Switching Drug Therapy for the Prevention of Blood Clot Formation From Enoxaparin to Rivaroxaban After Orthopedic Surgery for Either Total Hip or Total Knee Replacement

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01094886
First received: March 25, 2010
Last updated: May 3, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
  Purpose

The study will describe the short-term effects the study drug, rivaroxaban, has on the body when a patient is switched from enoxaparin injection (by needle) to oral rivaroxaban (by mouth) for the prevention of blood clotting in the veins after elective total hip or total knee replacement surgery. After providing written informed consent, screening procedures will be completed to assess eligibility. After enrollment, all patients will be switched from enoxaparin to rivaroxaban. Blood samples for the short-term effects of rivaroxaban will be taken at various times while in the subacute unit. At the time of discharge, if the study doctor feels it is appropriate, an adequate supply of rivaroxaban will be provided to complete the full course of therapy. Upon completion of rivaroxaban therapy, all patients will be required to have final study procedures performed. Safety evaluations at the final visit will include clinical blood laboratory tests, a physical examination, urine pregnancy test (if applicable), recording of any adverse events including details regarding any bleeding episodes or blood clot events, and assessment of the surgical wound. All patients will return any unused study medication and study participation will be complete.


Condition Intervention Phase
Arthritis
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Osteoarthritis, Hip
Thromboembolism
Drug: Rivaroxaban
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Open-Label Study of the Transition to Rivaroxaban From Low-Molecular Weight Heparin for Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis After Total Joint Replacement: The Safe Simple Transitions Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Summary of Change From Day 3 to Day 1 in Maximum Anti-Factor Xa (aFXa) [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive statistics for per-patient maximum Anti-Factor Xa laboratory value selected from the 7 consecutive blood draws (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hrs post dose) on Day 1 and Day 3

  • Summary of Change From Day 3 to Day 1 in Maximum Prothrombin Time [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive statistics for per-patient maximum prothrombin time laboratory value selected from the 7 consecutive blood draws (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hrs post dose) on Day 1 and Day 3


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Summary of Change From Day 1 to Day 3 in Area Under the Curve (AUC) of aFXa [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive statistics for Area Under the Curve (AUC) on Study Day 1 and Day 3 for Anti-Factor Xa, based on the 7 consecutive blood draws at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose

  • Summary of Change From Day 1 to Day 3 in AUC of Prothrombin Time [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Descriptive statistics for AUC on Study Day 1 and Day 3 for prothrombin time, based on the 7 consecutive blood draws at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post dose


Enrollment: 56
Study Start Date: March 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 001
Rivaroxaban 10mg tablet daily receiving the first dose within two days after admission to the subacute unit. The total duration of combined venous blood clot prevention therapy with enoxaparin and rivaroxaban may not exceed 35 days for patients with total hip replacement or 14 days with total knee replacement
Drug: Rivaroxaban
10mg tablet daily, receiving the first dose within two days after admission to the subacute unit. The total duration of combined venous blood clot prevention therapy with enoxaparin and rivaroxaban may not exceed 35 days for patients with total hip replacement or 14 days with total knee replacement

Detailed Description:

