Jail-Based Impact of Crime Intervention (IOC)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
June Tangney, George Mason University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01378936
First received: June 17, 2011
Last updated: May 3, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Impact of Crime (IOC) group intervention with jail inmates reduces post-release recidivism, substance abuse, and HIV risk behavior.


Condition Intervention Phase
Substance Abuse
HIV Risk
Criminogenic Thinking
Shame
Guilt
Empathy
Behavioral: MI plus IOC group intervention
Behavioral: Motivational Interview only
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 RCT of Jail-Based Impact of Crime Intervention to Reduce Recidivism, Substance Abuse and HIV Risk Behavior

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by George Mason University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recidivism - Self report of arrests and undetected crimes [ Time Frame: 3 months post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recidivism - Self report of arrests and undetected crimes [ Time Frame: 1 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recidivism - Self report of arrests and undetected crimes [ Time Frame: 3 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recidivism - Self report of arrests and undetected crimes [ Time Frame: 5 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recidivism -- official FBI records of arrests [ Time Frame: 1 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recidivism -- official FBI records of arrests [ Time Frame: 3 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Recidivism -- official FBI records of arrests [ Time Frame: 5 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in self-reported shame-proneness from baseline [ Time Frame: changes from baseline to post tx and 3 mo, 1 yr, 3yr and 5 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes in self-reported guilt proneness from baseline [ Time Frame: changes from baseline to post tx, and 3 mo, 1 yr, 3 yr, 5 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes from self-reported empathy from baseline [ Time Frame: changes from baseline to post tx, 3 mo, 1 yr, 3 yr, 5 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes from self-reported criminogenic thinking at baseline [ Time Frame: changes from baseline to post tx, and 3 mo, 1 yr, 3 yr, 5 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes in self-reported substance use and dependence from 1 yr pre-incarceration [ Time Frame: changes from pre-incarceration to 3 mo, 1 yr, 3 yr, 5 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Changes in self-reported HIV risk behavior (sex and IDU) from 1 year pre-incarceration [ Time Frame: changes from pre-incarceration to 3 mo, 1 yr, 3 yr, 5 yr post-release ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: August 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: MI plus IOC group intervention Behavioral: MI plus IOC group intervention
45 minute Motivational Interview plus 16 session IOC intervention
Other Name: Impact of Crime
Experimental: Motivational Interview only Behavioral: Motivational Interview only
45 minute Motivational Interview session

Detailed Description:

This project imports social-personality theory and research on moral emotions and cognitions to the applied problems of crime, substance abuse, and HIV risk behavior. The primary aim of this study, a Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial (RCT) of the restorative justice-inspired Impact of Crime (IOC) group intervention, is to examine the efficacy of treatment and to determine if changes in moral emotions and cognitions serve as mechanisms of action, explaining the impact of treatment involvement on reductions in post-release recidivism, substance abuse, and HIV risk behavior.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be 18 years or older
  • Must be male
  • Must be currently incarcerated jail inmate
  • Must be sentenced
  • Sentence must be short enough to serve out sentence at ADC
  • Release date must follow projected final session of treatment
  • Must speak, read, and write in English with sufficient proficiency to use workbook and participate in group sessions
  • Must be assigned to the jail's "general population"

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Actively psychotic
  • Assigned "keep separate" from other group members
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01378936

Locations
United States, Virginia
Fairfax County Adult Detention Center
Fairfax, Virginia, United States, 22030
Sponsors and Collaborators
George Mason University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: June P Tangney, Ph.D. George Mason University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: June Tangney, Professor, George Mason University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01378936     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01DA014694-11, R01DA014694
Study First Received: June 17, 2011
Last Updated: May 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by George Mason University:
criminal behavior
substance abuse
HIV risk behavior
criminogenic thinking
shame
guilt
empathy
jail inmates
restorative justice
crime

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014