Prediction of Feeding Problems in Prostaglandin-dependent Prematurely Born Infants With Congenital Heart Disease
Prematurely born infants with ductal-dependent congenital heart disease (CHD) are at increased risk to develop necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Abnormal left to right blood flow through a patent ductus arteriosus can cause intestinal ischemia and compromise the gastrointestinal tract as a barrier to infection. In some infants, bacterial translocation leads to NEC which may result in death, intestinal perforation, cholestasis and, at the very least, feeding problems. Predicting which infants with CHD will develop NEC will potentially decrease the severity of disease if interventions were started earlier.
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) allows determination of regional oxygen saturation levels in tissues such as brain, kidney, and as recently reported, intestine. This study will test whether or not decreasing intestinal oxygen saturations can predict the development of NEC in this at risk population before the symptoms become severe. NIRS probes will be placed on the forehead, flank and abdomen of eligible infants and regional oxygen saturations will be recorded prospectively and continuously with the clinical care team blinded to the data. The development of NEC and significant feeding problems will then be correlated with the regional oxygen saturations to determine whether decreased intestinal oxygen saturations predicted early signs and symptoms of NEC.
We anticipate generating pilot data in 30 infants who meet inclusion criteria. Support of this research will be provided partially by Somanetics, the manufacturer of the INVOS regional oxygen saturation monitors. They will, however, have no control over the data generated by this study.
Congenital Heart Disease
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Prediction of Feeding Problems in Prostaglandin-dependent Prematurely Born Infants With Congenital Heart Disease|
- Evaluate intestinal oxygen saturations using NIRS to predict the development of NEC. [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Using NIRS to test whether or not decreasing intestinal oxygen saturations can predict the development of NEC in this at risk population before the symptoms become severe.
|Study Start Date:||May 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|United States, Utah|
|Primary Children's Medical Center|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112|
|Principal Investigator:||Christian C Yost, MD||University of Utah|