Impact of Citalopharm and Fluvoxamine on Platelet Response to Clopidogrel
Clopidogrel is a platelets inhibitor that is widely used particularly during and after acute coronary events and coronary interventions. Several studies have shown that some patients are resistant to clopidogrel. The resistance mechanism is not entirely clear, but at least in part it is related to interactions between medications. Clopidogrel is a pro-drug converted in vivo to its active metabolite by CYP2C19 and CYP3A in the liver. Consequently drugs that inhibit the CYP2C19 can affect the production of the active metabolite and cause "clopidogrel resistance". Therefore the FDA has recently published a "safety alert" which recommends avoiding cross treatment with clopidogrel and drugs that are expected to inhibit CYP2C19 (including omeprazole, fluvoxamine, cimetidine, fluconazole and others). Nevertheless there no clear evidence in the literature for clinical relevance of such interactions.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are group of antidepressant drugs that are widely used for treatment of depression and anxiety. SSRIs are considered to be very safe with favorable side effect profile, hence many patient after coronary events who suffers from behavioral and emotional disturbances are treated with those drugs. However there are several reports that SSRIs can inhibit platelet function and increase bleeding tendency particularly in concomitant administration with aspirin. The proposed mechanism is blocking of platelets serotonin reuptake that result in platelet dysfunction.
Fluvoxamine - is a member in the SSRI family and a potent inhibitor of the CYP2C19. Theoretically fluvoxamine should have two conflicting effects on the response to clopidogrel. Pharmacokinetically it is expected to decrease the clopidogrel responsiveness due to inhibition of CYP2C19 and reduction in the production of the active metabolite. On the other hand "pharmacodynamically" fluvoxamine may directly inhibit platelet aggregation due its effect on serotonin reuptake, thus increasing the effect of clopidogrel. Other SSRIs that do not interact with the CYP2C19 such as citalophram are expected to have only pharmocodynamic effect on platelet aggregation.
Although both clopidogrel and SSRIs are widely used in the last decade and concomitant treatment is quite common, no data is available about in influence of the interaction between those drugs on platelet function and on clinical events. The net effect of fluvoxamine and other SSRIs on platelet function in the presence of clopidogrel is not known.
The aim of the investigators study is to assess the effect of two SSRIs fluvoxamine and citalophram on platelet aggregation and to test the effect of these drugs on the laboratory response to clopidogrel, in healthy individuals.
Study design: randomized, double blinded, controlled crossover trial. Primary study end point: Change in % platelet aggregation and VASP phosphorylation after treatment with clopidogrel + fluvoxamine or clopidogrel + citalophram as compared to each drug alone.
Drug Interactions Between Clopidogrel and Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Impact of Citalopharm and Fluvoxamine on Platelet Response to Clopidogrel, a Randomized, Double-blind, Crossover Trial|
- Platelet reactivity in response to clopidogrel [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We will assess response to clopidogrel by two methods: 1. % change in platelet aggregation using light transmission aggregometry with ADP as agonist. 2. % of change in VASP phosphorylation - measure of activation of the platelet P2Y12 receptor (targeted by clopidogrel). The response clopidogrel will be measured after administration of clopidogrel and after co-administration of clopidogrel and each of the study drugs (fluvoxamine and citalophram). Statistical analysis will be performed to assess differences in platelet function between the different drug treatments.
|Study Start Date:||September 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: fluvoxamine||
Fluvoxamine 100mg daily, 7 days
|Active Comparator: citalopharm||
Citalopharm 20mg daily, 7 days