on their Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) regimen) during the first 12 weeks of the study in combination with Peg IFN alfa/RBV. Patients will subsequently be treated with Peg-IFN-alfa/RBV for an additional 36 weeks. The total duration of Peg-IFN-alfa/RBV will be 48 weeks. HCV RNA levels should be measured at Weeks 4, 12, 24 and 48. All patients should have a posttreatment follow-up visit, including measurement of plasma HCV RNA levels, performed 24 weeks after the last administered dose of treatment. Note that in certain countries, an additional main objective of the study is to provide Early Access to telaprevir in this population.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: - Have diagnosis of HIV-1 or HIV-2 infection, or HIV-1 and HIV-2 coinfection for more than 6 months before the screening visit. - Should have been on a stable permissible HAART regimen for more than 8 weeks before Day 1 without switches. OR Not on a HAART regimen and not expected to start HIV treatment during the study, ie, have CD4 count of ≥500 cells/mm3 and a HIV-1 and/or HIV-2 viral load ≤50,000 copies/mL at screening - If on stable permissible HAART regimen, have CD4 count ≥200 cells/mm3 or ≥15% and HIV-1 and/or HIV-2 viral load <50 copies/mL for at least 6 months before starting treatment is recommended - Have evidence of HCV infection genotype 1 (molecular assay) - Have a quantifiable plasma HCV RNA Exclusion Criteria: - Is eligible for enrollment into an ongoing clinical study of telaprevir - Is infected or coinfected with HCV of another genotype than genotype 1 - Has a contraindication to the administration of Peg-IFN-alfa or RBV, or medical history or laboratory values that preclude treatment with Peg-IFN-alfa or RBV according to the respective local prescribing information - Have any contraindication to the currently prescribed HAART regimen at screening. Note: Patients who have a contraindication to a nonprescribed permissible HAART medication are not excluded. - Positive human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B5701 genotyping result at screening (or documented result prior to screening) if abacavir is a component of HAART

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01500616

  Show 34 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen-Cilag International NV
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen-Cilag International NV, Belgium Clinical Trial Janssen-Cilag International NV
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Janssen-Cilag International NV
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01500616     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR018787, VX-950HPC3005, 2011-003593-85
Study First Received: December 22, 2011
Last Updated: July 22, 2014
Health Authority: Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products
Austria: Agency for Health and Food Safety
Germany: Ethics Commission
Great Britain: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Ireland: Irish Medicines Board
Hungary: National Institute for Quality and Organizational Development in Healthcare and Medicines
Luxembourg: Ministère de la Santé
Portugal: National Pharmacy and Medicines Institute
Russia: Pharmacological Committee, Ministry of Health
Russia: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
Switzerland: Ethikkommission

Keywords provided by Janssen-Cilag International NV:
Chronic Hepatitis C Infection
Chronic Hepatitis C Co-Infected Patients
Hepatitis C
Severe Fibrosis
Compensated Cirrhosis
VX-950HPC3005

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis, Chronic
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Ribavirin
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014