Validation of an Environmental Exposure Chamber for Inhalation Studies With House Dust Mite Allergen in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Fraunhofer-Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01275456
First received: January 10, 2011
Last updated: July 4, 2011
Last verified: July 2011
  Purpose

This clinical validation study is aimed at testing the efficacy of a new environmental challenge chamber (ECC) to induce symptoms of allergic rhinitis in patients allergic to house dust mite. The symptoms will be recorded on a validated symptom score as Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS), allowing for determine whether the challenge is dose dependent and reproducible.


Condition Intervention
Allergy to House Dust Mite
Procedure: Exposure to house dust mite

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Validation of an Environmental Exposure Chamber for Inhalation Studies With House Dust Mite Allergen in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis

Further study details as provided by Fraunhofer-Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Total nasal symptom score (TNSS) [ Time Frame: During 4 hours of challenge ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess the effect of a 4 hour-environmental allergen challenge with house dust mite extract in an ECC on the total nasal symptom score (TNSS), defined as the sum of obstruction, rhinorrhea, itch, and sneeze, each of which has been scored on a scale from 0 to 3.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Rhinomanometry [ Time Frame: During 4 hours of challenge ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess the effect of a 4-hour-environmental allergen challenge with house dust mite extract.

  • visual analogue scale (VAS) for total nasal symptoms [ Time Frame: During 4 hours of challenge ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess the effect of a 4-hour-environmental allergen challenge with house dust mite extract

  • Nasal secretion [ Time Frame: during 4 hours of challenge ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess the effect of a 4-hour-environmental allergen challenge with house dust mite extract.

  • Exhaled Nitric Oxide (NO) [ Time Frame: during and up to 24 hours after challenge ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess the effect of a 4-hour-environmental allergen challenge with house dust mite extract.

  • FEV1 [ Time Frame: during and up to 24 hours after challenge ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To assess the effect of a 4-hour-environmental allergen challenge with house dust mite extract.


Estimated Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: January 2011
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Procedure: Exposure to house dust mite
    0 SQE/qm for 4 hours 250 SQE/qm for 4 hours 500 SQE/qm for 4 hours 1000 SQE/qm for 4 hours
Detailed Description:

At Fraunhofer ITEM, a novel technique to create an atmosphere loaded with allergenic particles was recently developed. In brief, particles are produced in a combined process of nebulization and drying of a solution containing soluble allergenic extracts and lactose. The particle size distribution is regulated by the droplet size distribution and the lactose concentration in the solution, while the allergen content can be chosen independently. Thus, the Fraunhofer scientists have created a universal tool which provides them with the possibility to create atmospheres containing allergenic particles of arbitrary sizes containing a variety of different allergens. By choosing particle sizes preferentially depositing in the nose (above 10 µm) or the lungs (5 to 10 µm), and selecting allergen concentrations commonly found in the environment, it is possible to build up challenge atmospheres for a large variety of indications.

The first clinical application of this new method will be to create an atmosphere simulating the natural exposure to house dust mite allergens. The challenge aerosol will be composed of lactose as carrier material and the two major allergens Der p1 and Der p2 of house dust mites originating from a licenced allergen extract for inhaled challenge.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female subjects aged 18-55 years.
  • Non smokers or ex-smokers with a history of less than 10 pack years, having been nonsmokers for at least the last 12 months.
  • History of allergic rhinitis to house dust mite. Subjects with mild intermittent asthma that is controlled with occasional use of as-needed short-acting beta-agonists may be included.
  • Normal lung function (FEV1 ≥ 80 % pred)
  • Positive skin prick test for dermatophagoides pteronyssinus.
  • Able and willing to give written informed consent to take part in the study.
  • Available to complete all study measurements.
  • Women will be considered for inclusion if they are:

    • Not pregnant, as confirmed by pregnancy test (see flow chart) and not nursing.
    • Of non-child bearing potential (i.e. physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant, including any female who is pre-menarchial or post-menopausal, with documented proof of hysterectomy or tubal ligation, or meet clinical criteria for menopause and has been amenorrhoeic for more than 1 year prior to the screening visit).
    • Of childbearing potential and using a highly effective method of contraception during the entire study (vasectomised partner, sexual abstinence - the lifestyle of the female should be such that there is complete abstinence from intercourse from two weeks prior to the first dose of study medication until at least 72 hours after treatment -, implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, hormonal IUDs or double-barrier methods, i.e. any double combination of IUD, condom with spermicidal gel, diaphragm, sponge, and cervical cap).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of a respiratory tract infection and/or exacerbation of asthma within 4 weeks before the screening.
  • Any history of life-threatening asthma, defined as an asthma episode that required intubation and/or was associated with hypercapnea, respiratory arrest or hypoxic seizures.
  • Administration of oral, injectable or dermal corticosteroids within 8 weeks or intranasal and/or inhaled corticosteroids 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Past or present disease, which as judged by the investigator, may affect the outcome of this study. These diseases include, but are not limited to, cardiovascular disease, malignancy, hepatic disease, renal disease, hematological disease, neurological disease, endocrine disease or pulmonary disease (including but not confined to chronic bronchitis, emphysema, tuberculosis, bronchiectasis or cystic fibrosis).
  • Any structural nasal abnormalities or nasal polyps on examination, history of frequent nose bleeding or recent nasal surgery.
  • Conditions or factors, which would make the subject unlikely to be able to stay in the Fraunhofer ECC for four to six hours.
  • Specific Immunotherapy (SIT) within the last two years prior to screening.
  • Risk of non-compliance with study procedures.
  • Participation in another clinical trial 30 days prior to enrolment.
  • Any contraindication for adrenalin use (e.g. use of local and systemic beta-blockers)
  • Intolerance to any excipients especially lactose and/or milk products
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01275456

Locations
Germany
Fraunhofer-Institute for Toxicology and Experimental Medicine
Hannover, Germany, 30625
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fraunhofer-Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Prof. Dr. Jens Hohlfeld, Fraunhofer-Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01275456     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09/01 Valex1
Study First Received: January 10, 2011
Last Updated: July 4, 2011
Health Authority: Germany: Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Federal Agency for Sera and Vaccines

Keywords provided by Fraunhofer-Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine:
allergen provocation
environmental challenge
allergen chamber
house dust mite
immunotherapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rhinitis
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014