VELCADE-Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (VTD) vs Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (TD) Incorporated Into Double Autotransplantation for Untreated Multiple Myeloma (MM)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Janssen-Cilag S.p.A.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michele Cavo, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01134484
First received: May 28, 2010
Last updated: July 19, 2012
Last verified: July 2012
  Purpose

Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (TD) is a standard induction therapy for Multiple Myeloma (MM). The present study is designed to compare TD with VELCADE-Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (VTD) as induction therapy in preparation for, and as consolidation after, melphalan-based double autologous stem cell transplantation for previously untreated patients aged ≤65 years with symptomatic MM. Primary study endpoint is the rate of complete response (CR) plus near-complete response (nCR) to induction treatment. Secondary endpoints include the rate of CR plus nCR to double transplantation and subsequent consolidation therapy, time to progression (TTP), progression-free survival (PFS),overall survival (OS) and toxicity profile of both VTD and TD.


Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma
Drug: Velcade
Drug: Thalidomide
Drug: Dexamethasone
Procedure: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) collection
Procedure: First Autologous Transplantation
Procedure: Second Autologous Transplantation
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Prospective, Randomized Clinical Study of VELCADE-Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (VTD) Versus Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (TD) for Previously Untreated Multiple Myeloma (MM) Patients Who Are Candidates to Receive Double Autologous Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Rate of CR+nCR to induction treatment [ Time Frame: 63 days after the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Responses to induction therapy were reported by study investigators and centrally reassessed by study coordinator(s). Criteria are those initially proposed by the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT), with the addition of nCR (100% M-protein reduction by electrophoresis, but immunofixation-positive) and very good partial response (VGPR) (at least 90% serum and urine M-protein reduction) categories. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Rate of CR+nCR to autotransplantation(s) and subsequent consolidation therapy [ Time Frame: 90 days after the second autologous transplantation and 70 days after the beginning of either TD or VTD as consolidation therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Responses to autotransplantation(s) and consolidation therapy were reported by study investigators and centrally reassessed by study coordinator(s). Criteria are those initially proposed by the EBMT, with the addition of nCR and VGPR categories. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test.

  • Time To Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of relapse or progression ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    TTP is defined as time from start of induction treatment with either TD or VTD to relapse or progression, as evaluated according to EBMT criteria. Comparison of TTP between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.

  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of relapse or progression or death, whichever occurs firstly ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS is defined as time from start of treatment to progression/relapse, or death, whichever occurs firstly. Comparison of PFS between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.

  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of death, due to any cause ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OS is defined as time from start of treatment to death. Comparison of OS between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.

  • Safety [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of any toxicity/adverse event(s) recorded during and after study drug administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Safety is monitored until 30 days after the last dose of study drug. Toxicities are graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Rates of adverse events are compared between treatment arms using the chi-square test.


Enrollment: 480
Study Start Date: May 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2015
Primary Completion Date: August 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: VTD Drug: Velcade
  • INDUCTION THERAPY: 1.3 mg/sqm as a bolus i.v. injection on days 1, 4, 8 and 11 (3 courses, 21 days each)
  • REMISSION CONSOLIDATION THERAPY: 1.3 mg/sqm as a bolus i.v. injection on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 (2 courses, 35 days each)
Other Name: Bortezomib
Drug: Thalidomide
  • INDUCTION THERAPY: 100 mg/d on days 1-14, 200 mg/d on days 15-63 (in case of delay of HD-CTX , Thalidomide will be continued until the day before Cyclophosphamide as priming therapy for PBSC collection)
  • AFTER PBSC COLLECTION: 100 mg/d from day after last PBSC collection until the day before first course of MEL-200
  • AFTER FIRST TRANSPLANTATION: 100 mg/d from recovery of hematopoiesis until the day before the second course of MEL-200
  • REMISSION CONSOLIDATION THERAPY (starting 3 months after the second autologous transplantation): 100 mg/d days 1-70
Other Name: Talidomide
Drug: Dexamethasone
  • INDUCTION THERAPY

    1. VTD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-2, 4-5, 8-9 and 11-12 (3 cycles, 21 days each)
    2. TD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-4 and 9-12 (3 cycles, 21 days each)
  • AFTER PBSC COLLECTION: 40 mg/d for 4 days (starting the same day of resumption of Thalidomide)
  • AFTER FIRST TRANSPLANTATION: 40 mg/d for 4 days (starting the same day of resumption of Thalidomide) and repeated every 28 days, for 3 months
  • REMISSION CONSOLIDATION THERAPY (starting 3 months after the second autologous transplantation)

