Mechanical Load on the Shoulders While Carrying a Backpack- Towards a Knowledge-Based Backpack Design
Recruitment status was Not yet recruiting
Soldiers and recreational backpackers are often required to carry heavy loads on their body during military operations or hiking. Despite the advances in backpack design, the loads carried by soldiers still impose an extreme physiological strain (soft tissue deformation) which frequently results in discomfort, pain,musculoskeletal injuries, and loss sensorimotor function.
In the current study, characterization of the pressures, evaluation of the deformations of the soft tissues, specifically the fat, muscles, Brachial plexus and subclavian vessels applied on the shoulder while sitting with a heavy backpack will performed. The data acquired in the current trials will be used for development of a finite element (FE) 3D shoulder model. The purpose is to better understand the mechanical loads that are being transferred to the underlying tissue below the shoulder straps during walking/marching with a backpack. During the 2nd phase of this project, data collected during this research will be used to develop gear that will alleviate the strain on the shoulders, prevent injury, and enhance performance.
- High focal strain (hot-spots) on the shoulder tissue that are observed with the pressure mapping will be observed also in the MR scans.
- The strain at those hot-spots can be reduced by personal-geometry adjusted straps.
Five young (18-30 yrs), healthy, and fit males will participate in this study.
- MR Scans- The scan will be performed for analysis of personal shoulder anatomy, and will be used for developing a 3D FE model. The sagittal view will be used to develop the 3D model. The coronal and axial sectional views will be used to assess the deformations applied on the shoulder tissue. The scan will then be repeated while carrying a 25 kg standard commercial backpack while sitting in the same position, for the assessment of shoulder girdle tissues deformations. Time estimation for each scan is 40 min (80 min total). The subjects are not required to carry the backpack prior to those scans.
- Static pressure measurement- each volunteer will be asked to sit for 30 seconds while carrying the 25 kg backpack. During this session, pressure will be measured using a pressure mapping pad (Sensor Products Inc., USA) placed between the shoulder strap and the underlying tissue.
The maximal total participation time of each volunteer will be 2 hours total (inside and outside the MR).
Data acquired in the current trials will be used for the development of a FE (finite element) 3D shoulder model. MR scans will be utilized for composing geometry and for the boundary conditions assessment (strain magnitude). Pressure measurements will be used as boundary conditions (stress magnitude).
MR scans and pressure measurements will be performed in the Sheba medical center facilities.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Mechanical Load on the Shoulders While Carrying a Backpack- Towards a Knowledge-Based Backpack Design|
|Study Start Date:||February 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2011|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
young and fit
5 healthy subjects, age lower than 30 yrs and high physical fitness
|Contact: Nogah Shabshin, MD||972 52 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Amir Hadid, BSc||972 57 email@example.com|
|Sheba Medical Center||Not yet recruiting|
|Ramat Gan, Israel|
|Contact: Amir Hadid, BSc 972 57 8119887 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Sub-Investigator: Amir Hadid, BSc|
|Study Director:||Amir Hadid, BSc||Sheba Medical Center|