Improving Quality of Osteoporosis Care Through Patient Storytelling
The purpose of this exploratory study is to test novel, mailed, low-cost, direct-to-patient intervention materials (i.e., a personalized letter and osteoporosis information pamphlet) designed to increase rates of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) utilization and improve osteoporosis quality of care.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Randomized Trial of a Mailed Intervention and Self-Scheduling to Improve Osteoporosis Screening in Postmenopausal Women|
- DXA scheduled [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Patient scheduled a DXA within 6 months of receiving intervention materials
|Study Start Date:||July 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Educational Pamphlet and letter
Letter invites patient to self-schedule a DXA; educational pamphlet includes information about DXA scans
Behavioral: Patient Pamphlet
letter informs patient of opportunity to self-schedule a DXA scan; pamphlet includes information about receiving a DXA scan
While the occurrence of a fragility fracture (e.g. hip fracture) is indicative of low BMD and a clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis made, osteoporosis can be identified in asymptomatic patients using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). United States (U.S.) guidelines recommend screening bone density tests using central DXA in all women 65 years or older. However, fewer than one-third of eligible U.S. women age 65 and older undergo DXA testing. The main barrier to achieving greater rates of osteoporosis screening is identifying a systematic, effective, and generalizable way for healthcare providers and patients to schedule DXA results.
Given that national guidelines recommend DXA screening for all older women, the reasons a majority of women do not receive DXA testing are likely multifactorial. Patients and their health care providers may be unaware of preventative screening recommendations and the reasons for these recommendations. Screening tests that are required relatively infrequently (i.e. less than once a year) may be difficult for patients and physicians to remember if there are few triggers (e.g. seasonality as a trigger to motivate influenza vaccination). Additionally, primary care providers (PCPs) are responsible for managing a large number of comorbidities and acute care needs and may be unable to stay current with all preventative care needs during increasingly short clinic visits.
|United States, Alabama|
|University of Alabama at Birmingham|
|Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294|
|Principal Investigator:||Jeffrey R Curtis, MD, MPH, MS||University of Alabama at Birmingham|