    1. VTD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-2, 8-9, 15-16 and 22-23 (2 cycles, 35 days each)
    2. TD ARM: 40 mg/d days 14 and 20-23 (2 cycles, 35 days each)
Other Name: Soldesam
Procedure: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) collection
  • Cyclophosphamide (CTX): 4 g/sqm given in a single day (day 0)
  • G-CSF: 10 µcg/kg/d, starting on day +2 from CTX and continuing until completion of PBSC collection
Procedure: First Autologous Transplantation
  • HIGH-DOSE MELPHALAN (MEL-200): 200 mg/sqm, given as a single dose i.v. (day -2) followed by PBSC infusion 48 hours later (day 0)
  • G-CSF: 5 µcg/kg daily starting from day +6 after grafting and continuing until the patient's ANC is more than 0.5x10^9/L for 3 consecutive days
Procedure: Second Autologous Transplantation
  • HIGH-DOSE MELPHALAN (MEL-200): 200 mg/sqm, given as a single dose i.v. (day -2) followed by PBSC infusion 48 hours later (day 0)
  • G-CSF: 5 µcg/kg daily starting from day +6 after grafting and continuing until the patient's ANC is more than 0.5x10^9/L for 3 consecutive days
Active Comparator: TD Drug: Thalidomide
  • INDUCTION THERAPY: 100 mg/d on days 1-14, 200 mg/d on days 15-63 (in case of delay of HD-CTX , Thalidomide will be continued until the day before Cyclophosphamide as priming therapy for PBSC collection)
  • AFTER PBSC COLLECTION: 100 mg/d from day after last PBSC collection until the day before first course of MEL-200
  • AFTER FIRST TRANSPLANTATION: 100 mg/d from recovery of hematopoiesis until the day before the second course of MEL-200
  • REMISSION CONSOLIDATION THERAPY (starting 3 months after the second autologous transplantation): 100 mg/d days 1-70
Other Name: Talidomide
Drug: Dexamethasone
  • INDUCTION THERAPY

    1. VTD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-2, 4-5, 8-9 and 11-12 (3 cycles, 21 days each)
    2. TD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-4 and 9-12 (3 cycles, 21 days each)
  • AFTER PBSC COLLECTION: 40 mg/d for 4 days (starting the same day of resumption of Thalidomide)
  • AFTER FIRST TRANSPLANTATION: 40 mg/d for 4 days (starting the same day of resumption of Thalidomide) and repeated every 28 days, for 3 months
  • REMISSION CONSOLIDATION THERAPY (starting 3 months after the second autologous transplantation)

    1. VTD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-2, 8-9, 15-16 and 22-23 (2 cycles, 35 days each)
    2. TD ARM: 40 mg/d days 14 and 20-23 (2 cycles, 35 days each)
Other Name: Soldesam
Procedure: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) collection
  • Cyclophosphamide (CTX): 4 g/sqm given in a single day (day 0)
  • G-CSF: 10 µcg/kg/d, starting on day +2 from CTX and continuing until completion of PBSC collection
Procedure: First Autologous Transplantation
  • HIGH-DOSE MELPHALAN (MEL-200): 200 mg/sqm, given as a single dose i.v. (day -2) followed by PBSC infusion 48 hours later (day 0)
  • G-CSF: 5 µcg/kg daily starting from day +6 after grafting and continuing until the patient's ANC is more than 0.5x10^9/L for 3 consecutive days
Procedure: Second Autologous Transplantation
  • HIGH-DOSE MELPHALAN (MEL-200): 200 mg/sqm, given as a single dose i.v. (day -2) followed by PBSC infusion 48 hours later (day 0)
  • G-CSF: 5 µcg/kg daily starting from day +6 after grafting and continuing until the patient's ANC is more than 0.5x10^9/L for 3 consecutive days

Detailed Description:

This prospective phase 3 trial is aimed at evaluating whether, in comparison with standard TD, addition of Velcade to TD increases rate of CR and nCR from 15% to 30%, respectively. For this purpose, symptomatic patients aged 18-65 years with previously untreated MM and quantifiable M-protein in serum or urine are randomized (1:1) to receive induction therapy comprising three 3-week cycles of Velcade 1.3 mg/sqm, days 1, 4, 8, 11, thalidomide 100 mg, days 1-14, cycle 1, then 200 mg daily, and dexamethasone 40 mg, days 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, or thalidomide and dexamethasone (same schedule and dosage as in VTD). Randomization to VTD or TD is stratified according to International Staging System disease stage at diagnosis. Following induction therapy, patients in both arms receive cyclophosphamide (4 g/sqm, day 0 and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, 10 μcg/kg/day, from day +2) to collect autologous peripheral blood stem cells (minimum threshold CD34+ cells: 4 x 10^6/kg) and two subsequent courses of stem cell-supported high dose melphalan (200 mg/sqm), 3 to 6 months apart. Upon neutrophil (≥1 x 10^9/L) and platelet (≥75 x 10^9/L) recovery following the first autotransplantation, patients receive thalidomide (100 mg daily) and dexamethasone (40 mg, days 1-4 every 4 weeks) as bridge therapy until the day before the second transplantation.

