Alternative Dosing Strategy of Ruxolitinib in Patients With Myelofibrosis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Incyte Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01445769
First received: September 23, 2011
Last updated: September 16, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an alternative dosing strategy of ruxolitinib in subjects with primary myelofibrosis (PMF), post-polycythemia vera-myelofibrosis (PPV-MF) and post essential thrombocythemia-myelofibrosis (PET-MF) in order to minimize the development of anemia and thrombocytopenia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Primary Myelofibrosis
Post-Polycythemia Vera Myelofibrosis
Post-Essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis
Drug: Ruxolitinib
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-label Assessment of an Alternative Dosing Strategy of Ruxolitinib in Patients With Primary Myelofibrosis, Post-polycythemia Vera Myelofibrosis, and Post-essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Incyte Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Percentage Change From Baseline in Spleen Volume at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spleen volume was measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan. The MRIs were read in the central imaging laboratory. Spleen volume was obtained by outlining the circumference of the organ and determining the volume using the technique of least squares. MRI was the preferred method for obtaining spleen volume data. CT scans were performed if the participant was not a candidate for MRI. The CT scans were processed by the same central laboratory used for MRIs. The same method (MRI or CT) was used for all visits for a given participant unless a new contraindication to the use of MRI (eg, pacemaker insertion) occurred.

  • Median Percent Change From Baseline in Spleen Volume at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spleen volume was measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan. The MRIs were read in the central imaging laboratory. Spleen volume was obtained by outlining the circumference of the organ and determining the volume using the technique of least squares. MRI was the preferred method for obtaining spleen volume data. CT scans were performed if the participant was not a candidate for MRI. The CT scans were processed by the same central laboratory used for MRIs. The same method (MRI or CT) was used for all visits for a given participant unless a new contraindication to the use of MRI (eg, pacemaker insertion) occurred.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Percentage Change From Baseline in the Total Symptom Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Symptoms of myelofibrosis were assessed using a symptom diary, the modified Myelofibrosis Symptom Assessment Form (MFSAF v2.0). Participants were issued a hand-held device to record answers to queries regarding 7 symptoms of myelofibrosis each night from Baseline through Week 24. Symptoms assessed included night sweats, itching, abdominal discomfort, pain under ribs on left, feeling of fullness (early satiety), muscle/bone pain, and inactivity. The daily total symptom score (TSS) was the sum of the first 6 individual symptom scores (each on a scale of 0-10). Inactivity was not included in the total score. The Baseline TSS was the mean of daily total symptom scores from the last 7 consecutive days prior to the first study dose and ranged from 0 to 60. The Week 24 TSS was the mean of the daily total symptom scores from the last 28 consecutive days prior to the Week 24 visit and ranged from 0 to 60. A higher score indicates worse symptoms. A negative change score indicates improvement.

  • Median Percent Change From Baseline in the Total Symptom Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Symptoms of myelofibrosis were assessed using a symptom diary, the modified MFSAF v2.0. Participants were issued a hand-held device to record answers to queries regarding 7 symptoms of myelofibrosis each night from Baseline through Week 24. Symptoms assessed included night sweats, itching, abdominal discomfort, pain under ribs on left, feeling of fullness (early satiety), muscle/bone pain, and inactivity. The daily TSS was the sum of the first 6 individual symptom scores (each on a scale of 0-10). Inactivity was not included in the total score. The Baseline total symptom score was the mean of daily total symptom scores from the last 7 consecutive days prior to the first study dose and ranged from 0 to 60. The Week 24 total symptom score was the mean of the daily total symptom scores from the last 28 consecutive days prior to the Week 24 visit and ranged from 0 to 60. A higher score indicates worse symptoms. A negative change score indicates improvement.

  • Percentage of Participants With a ≥ 35% Reduction From Baseline in Spleen Volume at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spleen volume was measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan. The MRIs were read in the central imaging laboratory. Spleen volume was obtained by outlining the circumference of the organ and determining the volume using the technique of least squares. MRI was the preferred method for obtaining spleen volume data. CT scans were performed if the participant was not a candidate for MRI. The CT scans were processed by the same central laboratory used for MRIs. The same method (MRI or CT) was used for all visits for a given participant unless a new contraindication to the use of MRI (eg, pacemaker insertion) occurred.

  • Percentage of Participants With a ≥ 10% Reduction From Baseline in Spleen Volume at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spleen volume was measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan. The MRIs were read in the central imaging laboratory. Spleen volume was obtained by outlining the circumference of the organ and determining the volume using the technique of least squares. MRI was the preferred method for obtaining spleen volume data. CT scans were performed if the participant was not a candidate for MRI. The CT scans were processed by the same central laboratory used for MRIs. The same method (MRI or CT) was used for all visits for a given participant unless a new contraindication to the use of MRI (eg, pacemaker insertion) occurred.

