A Study of the Pharmacokinetics and Antiviral Activity of Dolutegravir in the Central Nervous System in HIV-1 Infected ART-naive Subjects

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Shionogi
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ViiV Healthcare
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01499199
First received: December 15, 2011
Last updated: December 5, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

ING116070 is a Phase IIIb single-arm, open-label, multicenter study. The study will be conducted in approximately 14 HIV-1 infected antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve subjects. Subjects who fulfill eligibility requirements will receive dolutegravir (DTG) 50 mg once daily in combination with the fixed dose dual nucleoside reverse transcripatase inhibitor(NRTI) abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) for 96 weeks. One pair of pharmacokinetic (PK) samples in plasma and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) (matching time) for determination of DTG concentration will be collected at Week 2 and Week 16. Samples for plasma HIV-1 RNA will be collected at Baseline and various time points throughout the study and samples for HIV-1 RNA levels in the CSF will be collected at Baseline, Week 2 and Week 16. Safety, additional measures of antiviral activity and development of viral resistance will also be evlauated. The primary analysis will take place after the last subject completes 16 weeks on therapy; additional analyses will be conducted after the last subject completes Weeks 2 and 96 (end of study).


Condition Intervention Phase
Infection, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Drug: Dolutegravir
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single-arm Study of the Safety, Efficacy and Central Nervous System and Plasma PK of GSK1349572 (Dolutegravir, DTG) 50 mg Once Daily in Combination With the Abacavir/Lamivudine Fixed Dose Combination Tablet Over 96 Weeks in HIV-1 Infected Antiretroviral Naive Adult Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by ViiV Healthcare:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Ratio of Total and Unbound DTG Concentrations Between Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) and Plasma at Week 2 and Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 2 and Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colorless bodily fluid produced in the choroid plexus of the brain. The CFS samples were collected at the Week 2 and Week 16 visits, within 1 hour of plasma pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling. The ratio (presented as a percentage) of CSF DTG concentration over paired plasma total DTG concentration (RCSF_plasma) was calculated at the Week 2 and Week 16 visits.

  • Total DTG Plasma Concentrations at Week 2 and Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 2 and Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Total plasma DTG concentrations were calculated at the Week 2 and Week 16 visits.

  • Unbound DTG Plasma Concentrations at Week 2 and Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 2 and Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Unbound (free, not bound to cellular proteins) plasma DTG concentrations were calculated at the Week 2 and Week 16 visits.

  • Plasma DTG Unbound Fraction at Week 2 and Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 2 and Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The unbound fraction of DTG in plasma (presented as a percentage of unbound [i.e., free DTG not bound to cellular proteins] DTG plasma concentration over paired plasma total DTG concentration) was calculated at the Week 2 and Week 16 visits.

  • DTG Concentrations in CSF at Weeks 2 and Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 2 and Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CSF is a clear, colorless bodily fluid produced in the choroid plexus of the brain. The CFS samples were collected at the Week 2 and Week 16 visits, within 1 hour of plasma PK sampling. DTG concentration in CSF were calculated at the Week 2 and Week 16 visits.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 Copies Per Milliliter (c/mL) at Baseline and Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline; Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, and 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HIV-1 RNA response in plasma was measured as the number of participants with HIV-1 RNA less than 50 c/mL at Baseline, Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12, and Week 16.

  • Absolute Values and Change From Baseline in Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Levels at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, and 36 [ Time Frame: Baseline; Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, and 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The plasma samples were collected at the Week 2, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12, Week 16, Week 24, and Week 36 visits. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Number of Participants With CSF HIV-1 RNA <50 Copies/Milliliter (c/mL) at Baseline, Week 2, and Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, and Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The antiviral activity of dolutegravir in CSF over time was measured as the number of participants with HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/milliliter (c/mL).

  • Absolute Values and Change From Baseline in CSF HIV-1 RNA Levels at Week 2 and Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, and Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The antiviral activity of dolutegravir in CSF over time was measured as absolute values and change from Baseline in HIV-1 RNA levels in CSF at Week 2 and Week 16. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Number of Participants With the Indicated Number of Copies of HIV-1 RNA in Both the CSF and Plasma at Baseline, Week 2, and Week 16 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2, and Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The relationship between HIV-1 RNA suppression in plasma and the CSF was measured as a comparison and as a change in the number of participants in the cross tabulation of <50 copies/mL in plasma, <50 copies/mL in CSF, >=50 copies/mL in plasma, and >=50 copies/mL in CSF at Baseline, Week 2, and Week 16.