The study medication, rivaroxaban, is an oral (by mouth) medication. Rivaroxaban directly inhibits one of the clotting mechanisms in the blood that is involved in the formation of blood clots in the veins in the body. The ability to inhibit blood clotting will be measured. Rivaroxaban is currently approved in the European Union by the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) for the prevention of blood clots in veins in orthopedic (bone) surgical patients who have had elective total joint (hip or knee) replacement. It is currently under review by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States for this same indication. Enoxaparin is a medication that is injected into the fat tissue under the skin and is approved by the FDA for the treatment and prevention of blood clot formation in the veins. The goal of the study is to describe the short-term effects that the study drug has on the body when a patient is switched from enoxaparin to rivaroxaban. The study hypothesis, or theory, is that when switched from enoxaparin to rivaroxaban the ability of the body to inhibit blood clotting activity will continue. This is an open-label study which means that all persons involved in the study will know what study drug is being given to them. It is a single-arm study which means that all patients will be administered the same study medication, rivaroxaban. The study will be conducted at large orthopedic centers in the United States. All patients will have had elective total hip or total knee replacement surgery. While in the hospital, eligible patients will have been receiving enoxaparin either 30 mg twice a day or 40 mg once daily. Upon discharge from the hospital all eligible patients will require a stay in a subacute unit and continuing medication for blood clot prevention. After providing written informed consent, patients will have screening procedures completed to determine eligibility. Safety evaluations at the screening procedure will include a physical examination, vital signs, and clinical blood laboratory tests. Women, who are able to bear children, will also have a screening blood pregnancy test performed. A negative pregnancy test is needed to be in the study. Just before receiving the first dose of rivaroxaban, 10 mg, blood sampling for the short-term effects of rivaroxaban will begin and continue at various times. All patients will receive 10 mg of rivaroxaban daily. In addition, the study doctor will do an assessment of the surgical wound. At the time of discharge from the subacute unit, if the study doctor feels it is appropriate, an adequate supply of rivaroxaban will be provided to complete the full course of therapy. If a patient withdraws his/her consent prior to completion of the study, the appropriate course of blood clot prevention therapy will be prescribed by the study doctor. Upon completion of rivaroxaban therapy, all patients will be required to have final study procedures performed. Those patients who continue oral rivaroxaban after discharge from the subacute unit will be required to return for an office visit for final study procedures either at the time of completion of rivaroxaban therapy or at the surgical follow-up visit. Patients who have rivaroxaban discontinued prior to discharge from the subacute unit will have final study procedures completed at that time and a subsequent office visit will not be required. In all cases, the prescribed rivaroxaban therapy must have been completed prior to the time of the final visit. Safety evaluations at the final visit will include clinical laboratory blood tests, a physical examination, urine pregnancy test (if applicable), recording of any adverse events including details regarding any bleeding episodes or blood clot events, and assessment of the surgical wound. All patients will return any unused study medication and study participation will be complete. All patients will receive oral rivaroxaban 10mg daily. First dose of rivaroxaban will be given within 2 days after admission to the subacute unit, in the morning within 12 hrs (if 30mg twice a day) or 24 hours (if 40mg daily) of the enoxaparin dose. Patients will then continue to receive a daily 10 mg dose each morning. The total duration of combined therapy (enoxparin plus rivaroxaban) may not exceed 35 days for patients with total hip replacement or 14 days with total knee replacement.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Undergone elective total hip or knee replacement surgery
  • Received postoperative venous blood clot prevention therapy within 24 hours of the surgery
  • Currently prescribed enoxaparin 30mg subcutaneous (SQ) twice a day or 40mg SQ daily for venous blood clotting prevention with an expected duration of continued prevention therapy of at least 3 days after admission to a subacute unit
  • Discharged from the hospital to a subacute unit (including skilled nursing facilities and rehabilitation units) and committed to remaining in the unit for the duration of the Pharmacodynamic blood sampling period of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Platelet count <90,000/µL based on screening laboratory assessments
  • active internal bleeding or high risk of bleeding
  • history of, or condition associated with, increased bleeding risk including
  • planned invasive procedure with potential for uncontrolled bleeding, including major surgery
  • sustained uncontrolled high blood pressure, defined as systolic blood pressure =180 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure =100 mmHg
  • clinically significant kidney disease and/or impaired kidney function
  • clinically significant liver disease
  • anemia
  • known allergies, hypersensitivity, or intolerance to rivaroxaban
  • indication for anticoagulant (blood thinning) therapy for a condition other than blood clot prevention
  • anticipated need for treatment with a prescription or nonprescription non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • any patient who has taken more than one or two doses of aspirin (>100 mg/dose) in the week prior to enrollment will not be allowed to participate
  • Drug addiction or alcohol abuse within 3 years prior to screening
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01094886

Locations
United States, Colorado
Denver, Colorado, United States
United States, Florida
Hollywood, Florida, United States
Tamarac, Florida, United States
Vero Beach, Florida, United States
United States, New York
Glen Cove, New York, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Investigators
Study Director: Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC Clinical Trial Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01094886     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR016531, RIVAROXCPK3001
Study First Received: March 25, 2010
Results First Received: December 1, 2011
Last Updated: May 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC:
Total Hip Replacement
Total Knee Replacement
Hip Implant
Knee Implant
Joint Prosthesis
Orthopedic Surgery
Rivaroxaban
Xarelto
Blood Clot

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, Hip
Thromboembolism
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Venous Thromboembolism
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Thrombosis
Rivaroxaban
Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight
Dalteparin
Enoxaparin
Anticoagulants
Hematologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cardiovascular Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014