Efficacy and Safety of DLBS1425 as Neoadjuvant in Stage II or III Breast Cancer Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dexa Medica Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01433562
First received: September 9, 2011
Last updated: May 10, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
  Purpose

This is a 2-arm, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study aiming to determine the efficacy and safety of DLBS1425 in combination with anthracyclin-based regimen as a neoadjuvant therapy in subjects with previously untreated stage II or III (operable) breast cancer.

The anthracyclin-based regimen in the study will be either CAF/iv and CEF/iv only. The neoadjuvant anthracyclin-based chemotherapy will be given for 3 cycles. The length of each cycle will be 21-28 days.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: DLBS1425
Drug: Placebo DLBS1425
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combination of DLBS1425 With Anthracyclin-based Regimen as a Neoadjuvant Therapy in Subjects With Stage II or III Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Dexa Medica Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical response as measured by RECIST [ Time Frame: 63 - 84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Best overall response rate defined as proportion of subjects with either complete or partial response, according to the RECIST criteria at the end of study.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Rate of clinical response [ Time Frame: 21 - 84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rate of clinical response categorized as complete response, partial response, stable, and progressive disease, which will be evaluated clinically at the end of every cycle

  • Rate of pathological complete response (after surgery) [ Time Frame: 7 - 14 days after the last cycle ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pathological complete response based on histological examination will be assessed after surgery. The surgery itself will be performed within 7 - 14 days after the last cycle.

  • Rate of potential breast-conserving procedure [ Time Frame: 63-84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rate of potential breast-conserving procedure as assessed by mammography, will be evaluated at the end of study.

  • The change level of relevant biomarkers [ Time Frame: 21 - 84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Relevant biomarkers related to breast cancer (CEA, CA-15.3, and serum LDH)will be measured at baseline and at the end of every cycle.

  • Haematology [ Time Frame: 21-84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Haematology parameters (Haemoglobin level, Haematocrit, red blood cell count, white blood cell count as well as its differentials, and platelet count) will be evaluated at baseline and the end of every cycle.

  • Liver Function [ Time Frame: 21-84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Liver function parameters (alkaline phosphatase, ALT, AST, bilirubin levels)will be measured at baseline, and the end of every cycle.

  • Renal Function [ Time Frame: 21-84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Renal Function (serum creatinine and Blood urea nitrogen levels) will be measured at baseline and the end of every cycle.

  • Cardiac function [ Time Frame: 63-84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Cardiac function will be assessed by ECHOcardiography at baseline and the end of study.

  • Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 1 - 84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Adverse events as well as number of subjects experienced the events will be observed and evaluated during the study period (from the first dose of study medication taken (Day 1) till the end of study treatment (Day 63 - Day 84).

  • The improvement of quality of life [ Time Frame: 21 - 84 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The improvement of quality of life of the subjects as measured at baseline and at the end of each treatment cycle, using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G) Questionnaire (FACIT.org)


Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: August 2011
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: DLBS1425 Drug: DLBS1425
DLBS1425 capsule 150 mg thrice daily for 3 cycles @ 21 days. CAF (Cyclophosphamide (500 mg/m2 iv), Doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 iv, Fluorouracil 500 mg/m2 iv) or CEF (Cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 iv, Epirubicin 70 mg/m2 iv, Fluorouracil 500 mg/m2 iv) regimens on Day-1 of every cycle for the total of 3 cycles.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo DLBS1425
Placebo DLBS1425 capsule thrice daily for 3 cycles @ 21 days. CAF (Cyclophosphamide (500 mg/m2 iv), Doxorubicin 50 mg/m2 iv, Fluorouracil 500 mg/m2 iv) or CEF (Cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2 iv, Epirubicin 70 mg/m2 iv, Fluorouracil 500 mg/m2 iv) regimens on Day-1 of every cycle for the total of 3 cycles.

Detailed Description:

The duration of treatment for each subject will be 63 - 84 days (or 3 cycles). The cycle will be initiated at Day-1 (D1 of the 1st cycle). The subsequent cycles will start on Day-22 (D1 of the 2nd cycle) and Day-43 (D1 of the 3rd cycle). DLBS1425 capsules will be administered orally every day (starting from D1 of each cycle) during the study period. All subjects will be under direct supervision of a medical doctor during the study period.

Clinical and laboratory examinations to evaluate investigational drug's efficacy and safety will be performed at baseline and at the end of every cycle over the study course; whilst breast-CT scan will be performed at baseline and at the end of study course.

In addition, at the end of study, at the discretion of Investigator and subjects' own willingness, subjects with good response to treatment (i.e. RECIST and pathological evaluation are regarded as complete or partial response) may continue their breast-cancer therapy with DLBS1425.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Confirmed stage II or III (operable) primary breast cancer
  • Having radiologically evaluable and measurable lesion(s) of the primary tumor
  • Karnofsky performance status 80 %
  • Normal cardiac function: LVEF > 50 %
  • Adequate hematological function: Hb ≥ 10.0 g/dL, WBC ≥ 3,000/mm3, ANC ≥ 1,500 /mm3, platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3
  • Adequate liver function: ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal, total bilirubin level ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Adequate renal function: serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Able to take oral medication

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy or breast feeding subjects
  • History of previous breast cancer (recurrent breast cancer)
  • History of other cancer within the past 5 years
  • Prior systemic treatment for the current breast cancer
  • Prior preoperative topical treatments for the current breast cancer
  • Uncontrolled or serious CVD
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to any of the chemotherapeutic agents used in the study
  • Any other serious disease state or medical condition which judged by investigator could interfere with trial participation or trial evaluation
  • Concurrent herbal (alternative) medicines or food supplements suspected to have effect on breast cancer disease within 14 days prior to screening
  • Severe psychological or neurological disorder or dementia that would preclude understanding of the informed consent
  • Participation in any other clinical studies within 30 days prior to screening
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01433562

Locations
Indonesia
Surgery-Oncology Division, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Airlangga / Dr. Soetomo Hospital
Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia, 60286
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dexa Medica Group
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Heru Purwanto, MD, SpB(K)Onk, MSc. Surgery-Oncology Division, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Airlangga / Dr. Soetomo Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Dexa Medica Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01433562     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DLBS1425-0310
Study First Received: September 9, 2011
Last Updated: May 10, 2013
Health Authority: Indonesia: National Agency of Drug and Food Control

Keywords provided by Dexa Medica Group:
breast cancer
neoadjuvant therapy
Stage II/III

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014