IMPAACT P1080: Psychiatric and Antiretroviral Medication Concentrations in HIV-infected and Uninfected Children and Adolescents

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified October 2014 by International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01232361
First received: October 29, 2010
Last updated: October 8, 2014
Last verified: October 2014
  Purpose

The main purpose of this study is to find out how stimulant medications (methylphenidate or amphetamine/ dextroamphetamine) for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)are processed in HIV-1 infected and HIV-uninfected children and adolescents.


Condition
ADHD
HIV

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: IMPAACT P1080: Psychiatric and Antiretroviral Medication Concentrations in HIV-infected and Uninfected Children and Adolescents

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Estimation of steady-state oral clearance (Cl/F) for each psychiatric study medication is the primary outcome. [ Time Frame: duration of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Additional pharmacokinetic parameters [area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), apparent volume of distribution (Vd/F), half-life (t½), pre-dose concentration (Cpre), maximum concentration (Cmax), corresponding time of maximum concentration (Tmax), elimination rate constant (ke), and between and within-subject variability] for the selected psychiatric medications in HIV-1 infected and uninfected children and adolescents will also be determined.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Non-viable PBMC pellets for DNA genotypic analysis


Estimated Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: September 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Methylphenidate

Subjects will be stratified by medication, HIV status and HIV antiretroviral therapy as follows:

Stratum A - 15 HIV uninfected subjects; Stratum B - 15 HIV-1 infected subjects who are taking concomitant (prescribed) efavirenz; Stratum C - 15 HIV-1 infected subjects who are taking a (prescribed) protease inhibitor (PI)* with concomitant ritonavir (at boosting doses) or lopinavir/ritonavir.

*PI may be any of the following: atazanavir, darunavir, fosamprenavir, indinavir, saquinavir or tipranavir

Amphetamine / dextroamphetamine

Subjects will be stratified by medication, HIV status and HIV antiretroviral therapy as follows:

Stratum A - 15 HIV uninfected subjects; Stratum B - 15 HIV-1 infected subjects who are taking concomitant (prescribed) efavirenz; Stratum C - 15 HIV-1 infected subjects who are taking a (prescribed) protease inhibitor (PI)* with concomitant ritonavir (at boosting doses) or lopinavir/ritonavir.

*PI may be any of the following: atazanavir, darunavir, fosamprenavir, indinavir, saquinavir or tipranavir


Detailed Description:

P1080 is a pilot population pharmacokinetic study of HIV-1 infected and uninfected children and adolescents who are taking methylphenidate or amphetamine/ dextroamphetamine for the treatment of ADHD. Prescribing various psychiatric medications in combination with antiretroviral regimens is a standard clinical practice occurring without adequate evidence regarding benefits and risks. The goals of this study are to determine plasma concentrations of psychiatric and antiretroviral medications in children and adolescents. Psychiatric medication dose requirement and exposure in HIV-1 infected subjects will be compared to that seen in uninfected children and adolescents, and antiretroviral exposure will be compared to published studies in children and adolescents.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 25 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

HIV-1 infected and uninfected children and adolescents ages ≥6 to <25 years who are currently receiving methylphenidate or amphetamine/dextroamphetamine for treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for HIV-1 Infected Subjects

  • Children and adolescents age ≥6 to <25 years at entry.
  • Documented HIV-1 infection defined as positive test results obtained from 2 different samples. Tests may include two of the same type OR two different types of tests listed below, as long as they are positive test results obtained from the 2 different samples:

    • HIV-1 DNA PCR
    • HIV-1 culture
    • HIV-1 RNA PCR > 5,000 copies/mL
    • HIV-1 p24 antigen detection
    • HIV-1 antibody test (any licensed ELISA test kit, and confirmation by either serum HIV-1 antigen test, HIV-1 antibody test done by a method that is not an ELISA, Western blot, or plasma HIV-1 RNA)
  • Subject must be taking antiretroviral medications for clinical care for at least 4 weeks prior to pharmacokinetic sampling, with no changes in drugs, doses or formulations.
  • Subject must be taking either efavirenz (EFV) OR a PI with ritonavir (RTV) OR lopinavir/ritonavir as part of combination antiretroviral therapy. Note that RTV dosing must be as a "booster" for the protease inhibitor. Protease inhibitors may be any of the following: atazanavir, darunavir, fosamprenavir, indinavir, saquinavir or tipranavir. Subjects may not be taking more than one full-dose PI. Subjects may not be taking EFV in addition to lopinavir/ritonavir or other PI.
  • Subject must be taking methylphenidate or amphetamine/ dextroamphetamine for treatment of ADHD for at least 1 week prior to enrollment.