  • Pearson Correlation Between CSF DTG Concentration and Absolute Values and Change From Baseline (CFB) in CSF HIV-1 RNA at Week 2, Week 16, and Overall [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 16 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Pearson Correlation Coefficient is a measure of the correlation between CSF DTG concentrations and absolute values/changes from Baseline in CSF HIV-1 RNA at Week 2 and Week 16. CSF HIV-1 RNA is measured as log10 copies per milliliter (copies/mL).

  • Absolute Values and Change From Baseline in Cluster of Differentiation 4+ (CD4+) Cell Counts at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, and 36 [ Time Frame: Baseline; Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 24, and 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The absolute value for CD4+ cell count (cells per millimeters cubed [mm^3]) was assessed at Baseline, Week 4, Week 8, Week 12, Week 16, Week 24, and Week 36. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Absolute Values and Change From Baseline in Cluster of Differentiation 8+ (CD8+) Cell Counts at Weeks 4, 12, 16, and 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline; Weeks 4, 12, 16, and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CD8+ data will be summarized at the end of the study (August 2014).

  • Number of Participants With Post-Baseline HIV-1-associated Conditions, Including Recurrences [ Time Frame: Baseline through the date the last participant completed Week 16 (a limited number of participants completed the Week 24 and 36 visits) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants who reported a new or recurrent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Class B or Class C condition was assessed from Baseline though the date the last participant completed Week 16. Category (CAT) A: one or more of the following conditions (CON), without any CON listed in Categories B and C: asymptomatic HIV infection, persistent generalized lymphadenopathy, acute (primary) HIV infection with accompanying illness or history of acute HIV infection. CAT B: symptomatic CON that are attributed to HIV infection or are indicative of a defect in cell-mediated immunity; or that are considered by physicians to have a clinical course or to require management that is complicated by HIV infection; and not included among CON listed in clinical CAT C. CAT C: the clinical CON listed in the AIDS surveillance case definition.

  • The Numbers of Participants (Par.) With Clinical Adverse Events or Laboratory Abnormalities [ Time Frame: Baseline (BL) through the date the last participant completed Week (W) 16 (a limited number of participants completed the Week 24 and 36 visits) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An AE is any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product. An SAE is any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose, results in death, is life threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect, or is an event of possible drug-induced liver injury. Refer to the general Adverse AE/SAE module for a complete list of AEs/SAEs. Any abnormal laboratory test result (hematology, clinical chemistry, or urinalysis) or other safety assessments (e.g., electrocardiograms [ECGs], radiological scans, vital sign measurements), including those that worsen from Baseline, and were felt to be clinically significant in the medical and scientific judgment of the investigator, were recorded as AEs or SAEs. Clinically suspected cases of hypersensitivity to ABC were also SAEs.

  • Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Genotypic and Phenotypic Resistance to DTG and Other Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) [ Time Frame: Baseline through the date the last participant completed Week 16 (a limited number of participants completed the Week 24 and Week 36 visits) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants with treatment-emergent genotypic and phenotypic resistance to integrase inhibitors (INIs), nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), non-nucleoside reverse transctiptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), and protease inhibitors (PIs) was assessed.


Enrollment: 13
Study Start Date: January 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2014
Primary Completion Date: October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Dolutegravir 50mg Once Daily
All subjects will receive 50mg dolutegravir once daily in combination with background antiretroviral therapy consisting of one abacavir/lamivudine fixed dose combination tablet once daily
Drug: Dolutegravir
50mg Once Daily

Detailed Description:

ING116070 is a Phase IIIb single-arm, open-label, multicenter study. The study will be conducted in approximately 14 HIV-1 infected antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve subjects. Subjects who meet all screening requirements may enter the study and initiate treatment as soon as all screening procedures have been completed and results are available and on file. The 14-day screening period may be extended to 28 days to allow receipt of all Screening assessment results and to accommodate scheduling.

