GEMOX in Docetaxel-Refractory Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies affecting men all over the World. Metastatic prostate cancer responds to androgen deprivation for a variable period (20-25 months). Prostate cancer that grows despite castrate levels of testosterone and that no longer responds to any form of hormonal manipulation is defined as castrate resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
Docetaxel combined with prednisolone has been shown to not only improve QOL and PSA response in CRPC, but also extend the overall survival1. However, the efficacy of the drug has not been universally effective, and nearly all patients have disease progression after docetaxel treatment.
After failure of a docetaxel regimen, With the exception of cabazitaxel or abiraterone, which are not widely and easily availabe in Korea, little treatment regimen can be applied to the patients with reasonable response and benefits.
Gemcitabine is a nucleoside analog with activity against a broad spectrum of solid tumors. When gemcitabine is used as first-line therapy for CRPC, disease control rate was 33% with median duration of 7.1 months. When it is combined with prednisone and zoledronic acid in pretreated patients with CRPC, the PSA response rate was 23% with a disease control rate of 57% in patients with measurable disease.
Oxaliplatin is newer platinum agent that has favorable toxicity profile and evidence of activity in cisplatin-resistant cell lines. Droz et al. performed a multicenter phase II study in 54 patients with metastatic CRPC who were randomized to receive oxaliplatin either alone or with 5-FU. More than 50% of the patients had received prior chemotherapy including cisplatin. Despite heavy pretreatment, PSA desclines were noted in 11% and 19% of patients in each arm.
Gemcitabine plus oxaliplatin combination was widely studied and has been reported to be safe and effective in various cancers.
This study is to assess the efficacy and safety of GEMOX in docetaxel-refractory CRPC.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Prosepctive Phase II Study of Gemcitabine and Oxaliplatin in Combination With Prednisolone for the Treatment of Hormone Refracotry Metastatic Prostate Cancer Previously Treated With Docetaxel Regimen|
- PSA response [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Based on PCWG 1.0
- PSA decline [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Based on PCWG 2.0
- Time to PSA progression [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Composite progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Based on RECIST, bone scan, and performance status
- RECIST Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Based on RECIST v 1.1
- Safety [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Based on NCI CTCAE v. 4.03
|Study Start Date:||October 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 IV on day 1 every 2 weeks (fixed-dose rate 10 mg/m2/min) Oxaliplatin 100 mg/m2 IV on day 1 every 2 weeks Prednisolone 5 mg twice a day orally daily