Basic and Clinical Research on Applying Blood Fix to Treat Critical H1N1 Patients
Recruitment status was Active, not recruiting
The 2009 flu pandemic is a global outbreak of a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1, commonly known as swine flu, that was first identified in April 2009. Large-scale immunization is an essential approach of controlling the pandemic.Vaccines are now becoming available for protection against pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 infection in some countries.In response to the pandemic, novel vaccines against the virus strain A/California/07/2009(H1N1) have been developed and recently were approved for vaccination among specific populations in China. However, the safety and effectiveness of the vaccines is of prime concern to the authorities and the public.This report details the findings of a observational clinical trial of the safety and immunogenicity of a influenza A (H1N1)2009 monovalent vaccine.
The virus of Swine Flu H1N1 that outbroke in 2009 is sensitive to neuraminidase inhibitors (Oseltamivir, zanamivir and peramivir) but have drug resistant to adamantanamine derivatives (amantadine and Flumadine), therefore neuraminidase inhibitors are recommended for antiviral therapy against Swine Flu H1N1, effect of which is evidence by the data that such drugs do modify the symptoms and decrease the death rate of H1N1 in America and Mexico. However, clinically, the investigators have encountered that this virus can infect resistant strains of Oseltamivir, which urges for a more effective treatment plan.
In view of above situations, seeking for an effective measures against H1N1 flu should be a top priority and will benefit human life and economy globally. This Topic will take the classic strategy of passive immunity to perform basic and clinical researches on applying blood fix to treat critical H1N1 patients and collect blood of healthy persons who are inoculated with specific H1N1 vaccines to cure critical H1N1 patients.
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Biological: split-virion, non-adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine of 15 μg
Other: blood fix
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase1 An Observational Clinical Trial With an Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent,Split-virion Vaccine in Healthy Adults, Aged 18-60 Years Phase2 Basic and Clinical Research on Applying Blood Fix to Treat Critical H1N1 Patients|
- apply blood fix to treat critical H1N1 patients and further observe the effectiveness and safety, for the purpose of working out a new weapon against H1N1 [ Time Frame: 30 minutes ahead of blood transfusion,6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours after transfusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Hemagglutination inhibition antibody titer and Microneutralization antibody titer [ Time Frame: D0,D7,D21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- local and systemic adverse reaction after vaccination [ Time Frame: Day1-21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2010|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Heathy,aged 18-60 years,
They are healthy, are 18-60 years of age, did not have a history of infection with the 2009 H1N1 virus, and are appropriate to vaccination, without any interdictions. And they guardians confirmed that they understood the study procedures, provided written informed consent, and agreed to comply with the following visit schedule. Woman participants all are not pregnant,with a negative pregnancy test before vaccination.
Biological: split-virion, non-adjuvanted H1N1 vaccine of 15 μg
The influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent, (Split-virion)inactivated vaccine was developed by Shanghai Institute of Biological Products, and the seed virus was prepared from reassortant vaccine virus A/California/7/2009,distributed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States. This strain was recommended by the World Health Organization and obtained from the Chinese Food and Drug Administration.The vaccine adopted the assessment of experts, and formally accessed to the approval document number of production and new drug certificate issued by the Chinese Food and Drug Administration.
Experimental: clinically critical H1N1 patients
The critical H1N1 patients as recipients whose conditions are confirmed according to current standard for critical H1N1 diagnosis. The study wll research H1N1 viral load in blood of critical H1N1 patients and swab nucleic acid testing parallelity; measure H1N1 viral Load in blood and swabs (adopting Real-time PCR method) of 5 to 10 victims; and the planned blood taking time is the tenth day since the fever begins.
Other: blood fix
The blood fix with a hemagglutination-inhibition titer of 1:80 or more than was collected from healthy persons who are inoculated with specific H1N1 vaccine
Recently, a novel swine-origin influenza A/H1N1 virus was identified as a significant cause of febrile respiratory illnesses in Mexico and the United States. It rapidly spread to many countries around the world, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a pandemic on June 11, 2009. Antiviral drugs, such as oseltamivir or zanamivir, may be effective in treating cases of swine flu, but large-scale immunization is an essential approach of controlling the pandemic.Although preliminary evidence from a matched case-control study suggests some protection from the 2008-9 trivalent inactivated vaccine against pandemic influenza A/H1N1 2009, particularly severe forms of the disease. A vaccine against H1N1 is expected to be the most effective tool for controlling influenza A (H1N1) infection.In response to the pandemic, novel vaccines against the virus strain A/California/07/2009(H1N1) have been developed and recently were approved for vaccination among specific populations in China.The primary safety objective of this study is to assess the safety of split- virion inactivated H1N1 vaccine without adjuvant when administered at the 15 ug dose.The primary immunogenicity objective is to assess the hemagglutinin antibody and neutralizing antibody response following split- virion inactivated A(H1N1) vaccine without adjuvant. Participants 148 healthy persons age 18-60 years who have no history of novel influenza H1N1 2009 infection or novel influenza H1N1 2009 vaccination. This is an observational, Phase II study in healthy males and non-pregnant females, aged 18-60 years.This study is designed to investigate the safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated influenza H1N1 virus vaccine after approved by the Chinese Food and Drug Administration.Following immunization, safety will be measured by assessment of adverse events through 21 days. Immunogenicity testing will be hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assays and microneutralization (MN) assays on serum obtained on the day 0,7 and 21 after vaccination.In addition, we will take clinical researches on applying blood fix to treat critical H1N1 patients and collect blood of healthy persons who are inoculated with H1N1 vaccines to cure critical H1N1 patients and further observe the effectiveness and safety, for the purpose of working out a new weapon against H1N1. According to the Blood Donation Law of the People's Republic of China, the blood donation shall follow principle of voluntary.The donors should be healthy persons inoculated with specific H1N1 vaccine and their titer of H1N1 hemagglutination inhibition antibody must be 1：320 or more than after examination (the kit shall be provided by the WHO) by Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
|Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center|
|Shanghai, Shanghai, China, 201508|
|Study Director:||Hong-zhou Lu, Professor||Fudan University|