Subjects who fulfill eligibility requirements will receive dolutegravir (DTG) 50 mg once daily in combination with the fixed dose dual nucleoside reverse transcripatase inhibitor(NRTI) abacavir/lamivudine ABC/3TC for 96 weeks. One pair of pharmacokinetic (PK) samples in plasma and CSF (matching time) for determination of DTG concentration will be collected at Week 2 and Week 16. Samples for plasma HIV-1 RNA will be collected at Baseline and various time points throughout the study and samples for HIV-1 RNA levels in the CSF will be collected at Baseline, Week 2 and Week 16. Safety, additional measures of antiviral activity and development of viral resistance will also be evlauated. The primary analysis will take place after the last subject completes 16 weeks on therapy; additional analyses will be conducted after the last subject completes Weeks 2 and 96 (end of study).

Subjects are considered to have completed the study if they remain on therapy (i.e., have not permanently discontinued investigational product [IP]) and complete the Treatment Phase, including the Week 96 visit.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infected adults at least 18 years of age. Females are eligible to enter and participate in the study if she is (1) of non-childbearing potential or (2) of childbearing potential with a negative pregnancy test at Screening and Day 1 and agrees to use protocol-defined methods of birthcontrol while on the study.
  • HIV-1 infection as documented by Screening plasma HIV-1 RNA greater than or equal to 5000 copies/mL
  • CD4+ cell count greater than or equal to 200 cells/mm3
  • Antiretroviral-naive (less than or equal to 10 days of prior therapy with any antiretroviral agent following diagnosis of HIV-1 infection)
  • Signed and dated written informed consent is obtained from the subject or the subject's legal representative prior to screening
  • Documentation that the subject has been screened for, and is negative for the HLA-B*5701 allele
  • Is willing to undergo serial lumbar punctures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Relative or absolute contraindication to lumbar puncture, such as current coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia (platelets less than 50,000/microliter), hemophilia, or use of anticoagulant medication
  • Moderate or severe cognitive impairment
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Any evidence of an active Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Category C disease, except cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma not requiring systemic therapy or historic CD4+ cell levels less than 200cells/mm3
  • Subjects with any degree of hepatic impairment
  • Positive for Hepatitis B at screening (+HbsAg), or an anticipated need for Hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy during the study
  • History or presence of allergy or intolerance to the study drugs or their components or drugs of their class
  • History of malignancy within the past 5 years or ongoing malignancy other than cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma, basal cell carcinoma, or resected, non-invasive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma; other localized malignancies require agreement between the investigator and the Study medical monitor for inclusion of the subject
  • Recent history (less than or equal to 3 months) of any upper or lower gastrointestinal bleed, with the exception of anal or rectal bleeding
  • Treatment with an HIV-1 immunotherapeutic vaccine within 90 days of Screening
  • Treatment with any of the following agents within 28 days of Screening: radiation therapy, cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents, any immunomodulators that alter immune responses
  • Treatment with any agent, except recognized ART as allowed above, with documented activity against HIV-1 in vitro within 28 days of first dose of IP
  • Exposure to an experimental drug or experimental vaccine within either 28 days, 5 half-lives of the test agent, or twice the duration of the biological effect of the test agent, whichever is longer, prior to the first dose of IP
  • Any evidence of primary viral resistance based on the presence of any major resistance-associated mutation in the Screening result or, if known, any historical resistance test result. Note: retests of Screening genotypes are not allowed
  • Any verified Grade 4 laboratory abnormality (a single repeat test is allowed during the Screening period to verify a result). Any acute laboratory abnormality at Screening, which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would preclude the subject's participation in the study of an investigational compound is exclusionary
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) greater than 5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • ALT greater than or equal to 3xULN and bilirubin greater than or equal to 1.5xULN (with greater than 35% direct bilirubin)
  • Subject has creatinine clearance of less than 50 mL/min via Cockroft-Gault method
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01499199

Locations
United States, California
GSK Investigational Site
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90069
GSK Investigational Site
San Diego, California, United States, 92103
United States, Rhode Island
GSK Investigational Site
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02906
Sponsors and Collaborators
ViiV Healthcare
Shionogi
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials ViiV Healthcare
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: ViiV Healthcare
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01499199     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 116070
Study First Received: December 15, 2011
Results First Received: August 15, 2013
Last Updated: December 5, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by ViiV Healthcare:
dolutegravir
ART-naive
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
antiretroviral therapy naive
integrase inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Integrase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 09, 2014