Spatial Epidemiology of HIV Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01377272
First received: October 22, 2008
Last updated: July 1, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
  Purpose

Data will be extracted from the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) medical records database, geocoded according to the street address so that the case number, incidence, etc could be mapped. The spatial data would be used to detect the aggregation of HIV cases, existence of "hot spots" and then determine if they may merit further investigation or may have occurred by chance. The results from these GIS-based analyses would address local variations in HIV prevalence and transmission.


Condition
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Spatial Epidemiology of HIV Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Enrollment: 1264
Study Start Date: October 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

The transmission routes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are well known and many control programs focusing on risk groups and behavior have been undertaken. However, the risk factors of HIV transmission are not only at individual level (eg: demographic, behavior, and genetic risk factors), socioeconomic and environmental factors also take important roles. In Taiwan, few researches explored the spatial distribution of HIV infection. Studies in other countries observed a significant geographic variation in HIV infection. To understand the spatial pattern of HIV infection in depth, the present study aims to retrospectively investigate the epidemiological and geographic characteristics of HIV infection using the medical records database of National Taiwan University Hospital. A Geographic information system (GIS) and spatial statistics will be used to analyze the geographic patterns to determine whether spatial dispersion or clustering. There are two aims of this study. One is to investigate the epidemiology of HIV infection in Taipei City. The second is to analyze the spatial characterizes of HIV infection, including disease mapping, geographic correlation studies, and identifying the presence of HIV clusters and their potential spatial risk factors. In addition, we want to examine whether there are different distributions between different classificatory groups. Finally, we hope that our findings would give some direction for local health and policy planners to improve the HIV intervention and prevention strategies

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

NTUH patients

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV/AIDS patients of NTUH

Exclusion Criteria:

  • HIV/AIDS patient whose address cannot be geocoded
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01377272

Locations
Taiwan
Institute of Epidemiology, National Taiwan University
Taipei, Taiwan
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Investigators
Study Director: Chi-Tai Fang, ph.D Institute of Epidemiology, National Taiwan University
Study Director: Tzai-Hung Wen, ph.D Institute of Epidemiology, National Taiwan University
Principal Investigator: Ann-Chi Yang, bechelor Institute of Epidemiology, National Taiwan University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Institute of Epidemiology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01377272     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200808048R
Study First Received: October 22, 2008
Last Updated: July 1, 2011
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
HIV/AIDS
spatial epidemiology
geographic information system
HIV-infection/Aids

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014