MRI Study of Tic Remission in Tourette Syndrome
Doctors provide a ray of hope to children and their parents with the knowledge that, for most patients, symptoms of Tourette syndrome improve by the time they are young adults. The investigators do not know why some improve and others do not. This study is designed to help answer that question. The investigators will use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques to test whether individuals who experience improvement of their Tourette's (tic remission) have more mature brain connections than those who do not.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Neuroimaging to Elucidate the Mechanism of Tic Resolution in Tourette Syndrome|
- Resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Participants come in for a one-time visit. All participants will be enrolled by July 2012. Data will be analyzed by Sept 2012. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Quantitative measurements of integrated voxel-by-voxel blood oxygen level dependent fMRI time-series data will be compared between activated regions. Cross-correlation coefficients will be computed following band-pass filtering of data for evaluation of frequency-dependent contributions to correlation using standard functional connectivity techniques. Similar correlation analysis will be performed with signal from pulse oximetry and respiratory effort to evaluate for confounding stimulus-correlated physiological noise.
- Magnetic resonance spectroscopy [ Time Frame: Participants come in for a one-time visit. All participants will be enrolled by July 2012. Data will be analyzed by Sept 2012. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]For each subject a central voxel within the anterior cingulate will be used as the region of interest. Peaks for substances of interest will be compared between each cohort.
|Study Start Date:||January 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Non TS Controls|
One of the most interesting aspects of Tourette syndrome is a virtual remission of tics by early adulthood in about half of patients. Information is needed to clarify the mechanism of tic remission in order to guide development of better treatments for this disabling condition. For this cross-sectional study, 10 individuals with tic remission and 10 individuals with persistent Tourette syndrome are being recruited for a one-time study visit. 10 neurologically normal (non-TS) controls have also been recruited to obtain control neuroimaging data. All participants will complete a study questionnaire and a 60-minute MRI procedure. Sequences used to compare the groups will be volumetric, diffusion tensor, resting state functional connectivity MRI and MR spectroscopy. Our primary hypothesis is that the pattern of functional connectivity in individuals with tic remission will be more mature than that of those with persistent tics. Secondary hypotheses tested will explore whether the other modalities can be used to differentiate tic remission from persistent TS.
|Contact: David Shprecher||801-585-9386||David.Shprecher@hsc.utah.edu|
|United States, Utah|
|University of Utah||Recruiting|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84108|
|Contact: David Shprecher, DO 801-581-4543 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: David Shprecher, DO|
|Principal Investigator:||David Shprecher||Neurology|