  • Percentage of Participants With a ≥ 50% Improvement From Baseline in Total Symptom Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Symptoms of myelofibrosis were assessed using a symptom diary, the modified MFSAF v2.0. Participants were issued a hand-held device to record answers to queries regarding 7 symptoms of myelofibrosis each night from Baseline through Week 24. Symptoms assessed included night sweats, itching, abdominal discomfort, pain under ribs on left, feeling of fullness (early satiety), muscle/bone pain, and inactivity. The daily total symptom score was the sum of the first 6 individual symptom scores (each on a scale of 0-10). Inactivity was not included in the total score. The Baseline total symptom score was the mean of daily total symptom scores from the last 7 consecutive days prior to the first study dose and ranged from 0 to 60. The Week 24 total symptom score was the mean of the daily total symptom scores from the last 28 consecutive days prior to the Week 24 visit and ranged from 0 to 60. A higher score indicates worse symptoms. A negative change score indicates improvement.

  • Mean Percentage Change From Baseline in Palpable Spleen Length at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spleen length was assessed by manual palpation. The edge of the spleen was determined by palpation and measured in centimeters, using a soft ruler, from the costal margin to the point of greatest splenic protrusion.

  • Median Percent Change From Baseline in Palpable Spleen Length at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Spleen length was assessed by manual palpation. The edge of the spleen was determined by palpation and measured in centimeters, using a soft ruler, from the costal margin to the point of greatest splenic protrusion.

  • Percentage of Participants With a ≥ 50% Improvement From Baseline in Their Transfusion Status or With New Transfusion Independence Status for Those Participants Who Were Transfusion Dependent at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Transfusion dependence at Baseline is defined as subjects who received ≥ 2 units of red blood cell product(s) in the 12 consecutive weeks prior to the date of first dose.

    Transfusion independence On-Study is defined as subjects who received 0 units of red blood cell products over any 12-week period after starting dosing with ruxolitinib.

    Improvement in transfusion dependence On-Study is defined as a 50% or greater reduction in the frequency of red blood cell transfusions over any 12-week period after starting dosing with ruxolitinib.


  • Percentage of Participants With Clinically Notable Anemia [ Time Frame: Baseline to Weeks 12, 18 and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Clinically Notable Anemia was a pre-specified safety parameter examined at Weeks 12, 18 and 24 and defined as: 1) New onset Grade 3 or higher anemia in subjects who are transfusion independent at Baseline, 2) New onset transfusion dependence in subjects who are transfusion independent at Baseline, defined as receipt of ≥ 2 units in ≤ a 12-week interval, 3) 50% increase in transfusions compared to Baseline in subjects who are transfusion dependent at Baseline.

  • Mean Percentage Change in Abdominal Symptom Scores at Week 24. [ Time Frame: Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Symptoms of myelofibrosis were assessed using a symptom diary, the modified MFSAF v2.0. Participants were issued a hand-held device to record answers to queries regarding 7 symptoms of myelofibrosis each night from Baseline through Week 24. The abdominal symptom score was the sum of 3 individual symptom scores (abdominal discomfort, pain under ribs on left side, and feeling of fullness [early satiety]), each on a scale of 0 to 10. A higher score indicates worse symptoms. A negative change score indicates improvement. The Baseline abdominal symptom score was the mean of daily abdominal symptom scores from the last 7 consecutive days prior to the first study dose and ranged from 0 to 30. The Week 24 abdominal symptom score was the mean of the daily abdominal symptom scores from the last 28 consecutive days prior to the Week 24 visit and ranged from 0 to 30.

  • Median Percentage Change in Abdominal Symptom Scores at Week 24. [ Time Frame: Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Symptoms of myelofibrosis were assessed using a symptom diary, the modified MFSAF v2.0. Participants were issued a hand-held device to record answers to queries regarding 7 symptoms of myelofibrosis each night from Baseline through Week 24. The abdominal symptom score was the sum of 3 individual symptom scores (abdominal discomfort, pain under ribs on left side, and feeling of fullness [early satiety]).

  • Number of Participants With Grade 3 or Grade 4 Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Baseline to the end of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Dose Distribution at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Average Daily Dose for the last 28 days on study.