Patients initially randomized to receive VTD or TD induction therapy are planned to receive two 5-week cycles of VTD (Velcade 1.3 mg/sqm, days 1, 8, 15, 22; thalidomide 100 mg daily; dexamethasone 40 mg, days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, 22, 23) or TD (thalidomide 100 mg daily; dexamethasone 40 mg, days 1-4 and 20-23) as consolidation therapy, starting 3 months after last transplant. Maintenance therapy comprise dexamethasone 40 mg, days 1-4, repeated monthly until relapse or progression.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • Confirmed diagnosis of symptomatic MM based on standard criteria.
  • No prior or current systemic therapy for MM, including steroids.
  • At least 18 years and less than 65 years of age.
  • Presence of quantifiable M protein in serum (e.g. greater than 1 g/dL for IgG MM, greater than 0.5 g/dL of IgA or IgD MM) or urine (e.g. greater than 200 mg/day for BJ MM).
  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) at least 60%.
  • Willing and able to comply with the protocol requirements.
  • Agreement from both male and female patients to follow the risk management program established for the prevention of pregnancy, including double methods for contraception and beta-HCG tests for women of childbearing potential and contraception for males.
  • Adequate organ function, including heart, liver, kidney (serum creatinine less than 2 mg/dL)
  • Platelet count at least 70 x 10/mcL and absolute neutrophil count at least 1 x 10/mcl

Exclusion criteria:

  • Diagnosis of asymptomatic MM or of MGUS based on standard criteria.
  • Diagnosis of non-secretory MM.
  • Diagnosis of AL Amyloidosis.
  • Prior or current systemic therapy for MM, including steroids (with exception of bisphosphonates).
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs within 30 days before enrollment.
  • Female subjects pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Patient has Grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy (NCI criteria).
  • Patient has a prior history of thrombosis or venous thromboembolism or pulmonary embolism.
  • Patient has a previous diagnosis of antiphospholipid antibodies or lupus anticoagulant, factor V Leiden mutation, prothrombin G21210A mutation, antithrombin, protein C or S deficiency.
  • Patient has a clear indication to receive a specific other anti-platelet therapy (e.g. clopidogrel, ticlopidine).
  • Patient has a clear indication to receive long-term anticoagulant therapy (e.g. prosthetic heart valve, atrial fibrillation).
  • Active bleeding or high risk of bleeding (gastrointestinal bleeding within the past 12 months; endoscopic diagnosis of peptic ulcer disease or ulcerative esophagitis within the past 6 months unless there is documented endoscopic evidence of healing; intracranial bleeding within the past year; amyloidosis; known bleeding diathesis).
  • Seropositive for HIV, or active hepatitis A, B or C infection.
  • Poorly controlled hypertension or diabetes mellitus (if receiving antidiabetic agents, subjects must be on a stable dose for at least 3 months before the start of therapy) or other serious medical or psychiatric conditions that could interfere with adherence to or completion of this study.
  • Patient has hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol.
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study
  • Previous or concurrent malignancies at other sites, with the exception of appropriately treated localized epithelial skin or cervical cancer. Patients with remote histories (>5 years) of other cured tumors may be entered.
  • Receipt of extensive radiation therapy, systemic chemotherapy, or other antineoplastic therapy within 4 weeks before enrolment.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01134484

Locations
Italy
AOU di Bologna Policlinico S.Orsola-Malpighi, UO di Ematologia
Bologna, Italy, 40138
Sponsors and Collaborators
Michele Cavo
Janssen-Cilag S.p.A.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michele Cavo, MD Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi
  More Information

No publications provided by Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

Responsible Party: Michele Cavo, MD, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01134484     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MM-BO2005, 2005-003723-39, 26866138-MMY-3006
Study First Received: May 28, 2010
Last Updated: July 19, 2012
Health Authority: Italy: Ethics Committee
Italy: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi:
autologous stem cell transplantation
complete remission
bortezomib
thalidomide
progression free survival
induction and consolidation therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
Bortezomib
Thalidomide
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 01, 2014