Russian Labor Migrant HIV Prevention Trial
This study is a randomized outcome trial of a social network HIV prevention intervention for at-risk labor migrants who have arrived in St. Petersburg, Russia, to seek work. Most come to St. Petersburg from Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, and other poor post-Soviet republics. While living in Russia, labor migrants are also living in a city and country with high HIV prevalence. Many labor migrants have limited awareness of AIDS, and most are living in a location far from their spouses, family members, and others. For that reason, labor migrants are vulnerable to risk behavior for contracting HIV.
This study hypothesizes that members of labor migrant social networks whose network leaders are trained to deliver HIV prevention messages will exhibit greater reductions in sexual risk behavior (unprotected intercourse with nonspousal partners) from baseline to 3- and 12-month followup assessments than will members of social networks whose members receive standard, individual HIV risk reduction counseling alone.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Fostering an AIDS Research and Training Center Infrastructure in Russia (Labor Migrant HIV Prevention Trial)|
- Unprotected sexual intercourse events with a nonspousal partner [ Time Frame: up to 12 months post intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes, intentions, perceived norms, and self-efficacy [ Time Frame: up to 12 months post intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Factors reflecting HIV risk
- Substance use related to sexual behavior [ Time Frame: up to 12 months post intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]use of alcohol or other drugs in relation to sexual behavior
|Study Start Date:||October 2008|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Social Network
Leaders of labor migrant social networks will be trained to disseminate HIV prevention messages to the members of their social networks. The training will sequentially target ways to increase network members' HIV-related knowledge and norms, attitudes, intentions, and confidence in how to avoid risk. Leaders will be encouraged to have these discussions with network members between and after training sessions.
Behavioral: Social Network Intervention
Social network leaders will communicate HIV prevention messages to members of their social networks.
|Principal Investigator:||Yuri A. Amirkhanian, PhD||Medical College of Wisconsin|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeffrey A. Kelly, PhD||Medical College of Wisconsin|