Clinical, Virological and Safety Outcomes of a Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Regimen in HIV-1 Infected Patients in Routine Clinical Use in China

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Abbott
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01074931
First received: February 22, 2010
Last updated: July 7, 2011
Last verified: July 2011
  Purpose

This post-marketing observational study is conducted for obtaining data on clinical, biological and virological outcomes, compliance and tolerability of using a lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) -containing regimen for the treatment of naïve or experienced patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in China.

Although LPV/r is frequently used world-wide, the evaluation of the outcomes, compliance, and tolerance of anti-HIV strategies in real life is still a major challenge in the management of HIV-infected patients who are on a life-long therapy, especially in China.

This study will help to develop effectiveness and safety profile of the lopinavir/ritonavir containing regimen in Chinese HIV-1 infected patients, provide more choices of anti-HIV-1 strategies to Chinese experts and benefits Chinese HIV-1 infected patients.


Condition Intervention
HIV-1 Infections
Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra)

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Clinical, Virological and Safety Outcomes of a Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Regimen in HIV-1 Infected Patients in Routine Clinical Use in China: A Multicenter Post-Marketing Observational Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Abbott:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evolution of the HIV Viral Response [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The protocol recommended that HIV viral load tests be performed at baseline and each study visit. Test results indicate the number of HIV-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) copies per milliliter (mL). The number of participants who underwent testing and had detectable levels (greater than 50 copies/mL) or undetectable levels (less than 50 copies/mL) are presented by subgroup. Study visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month.

  • Evolution of CD4 Count [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The evolution of participants' CD4-positive (CD4+) T-lymphocyte counts after starting the lopinavir/ritonavir-containing regimen was to be assessed by measuring the number of CD4+ cells at baseline and each subsequent study visit. CD4+ count results are reported as the number of CD4+ cells per cubic millimeter (cmm). Study visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month.

  • Evolution of the Tolerance Issues [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    At each study visit, treating physicians evaluated participants and used their clinical judgment to determine if they were tolerating the lopinavir/ritonavir-containing regimen. Study visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Who Missed Doses, Interrupt or Discontinue Regimen, and Experience Changes in Dosage or of Combination Regimen [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The frequency with which each participant forgot to take their medication since the last visit and discontinuations of treatment and the reasons were documented at each visit and are summarized. The number of participants changing from lopinavir/ritonavir soft gel capsule to tablet are also presented. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month. Note: participants may have had multiple missed doses or therapy changes.

  • Adverse Events Observed and Development of Lipodystrophy Lesion and Their Locations [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The types of adverse events reported are summarized. The presence of lipodystrophy (abnormal body fat distribution) and its location was to be recorded. However, due to an oversight, there was not a place to record the location of lipodystrophy on the case report form. Doctors used clinical judgment to rate lipodystrophy in treatment-experienced participants. Study visits were to occur at approximately 3, 6, 12, and 18 months after starting treatment. The exact dates of each visit depended on the physician's judgment, so data are reported for Visits 1 through 4 rather than by month.

  • The Duration on Treatment Until Development of an Adverse Event Leading to Treatment Discontinuation or Until Escape From Treatment [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    As so few participants withdrew from lopinavir/ritonavir treatment, durations of lopinavir/ritonavir therapy required for 25 percent, 50 percent and 75 percent of participants could not be established. The numbers of participants in each subgroup who discontinued from treatment due to an adverse event are presented.


Enrollment: 98
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Lopinavir/ritonavir group
This study is a non-interventional, observational study in which lopinavir/ritonavir is prescribed in the usual manner in accordance with the terms of China market authorization with regards to dose, population and indication. It is planned to enroll approximately 100 patients in total.
Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra)

Lopinavir/ritonavir(LPV/r) is an HIV protease inhibitor (PI) that is co-formulated with lopinavir and ritonavir. Lopinavir is an inhibitor of the HIV-1 and HIV-2 proteases. As co-formulated in LPV/r, ritonavir inhibits the CYP3A-mediated metabolism of lopinavir, thereby providing increased plasma levels of lopinavir.

The assignment of the patient to a lopinavir/ritonavir - containing regimen is not decided in advance by this protocol but falls within current practice and the prescription of lopinavir/ritonavir is clearly separated from the decision to include the patient in this study.

Other Names:
  • lopinavir/ritonavir
  • Kaletra

Detailed Description:

It is planned to enroll approximately 100 patients in total. This will be a multicenter post-marketing observational study in China mainland.

Each patient will be observed during his/her lopinavir/ritonavir - containing treatment regimen for a maximum period of 18 months.

If the physician decides to permanently discontinue lopinavir/ritonavir before the end of the planned observational period of 18 months, the reason for the discontinuation and the new treatment regimen prescribed will be documented. The next routine follow-up visit will be the termination visit for this patient in this study.

This post-marketing observational study will be conducted in a prospective, single-arm, multicenter format.

As this study is observational in nature, its follow-up is not interventional and is left to the judgment of each physician within the 18-month period, which defines the survey for each patient. For indicative purpose, follow-up of patients should enable approximately 4 patient visits during this period. These visits will take place at average intervals of 6 months, apart from the first visit following inclusion (usually at the end of the first 3 treatment months) and apart from visits required because of an intercurrent event. If treatment with lopinavir/ritonavir is discontinued, standard practice is to review the patient after a period of 3 months.

For these reasons, the most likely visits are defined as "V1", "V2", "V3", "V4" although numbers and dates will depend only on the decision of the physician. As a result, failure to meet these suggested dates will not constitute a deviation of the protocol.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Hospital

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients infected by HIV-1 who are over 18 years old
  • Patients who belong to one of the following cohorts:

    • Antiretroviral naïve patients
    • Antiretroviral experienced patients, irrespective to their immune and viral status and current antiretroviral therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have been treated with lopinavir/ritonavir
  • Patients who are being treated or will be treated with drugs at risk of interactions with lopinavir/ritonavir
  • Patients who are not tolerant to lopinavir/ritonavir
  • Patients who have uncontrolled AIDS defining disease
  • Patients participating in another clinical trial
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01074931

Locations
China
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 7244
Guangdong, China, 510060
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 27865
Kunming, China, 650118
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 27864
Shanghai, China, 201508
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 27863
Shenzhen, China, 518020
Site Reference ID/Investigator# 27866
Zhengzhou, China, 450061
Sponsors and Collaborators
Abbott
Investigators
Study Chair: Jian LI, MD Abbott (China)
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Yue Kang, Abbott China
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01074931     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P10-398
Study First Received: February 22, 2010
Results First Received: May 20, 2011
Last Updated: July 7, 2011
Health Authority: China: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Abbott:
Lopinavir/ritonavir

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lopinavir
Ritonavir
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Protease Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014