The Effect of a Planning Prompt on Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Rates

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Harvard University
Yale University
Stanford University
Information provided by:
University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01207232
First received: September 20, 2010
Last updated: September 21, 2010
Last verified: September 2010
  Purpose

The investigators conducted a 3-arm randomized controlled trial to test whether a low-cost planning intervention could increase influence vaccination rates.


Condition Intervention
Seasonal Influenza
Behavioral: Planning Prompt
Behavioral: Control Condition

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: The Effect of a Planning Prompt on Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Rates

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pennsylvania:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Receipt of 2009 Seasonal Influenza Vaccination [ Time Frame: up to 30 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 3272
Study Start Date: October 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2010
Primary Completion Date: November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Time Plan Condition
A basic reminder mailing prompted each subject to write down a planned date and time for getting their flu shot.
Behavioral: Planning Prompt
A prompt to write down a planned date (or date and time) for getting a flu shot
Experimental: Date Plan Condition
A basic reminder mailing prompted each subject to write down a planned date for getting their flu shot.
Behavioral: Planning Prompt
A prompt to write down a planned date (or date and time) for getting a flu shot
Active Comparator: Control Condition
A basic reminder mailing prompted each subject to receive a flu shot.
Behavioral: Control Condition
A basic reminder mailing prompted each subject to get their flu shot.

Detailed Description:

Seasonal influenza causes 20,000 hospitalizations and 36,000 deaths in the U.S. each year. Past psychology research has demonstrated that prompting people to form an implementation plan of the form, "When situation x arises, I will implement response y," increases attainment of desired goals because the desired behavior is linked to a concrete future moment. This type of planning prompt is a "nudge" in the direction of desired behavior that can be implemented at minimal expense and does not restrict individual autonomy. We conducted a 3-arm randomized controlled trial to test whether a low-cost planning intervention could increase influence vaccination rates. We show that planning prompts can be successfully applied to improve health behaviors.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Vaccine indications according to fall 2009 CDC criteria (age >= 50 or chronic disease
  • Employee at partner corporation that implemented the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01207232

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
Harvard University
Yale University
Stanford University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Katherine L Milkman, Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Professor Katherine L. Milkman, University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01207232     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 810589-1
Study First Received: September 20, 2010
Last Updated: September 21, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
seasonal influenza
behavioral economics
implementation intentions
planning prompt
nudge

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014