    • Allowable methylphenidate formulations include: immediate-release (Methylin, Ritalin or other generic, Focalin), sustained-release (Ritalin SR, Metadate ER or generic), or biphasic (Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Concerta, Focalin XR).
    • Allowable formulations for amphetamine/ dextroamphetamine include: Adderall, Adderall XR, Dexedrine, Liquadd, and Dexedrine Spansules(and any generic equivalents).
    • For both study arms, any dose up to the maximum FDA-approved dose by age will be allowed.
  • Subjects must be able to come in for PK sampling after at least 2 days of consecutive, uninterrupted psychiatric and antiretroviral medication delivery.
  • Parent/primary caregiver, subjects >18 years or emancipated minors must be able and willing to provide signed informed consent. Assent of the minor subject should be obtained where required per site procedures and IRB recommendations.
  • Female subjects of reproductive potential (having reached menses, or not having reached menopause or not having undergone hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal ligation) who engage in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy must agree to avoid pregnancy during the entire trial and to consistently and appropriately use at least two of the following contraception methods: condoms, diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide, IUD, hormonal-based contraception. A list of acceptable methods can be found at the FDA Birth Control Guide (http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/1997/babyguide.pdf).

    • Note: "Female subjects of reproductive potential" is defined as girls who have reached menarche or women who have not been post-menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (e.g. who have had menses within the preceding 24 months), or have not undergone a sterilization procedure (hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or salpingotomy). If the female subject is not of reproductive potential, she is eligible without requiring contraception.

Inclusion Criteria for HIV Uninfected Subjects

  • Children and adolescents age ≥6 to <25 years at entry.
  • Subject is not known to be HIV-1 infected.

    • Note: For perinatally-exposed subjects, definitive exclusion of HIV-1 infection in a non-breastfed infant is based on two or more negative virologic tests, with one obtained at age ≥1 month and one at ≥4 months, or two negative HIV-1 antibody tests from separate specimens obtained at age ≥6 months. Per current CDC guidelines, uninfected subjects ≥13 years will be screened for HIV-1. A documented negative HIV-1 antibody screening test or negative HIV-1 RNA or DNA PCR within the past year will be accepted to fulfill this criterion.
  • Subject must be taking methylphenidate or amphetamine/ dextroamphetamine for treatment of ADHD for at least one week prior to enrollment.

    • Allowable methylphenidate formulations include: immediate-release (Methylin, Ritalin or other generic, Focalin), sustained-release (Methylin ER, Ritalin SR, Metadate ER or generic), or biphasic (Ritalin LA, Metadate CD, Concerta and Focalin XR.
    • Allowable formulations for amphetamine/ dextroamphetamine include: Adderall, Adderall XR, Dexedrine, Liquadd, and Dexedrine Spansules (and any generic equivalents).
    • For both arms, any dose up to the maximum FDA-approved dose by age will be allowed.
  • Subjects must be able to come in for PK sampling after at least 2 days of consecutive, uninterrupted psychiatric medication delivery.
  • Parent/primary caregiver, subjects >18 years or emancipated minors must be able and willing to provide signed informed consent. Assent of the minor subject should be obtained where required per site procedures and IRB recommendations.
  • Female subjects of child bearing potential (having reached menses, or not having reached menopause or not having undergone hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, or tubal ligation) who engage in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy must agree to avoid pregnancy during the entire trial and to consistently and appropriately use at least two of the following contraception methods: condoms, diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide, IUD, hormonal-based contraception. A list of acceptable methods can be found at the FDA Birth Control Guide (http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/1997/babyguide.pdf).

    • Note: "Female subjects of child bearing potential" is defined as girls who have reached menarche or women who have not been post-menopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (e.g. who have had menses within the preceding 24 months), or have not undergone a sterilization procedure (hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or salpingotomy). If the female subject is not of child bearing potential, she is eligible without requiring contraception.

Exclusion Criteria for All Study Subjects

  • A positive urine test at screening for use of the following disallowed drugs: methamphetamine; methadone, barbiturates; benzodiazepines; opiates; phencyclidine; or propoxyphene.

    • Note: If propoxyphene is not part of the routine screening panel at the site, it is not required. If propoxyphene is part of the routine screening panel at the site, the results should be recorded on the appropriate CRF.
  • Chemotherapy for malignancy within three months prior to study screening.
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding an infant.
  • Any clinically significant diseases (other than HIV-1 infection) or clinically significant findings during the screening medical history or physical examination that, in the investigator's opinion, would compromise the outcome of this study.
  • Study drugs prescribed above the FDA-recommended maximum dose by age.
  • Known or demonstrated hypersensitivity or intolerance to Dextromethorphan.
  • Subjects taking a disallowed medication.
  • For HIV-1 Infected Subjects Only: Presence of an active CDC Stage C (per 1994 Revised Classification System for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Children Less Than 13 Years of Age, or 1993 Revised Classification System for HIV Infection Among Adolescents and Adults) opportunistic infection or serious bacterial infection requiring therapy within two weeks prior to screening.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01232361

Contacts
Contact: Megan Valentine, PA 919-544-7040 ext 11186 mvalentine@fhi360.org

  Show 31 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Brookie Best, MD University of California, San Diego/IMPAACT
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01232361     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IMPAACT P1080
Study First Received: October 29, 2010
Last Updated: October 8, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group:
ADHD
HIV
Pharmacokinetics

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 30, 2014