A Safety and Efficacy Study of Oral MDV3100 in Chemotherapy-Naive Patients With Progressive Metastatic Prostate Cancer (PREVAIL)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Astellas Pharma Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medivation, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01212991
First received: September 29, 2010
Last updated: October 8, 2014
Last verified: October 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the benefit of enzalutamide versus placebo as assessed by overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with progressive metastatic prostate cancer who have failed androgen deprivation therapy but not yet received chemotherapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Drug: Enzalutamide
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multinational Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Efficacy and Safety Study of Oral MDV3100 in Chemotherapy-Naive Patients With Progressive Metastatic Prostate Cancer Who Have Failed Androgen Deprivation Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Medivation, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: During study period (up to 3 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. For patients who were alive at the time of the analysis data cutoff, overall survival was censored at the last date the patient was known to be alive or analysis data cutoff date, whichever was first. This included patients who were known to have died after the data analysis cutoff date. Patients with no post-baseline survival information were censored on the date of randomization.

  • Radiographic Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: During study period (up to 20 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Radiographic progression-free survival was defined as the time from randomization to the first objective evidence of radiographic disease progression assessed by independent central radiology review or death due to any cause within 168 days after treatment discontinuation, whichever was first. Radiographic disease progression was evaluated by CT scan or MRI and radionuclide bone scans at regularly scheduled visits. Radiographic disease progression in bone required a confirmatory scan. Radiographic disease progression in soft tissue did not require a confirmatory scan for purposes of analysis. Radiographic disease progression was evaluated by independent central radiology review using RECIST 1.1 for soft tissue disease and PCWG2 guidelines for bone disease. Patients who did not reach the endpoint were censored at their last assessment.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to First Skeletal-related Event [ Time Frame: During study period (up to 3 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to first skeletal-related event was defined as the time from randomization to the date of the first occurrence of a skeletal-related event for each patient. A skeletal-related event was defined as radiation therapy or surgery to bone for prostate cancer, pathological bone fracture, spinal cord compression, or initiation/change in antineoplastic therapy to treat bone pain from prostate cancer. Skeletal-related events were recorded at each scheduled and unscheduled study visit and during long-term follow-up if a skeletal-related event was not documented previously. Patients who did not have a skeletal-related event at the time of the analysis data cutoff were censored at the date of last assessment indicating no evidence of skeletal-related event. Patients with no postbaseline assessments were censored on the date of randomization.

  • Time to Initiation of Cytotoxic Chemotherapy [ Time Frame: During study period (up to 3 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The time to initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy is defined as the time from randomization to the date of initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer for each patient. For patients who did not start cytotoxic chemotherapy at the time of the analysis data cutoff, time to initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy was censored at the date of last assessment where no cytotoxic chemotherapy was indicated or at the analysis data cutoff date, whichever was first. Time to initiation of cytotoxic chemotherapy for patients with no postbaseline assessments was censored on the date of randomization.

  • Time to Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA) Progression [ Time Frame: During study period (up to 3 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to PSA progression was defined as the time from randomization to date of first confirmed observation of PSA progression for each patient. For patients with PSA declines at week 13, the PSA progression date was defined as the date that a ≥ 25% increase and an absolute increase of ≥ 2 ng/mL above the nadir was documented, and confirmed 3 or more weeks later. For patients with no PSA decline at week 13, the PSA progression date was defined as the date that a ≥ 25% increase and an absolute increase of ≥ 2 ng/mL above baseline was documented, and confirmed 3 or more weeks later. For patients who did not have confirmed PSA progression at the time of the analysis data cutoff, time to PSA progression was censored at the date of the last PSA assessment showing no evidence of confirmed PSA progression or the analysis data cutoff date, whichever was first. Time to PSA progression for patients with no postbaseline assessments was censored on the date of randomization.

  • Percentage of Patients With Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Response ≥ 50% [ Time Frame: During study period (up to 3 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PSA response was defined as a ≥ 50% reduction in PSA from baseline to the lowest postbaseline PSA value and required confirmation by a consecutive assessment at least 3 weeks later. Patients were evaluable for PSA response rate if a patient had a PSA level measured at baseline and at least one postbaseline assessment.

  • Best Overall Soft Tissue Response [ Time Frame: During study period (up to 3 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The best overall soft tissue objective response is defined as partial response [PR] or complete response [CR] while on study treatment based on investigator assessments of target, nontarget, and new lesions using RECIST 1.1. Soft tissue was assessed by CT or MRI at regularly scheduled visits. Only patients with measurable soft tissue disease (ie, at least 1 target lesion identified per RECIST 1.1) at screening are included in this analysis. All percentages are based on number of participants with measurable soft tissue disease at screening in each treatment group.


Enrollment: 1717
Study Start Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Enzalutamide Drug: Enzalutamide
Participants received enzalutamide 160 mg, administered as four 40-mg capsules, once per day by mouth. Study drug treatment continued until disease progression (evidence of radiographic progression, a skeletal-related event, or clinical progression) and the initiation of a cytotoxic chemotherapy or an investigational agent, unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Participants received placebo, administered as four capsules, once per day by mouth. Study drug treatment continued until disease progression (evidence of radiographic progression, a skeletal-related event, or clinical progression) and the initiation of a cytotoxic chemotherapy or an investigational agent, unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Randomized, Double Blind Treatment Period:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features
  • Ongoing androgen deprivation therapy with a GnRH analogue or bilateral orchiectomy
  • Progressive disease despite androgen deprivation therapy as defined by rising PSA levels or progressive soft tissue or bony disease
  • No prior treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy
  • Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic from prostate cancer

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Severe concurrent disease, infection, or co-morbidity that, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment
  • Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease
  • History of another malignancy within the previous 5 years other than curatively treated non-melanomatous skin cancer

Open-Label Treatment Period:

The following inclusion criteria apply to patients receiving enzalutamide or placebo during double-blind treatment.

Eligible patients must meet all inclusion criteria.

  • Received randomized double-blind treatment in PREVAIL;
  • Open-label day 1 visit is within 6 months after this amendment is approved and becomes effective at the study site;
  • Is willing to maintain androgen deprivation therapy with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist/antagonist or has had a bilateral orchiectomy;

The exclusion criteria apply only to patients starting new treatment with enzalutamide after receiving placebo as randomized treatment. Each patient must not meet any of the following criteria:

  • Has taken commercially available enzalutamide (Xtandi);
  • Severe concurrent disease, infection, or co-morbidity that, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment
  • Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01212991

  Show 222 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medivation, Inc.
Astellas Pharma Inc
  More Information

No publications provided by Medivation, Inc.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Medivation, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01212991     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MDV3100-03
Study First Received: September 29, 2010
Results First Received: October 8, 2014
Last Updated: October 8, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Medivation, Inc.:
Progressive Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Urogenital Neoplasms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014