Pharmacokinetic Study of Raltegravir in Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Hepatitis C Virus (HIV/VHC) Coinfected Patients With Advanced (Child-Pugh C) Hepatic Cirrhosis (LIVERAL)
Raltegravir is the first integrase inhibitor used in humans. It has been shown to be highly efficacious and well tolerated in phase III clinical trials in multidrug experienced human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-infected patients, as well as initial therapy in untreated patients. Pharmacokinetic studies in healthy adult subjects indicate that the major mechanism of clearance of the drug is glucuronidation mediated by UGT1A1, with a minor contribution of renal excretion of unchanged parent compound. Unlike CYP-based metabolism, glucuronidation is generally found to be relatively unaffected by hepatic disease. A single dose pharmacokinetic study of raltegravir in patients with mild to moderate hepatic insufficiency (Steigbigel et al. 2008) found no clinically important effect on the drug pharmacokinetic profile, with no dosage adjustment being necessary. The liver safety and tolerability of boosted atazanavir (ATV/r) has been evaluated in human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV) coinfected patients with advanced liver disease (decompensated cirrhosis) (Hermida JM et al. 4th IAS: Sidney, 2007). Similar to Raltegravir, ATV is also mainly metabolized by conjugation through UGT1A1. There is an urgent need for potent and efficacious ARV drugs with a clean safety liver profile even in patients with severe liver disease. The investigators hypothesized that pharmacokinetics will not be altered in HIV/HCV patients with advanced (Child-Pugh grade C) cirrhosis or in those with no histologic liver damage.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Drug: Raltegravir 400 mg/12hours
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase I, Open Label, Unicentric Study of Multiple-dose Pharmacokinetics of Raltegravir in Patients Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis C Virus With and Without Advanced (Child-Pugh C) Hepatic Cirrhosis.|
- The area under the curve (AUC0-12) calculated from plasma concentrations, the maximum concentration (Cmax) and the the minimum concentration (Cmin) of Raltegravir 400 mg/12 hours in the steady state for both arms. [ Time Frame: On the fifth day of treatment with raltegravir ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]On the fifth day of treatment, patient will be hospitalized in the clinical trial unit in order to obtaine plasma concentrations previous to the administration of the corresponding dose (basal) and at the following times post-administration: 30min, 1h, 1h30min, 2h, 3h, 4h, 6h, 8h, and 12h. With these measures, (AUC0-12), Cmax and Cmin will be calculated in order to describe the pharmacokinetic of Raltegravir 400 mgBID in the steady state in both arms
- Change from baseline in hematology and biochemistry parameters at day 5 and 15, number of adverse events (serious and non serious) notified and number of patients who discontinue the study (drop-out rate). [ Time Frame: On day 1, 5 and 15 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Hematology and biochemistry parameters, adverse events notified during the study and drop-out rate will be recorded in order to evaluate the safety and tolerability of multiple doses of raltegravir in HIV/HCV coinfected patients, with no liver damage and with advanced cirrhosis.
|Study Start Date:||December 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Patients with Child-Pugh C hepatic-cirrhosis.
VIH/VHC coinfected patients with advanced (Child-Pugh C) hepatic cirrhosis.
|Drug: Raltegravir 400 mg/12hours|
|Active Comparator: VIH/VHC coinfected patients without liver damage.||Drug: Raltegravir 400 mg/12hours|
|Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal.|
|Madrid, Spain, 28034|
|Principal Investigator:||Santiago Moreno Guillen, MD||Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. Madrid|