Effectiveness of Standardized Respiratory Physiotherapy in Primary Care
Recruitment status was Active, not recruiting
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a very important public health problem and one of the most common lung diseases in the world, with repercussions on mortality and high economic costs. The World Health Organization estimates that COPD is the fifth most common disease in the world and the fourth leading cause of death. It is expected to grow in prevalence and mortality over the coming decades; it is estimated that in 2020, it will be the third most common cause of death worldwide.
Primary care is the main ambit in the management of these patients, in fact, it is where most patients with COPD are visited. However, a high proportion of these patients only receive chest physiotherapy treatment in hospitals, and the implementation of this kind of treatment in primary care is still very uncommon.
Hypothesis: There is effectiveness on the quality of life and various predictive factors of mortality (BODE index, six-minute walk distance, FEV1, dyspnea, and body mass index) and the economic impact of a Standardized Respiratory Physiotherapy program conducted in Primary Care (FREAP) in patients with moderate COPD at 6 months after its implementation.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effectiveness of Standardized Respiratory Physiotherapy in Primary Care in Patients With Mild COPD and Its Economic Assessment|
- St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Quality of life Questionnaire
- BODE index [ Time Frame: Six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Is a complex index that measures dyspnea, FEV1, BMI, and six-minute walk distance
|Study Start Date:||September 2007|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Standardized Respiratory Physiotherapy
Standardized Respiratory Physiotherapy is the intervention in all selected patients
Procedure: Standardized Respiratory Physiotherapy
Standardized Respiratory Physiotherapy during 6 months
To evaluate the effectiveness on the quality of life and various predictive factors of mortality (BODE index, six-minute walk distance, FEV1, dyspnea, and body mass index) and the economic impact of a Standardized Respiratory Physiotherapy program conducted in Primary Care (FREAP) in patients with moderate COPD at 6 months after its implementation.
Design: Randomized controlled trial
Location: Tarragona-Reus Primary Care Area of the Catalan Health Service. 14 primary care centres were involved in the project (8 from the Reus-Altebrat Primary Care Service and 6 from the Tarragona-Valls Primary Care Service) and 8 units of physiotherapy.
Participants: 129 patients with moderate COPD treated by primary care teams.
Intervention: FREAP program for 6 months. It consisted of an initial health education session conducted in the primary care health centre, three sessions a week for three weeks of breathing exercises and aerobic, physical training in the primary care health centre and a monthly monitoring appointment for the breathing exercises and training for five months in the patient's home. Altogether, 10 sessions in the primary care health center and 5 sessions at the patients' house. Patients randomized in the control group continued with their usual clinical practice.
Main effect measures: Quality of life (St. George Respiratory Questionnaire -SGRQ-). Predictive factors of mortality (BODE index, six-minute walk distance, FEV1, dyspnea, and body mass index). Economic cost of implementing the FREAP program.