Juvenile Justice Girls Randomized Control Trial: Young Adult Follow-up

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Leslie D. Leve, Oregon Social Learning Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01341626
First received: April 6, 2011
Last updated: January 2, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

This study is a young adult follow-up of 166 females who originally participated in an RCT during adolescence due to their involvement in the juvenile justice system.


Condition Intervention Phase
Delinquency
Drug Use
Behavioral: Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC)
Behavioral: Group Care
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Juvenile Justice Girls: Pathways to Adjustment and System Use in Young Adulthood

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Oregon Social Learning Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Delinquency [ Time Frame: Months 12, 24, 36, and young adulthood (ave. of 7 year follow-up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured as self-reported criminal activity and count of official arrests and criminal referrals

  • substance use [ Time Frame: Months 12, 24, 36 and young adulthood (ave. of 7-year follow-up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured via self-reported use and diagnostic interview assessment


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • HIV risk behavior [ Time Frame: Months 12, 24, 36 and young adulthood (ave. of 7-year follow-up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured as self-reported engagement in sexual behaviors

  • economic costs [ Time Frame: young adulthood (age 18-28; average of 7-year follow-up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured by comparing the costs of intervention delivery relative to the two intervention programs relative to costs incurred through time in detention, jail, and prison; relative to costs incurred due to child welfare involvement; and relative to symptom counts on self-report inventories.

  • Depression [ Time Frame: Months 6, 12, 18, 24 and Young Adult (average 7 year follow-up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured on the CESD depression inventory and the Brief Symptom Inventory, and via diagnostic interview


Enrollment: 166
Study Start Date: January 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Multidimensional treatment Foster Care
Youth are placed individually in well-trained and supervised foster homes. Basic components include: (a) daily telephone contact with MTFC parents using the Parent Daily Report; (b) weekly foster parent group meetings focused on supervision, training in parenting practices, and support; (c) an individualized behavior management program implemented daily in the home by foster parent; (d) individualized skills training for the youth; (e) family therapy for aftercare family focused on parent management strategies; (f) close monitoring of school attendance, performance, and homework completion; (g) case management to coordinate MTFC, family, peer, and school settings; (h) 24-hour on-call staff availability to MTFC and biological parents; and (i) psychiatric consultation.
Behavioral: Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC)
Youth placed individually in well-trained and supervised foster homes. Basic components: (a) daily telephone contact with MTFC parents; (b) weekly foster parent group meetings focused on supervision, training in parenting practices, and support; (c) an individualized behavior management program implemented daily in the home by foster parent; (d) individualized skills training for the youth; (e) family therapy for aftercare family focused on parent management strategies; (f) close monitoring of school attendance, performance, and homework completion; (g) case management to coordinate MTFC, family, peer, and school settings; (h) 24-hour on-call staff availability to MTFC and biological parents; and (i) psychiatric consultation. Services typically last approximately 6 months.
Active Comparator: Group Care
Group Care is the usual service for youth placed in out-of-home care for chronic delinquency in Oregon. These programs represented typical services for girls being referred to out-of-home care by the juvenile justice system and had 2-51 youth in residence (M = 21) and 1-50 staff members (Mdn = 2); most also had onsite schooling. Although the programs differed somewhat in theoretical orientations, 86% reported that they endorsed a specific treatment model, of which the primary philosophy was a behavioral (70%), eclectic (26%), or family-style therapeutic approach (4%).
Behavioral: Group Care
Group Care is the usual service for youth placed in out-of-home care for chronic delinquency in Oregon. These programs represented typical services for girls being referred to out-of-home care by the juvenile justice system and had 2-51 youth in residence (M = 21) and 1-50 staff members (Mdn = 2); most also had onsite schooling. Although the programs differed somewhat in theoretical orientations, 86% reported that they endorsed a specific treatment model, of which the primary philosophy was a behavioral (70%), eclectic (26%), or family-style therapeutic approach (4%). Services typically last approximately 6 months.

Detailed Description:

Females under age 18 years old are the fastest-growing segment of the juvenile justice population and are at risk for negative co-occurring outcomes including drug abuse, HIV/STI risk, criminal behavior, and educational failure. As they enter young adulthood, this constellation of behaviors puts them at heightened risk for early parenthood and subsequent involvement in the child welfare system (for their parenting behaviors) and the adult corrections system (for criminal behaviors). Such system involvement is costly, and its prevention would be of great significance to public health; however, very little is known about factors leading to females' success/failure in young adulthood and factors that might prevent involvement in these two public systems. This study aims to further our understanding of the pathways to and the prevention of HIV/STI risk, drug use, and child welfare and adult corrections involvement by following-up 166 women who participated in two randomized intervention trials aimed at reducing delinquency during adolescence. In the original studies, juvenile justice girls who had been referred for out-of-home placement due to chronic delinquency were randomly assigned to services as usual or to Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC). Efficacy of the MTFC intervention with this sample has been shown at 12- and 24-month follow-ups on criminal referral rates, days spent in locked settings, deviant peer associations, educational engagement, and pregnancy prevention. The investigators propose to examine the developmental pathways for these juvenile justice girls into young adulthood (ages 21-28 years) using innovative data collection and data analytic techniques, with foci on the long-term effects of MTFC, the mediators of young adult adjustment and child welfare/corrections involvement, and the cost effectiveness and cost avoidance of MTFC on these outcomes. The overarching aim is to identify potential targets for subsequent intervention. One in-person assessment is proposed with each female and her current romantic partner (if she has one); in addition, telephone interviews will be conducted every 6 months for the duration of the study, and system data from child welfare and adult corrections will be collected.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • female
  • 13-17 years old
  • at least one criminal referral in the prior year
  • court-mandated placement in out-of-home care

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently pregnant
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01341626

Locations
United States, Oregon
Oregon Social Learning Center
Eugene, Oregon, United States, 97401
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oregon Social Learning Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Leslie Leve, PhD Oregon Social Learning Center
  More Information

Publications:
Leve LD, Kerr DCR, & Harold GT, Young adult outcomes associated with teen pregnancy among high-risk girls in a randomized controlled trial of Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 22:421-434, 2013. NIHMSID: 336444

Responsible Party: Leslie D. Leve, Study Principal Investigator, Oregon Social Learning Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01341626     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01 DA024672, R01DA015208, R01MH054257-01, R03MH091611
Study First Received: April 6, 2011
Last Updated: January 2, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Oregon Social Learning Center:
delinquency
drug use
HIV risk behavior
economic costs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 30, 2014