Enrollment: 45
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: April 2013
Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ruxolitinib
Participants initially received ruxolitinib 10 mg twice a day (bid) for 24 weeks. Dose increases of 5 mg bid were possible at Weeks 12 and 18 up to a maximum dose of 20 mg bid.
Drug: Ruxolitinib
Ruxolitinib was provided as 5 mg tablets. Dose increases were only permitted at wks 12 & 18 for lack of efficacy. Increases were restricted to patients who didn't meet criteria for a dose hold over the prior 6 wks, had a platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L at wk 12 or ≥ 150 x 10^9/L at wk 18, and had a self-reported PGIC score of 3 (minimally improved) to 7 (very much worse) OR the subject's palpable spleen length below the costal margin was reduced by less than 40% relative to Baseline. Dose increases were elective and not required. Subjects were permitted a dose increase of 5 mg BID to 15 mg BID at wk 12 and to a maximum of 20 mg BID at wk 18. The protocol required dose decreases for thrombocytopenia (platelets <100 x 10^9/L) or protocol-defined anemia (decline in hemoglobin of at least 2 g/dL to a level < 8 g/dL, development of transfusion dependence, or a 50% increase in transfusion requirements for transfusion dependent subjects).
Other Names:
  • INCB018424
  • INC424

Detailed Description:

This pilot study was designed to explore an alternative dosing approach with the purpose of reducing anemia and thrombocytopenia. Subjects began dosing at 10 mg bid and had the opportunity for dose increases based on assessments of efficacy and overall hematologic status in a defined prior dosing interval. Dose increases were restricted to those patients who did not meet criteria for or have a dose hold over the prior 6 weeks, had a platelet count ≥100 x 10^9/L at week 12 or ≥150 x 10^9/L at week 18, and had a self-reported Patient's Global Impression of Change (PGIC) score of 3 (minimally improved) to 7 (very much worse) OR the subject's palpable spleen length below the costal margin had been reduced by less than 40% at that visit relative to Baseline. Dose increases were elective and not required. Subjects were permitted a dose increase of 5 mg BID to 15 mg BID at Week 12 and to a maximum of 20 mg BID at Week 18. There were also protocol-required dose decreases for thrombocytopenia (platelets <100 x 10^9/L) or protocol-defined anemia (decline in hemoglobin of at least 2 g/dL to a level < 8 g/dL, development of transfusion dependence, or a 50% increase in transfusion requirements for transfusion dependent subjects).This approach assumed that beginning at a low dose for initial therapy might have a positive impact on the rate of the initial hemoglobin decline and the nadir by decreasing the level of JAK-mediated inhibition of hematopoiesis. Specific dose modifications were described to minimize excursions of hemoglobin levels into the Grade 3 or Grade 4 range.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF), Post-Polycythemia Vera Myelofibrosis (PPV-MF), or Post-Essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis (PET-MF) as confirmed by bone marrow biopsy.
  • Must score at least 2 points on the Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS) scale for prognostic risk factors.
  • Peripheral blast count < 5% at both Screening and Baseline hematology assessments.
  • Must discontinue all drugs used to treat underlying myelofibrosis (MF) disease no later than Day -1 (the day prior to starting ruxolitinib).
  • Must have hemoglobin value ≥ 6.5 g/dL and be willing to receive blood transfusions.
  • Platelet count ≥ 100*10^9/L.
  • Must have a palpable spleen.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inadequate liver or bone marrow reserves, end stage renal disease on dialysis, clinically significant concurrent infections requiring therapy, or unstable cardiac function.
  • Invasive malignancies over the previous 5 years (except treated early stage carcinomas of the skin, completely resected intraepithelial carcinoma of the cervix, and completely resected papillary thyroid and follicular thyroid cancers).
  • Splenic irradiation within 6 months prior to receiving the first dose of study medication.
  • Life expectancy less than 6 months.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01445769

Locations
United States, California
Highland, California, United States
La Jolla, California, United States
Los Angeles, California, United States
United States, Florida
Jacksonville, Florida, United States
Orange City, Florida, United States
Winter Park, Florida, United States
United States, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Augusta, Georgia, United States
United States, Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa, United States
United States, Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
United States, Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Southfield, Michigan, United States
United States, New Jersey
Morristown, New Jersey, United States
United States, New York
Armonk, New York, United States
United States, North Carolina
Hickory, North Carolina, United States
United States, Ohio
Canton, Ohio, United States
United States, Pennsylvania
Hazelton, Pennsylvania, United States
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States
United States, South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States
United States, South Dakota
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States
United States, Texas
San Antonio, Texas, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Incyte Corporation
Investigators
Study Director: William V Williams, MD Incyte Corporation
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Incyte Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01445769     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 18424-261
Study First Received: September 23, 2011
Results First Received: March 31, 2014
Last Updated: September 16, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Incyte Corporation:
Myelofibrosis
Primary Myelofibrosis
PMF
Post-Polycythemia Vera Myelofibrosis
PPV-MF
Post-Essential Thrombocythemia Myelofibrosis
PET-MF
Open label
Ruxolitinib
18424
Jak inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Primary Myelofibrosis
Polycythemia
Polycythemia Vera
Thrombocytosis
Thrombocythemia, Essential
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Blood Platelet Disorders
Blood Coagulation Disorders
Hemorrhagic Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014