Recombinant Attenuated Salmonella Typhi Vaccine Vectors Producing Streptococcus Pneumoniae PspA

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Arizona State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01033409
First received: November 16, 2009
Last updated: November 1, 2011
Last verified: November 2011
  Purpose

In this Phase I clinical study, three recombinant, avirulent Salmonella Typhi (RASV) strains each expressing the Streptococcus pneumoniae surface protein, PspA, will be compared as live biological vaccine vectors to evaluate safe and tolerable, single, oral dose levels in adult subjects.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pneumonia
Biological: Salmonella Typhi-vectored pneumonia vaccine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Comparative Phase I Safety and Immunogenicity in Adult Volunteers of Three Recombinant Attenuated Salmonella Typhi Vaccine Vectors Producing Streptococcus Pneumoniae Surface Protein Antigen PspA

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Arizona State University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety (adverse events, including fever, grade 3 laboratory or systemic AEs, bacteremia, through 6 months), stool cultures and blood cultures [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Immunogenicity as measured by ELISA (IgA and IgG, PspA , S. Typhi LPS and OMPs) for days 0, 7, 28, 84 and 160 and ELISPOT (IgA PspA , S. Typhi LPS and OMPs) on Days 0 and 7. [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: August 2009
Study Completion Date: July 2011
Primary Completion Date: July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: S. Typhi-vectored pneumo vaccine 10^7
Arm 1 will evaluate three attenuated S. Typhi strains administered to 3 groups of 5 subjects in single oral doses (10^7 CFU) for safety and immunogenicity. Dose escalation for each strain will proceed after demonstrating the safety and tolerability of 10^7 CFU oral dosage through Day 28.
Biological: Salmonella Typhi-vectored pneumonia vaccine
Liquid, oral dosage administered once at 10^7 CFU in 10 mL phosphate-buffered saline
Other Name: RASV strains
Experimental: S. Typhi-vectored pneumo vaccine 10^8
Arm 2 will evaluate three attenuated S. Typhi strains administered to 3 groups of 5 subjects in single oral doses (10^8 CFU) for safety and immunogenicity. Dose escalation for each strain will proceed after demonstrating the safety and tolerability of 10^8 CFU oral dosage through Day 28.
Biological: Salmonella Typhi-vectored pneumonia vaccine
Liquid, oral dosage administered once at 10^8 CFU in 10 mL phosphate-buffered saline
Other Name: RASV strains
Experimental: S. Typhi-vectored pneumo vaccine 10^9
Arm 3 will evaluate three attenuated S. Typhi strains administered to 3 groups of 5 subjects in single oral doses (10^9 CFU) for safety and immunogenicity. Dose escalation for each strain will proceed after demonstrating the safety and tolerability of 10^9 CFU oral dosage through Day 28.
Biological: Salmonella Typhi-vectored pneumonia vaccine
Liquid, oral dosage administered once at 10^9 CFU in 10 mL phosphate-buffered saline
Other Name: RASV strains
Experimental: S. Typhi-vectored pneumo vaccine 10^10
Arm 4 will evaluate three attenuated S. Typhi strains administered to 3 groups of 5 subjects in single oral doses (10^10 CFU) for safety and immunogenicity. Dose escalation for each strain will proceed after demonstrating the safety and tolerability of 10^10 CFU oral dosage through Day 28.
Biological: Salmonella Typhi-vectored pneumonia vaccine
Liquid, oral dosage administered once at 10^10 CFU in 10 mL phosphate-buffered saline
Other Name: RASV strains

Detailed Description:

The use of attenuated Salmonella strains that are unable to cause clinical disease but trigger a self-limiting infection leading to stimulation of protective immunity presents an attractive alternative to killed and subunit vaccines. Live, attenuated Salmonella strains have been shown to be excellent carriers, or vectors, for prokaryotic or eukaryotic antigens, being able to stimulate strong systemic and local immune responses against the expressed antigens. Three Salmonella Typhi strains have been engineered to express a gene encoding the alpha-helical domain of the Streptococcus pneumoniae surface protein, PspA, and will serve as live biological vaccine vectors in the proposed clinical trial to evaluate maximum safe and tolerable single dose levels after their oral administration to subjects. In this Phase I study, healthy young adults 18-40 years of age will participate in a dose escalating, dose sequential study divided into four Arms to receive doses of 10^7, 10^8, 10^9 and 10^10 CFU. Each Arm (1-4) will consist of 3 groups of 5 subjects per group to receive a single oral dose of one of three recombinant attenuated S. Typhi vaccine vectors producing the pneumococcal antigen PspA. Each group per Arm will receive the same dose of one of the three vaccines for a total of 60 subjects (15 subjects per dose-escalating Arm, 3 groups per Arm, 5 subjects per group). Subject participation lasts 6 months after receiving the oral vaccine dosage with approximately the first 12-15 days (study Days 0-14) in confinement. Release criteria include 2 negative blood cultures in a row through study Day 7 (inpatient monitoring for 8 days) and 2 negative stool cultures in a row through study Day 5. The objectives of the study are 1) to evaluate maximum safe tolerable single dose levels of the three recombinant attenuated S. Typhi vaccine vectors using dose-escalation, dose-sequential studies in healthy adult subjects, and 2) to evaluate immunogenicity of the three recombinant attenuated S. Typhi vaccine vectors with regard to their abilities to induce mucosal and systemic antibody responses to the S. pneumoniae PspA and S. Typhi antigens. The vaccines are not anticipated to prevent disease. Although the immune responses generated by the vaccine vectors may confer some degree of protection against future infection with S. pneumoniae and S. Typhi, such protection is incidental. It is not the goal of this study to develop or test either a pneumonia or typhoid vaccine, but to select the S. Typhi vector that provides optimal delivery of the PspA antigen in a safe and immunogenic manner.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

Subjects will be healthy adults who fully understand the purpose and details of the study.

  • Age: 18-40 years inclusive at the time of enrollment
  • Sex: Male or non-pregnant female Note: For females, negative pregnancy test at the time of entry. Females agree to use effective birth control measures to prevent pregnancy for one month prior to vaccination and for 28 days after vaccination and while on antibiotics.
  • Willing and able to remain in the inpatient facility for the duration of approximately 13-15 days and longer if needed.
  • In good health
  • Willing and able to provide past medical history
  • History of normal,regular bowel habits defined by at least 3 stools per week and less than three stools per day without frequent (greater than one per month) use of laxatives or antidiarrheal agents
  • Normal physical examination
  • Laboratory evaluation:

Urine dipstick: negative or trace protein Negative urine glucose Complete blood count: WBC, hemoglobin and neutrophil count within normal limits SGPT (ALT) and alkaline phosphatase within normal limits Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine within normal limits Nonreactive ELISA for HIV-1 Negative HCV-Ab Negative HBSAg Negative nasopharyngeal (a nose and throat swab) culture for S. pneumoniae

  • Normal gallbladder ultrasound (ie, no gall stones)
  • Able to understand and follow enteric precautions, i.e., practice good hygiene, wash hands thoroughly after using the toilet and avoid food preparation for others until shedding has resolved.
  • Lives and works in situations with access to restrooms or bathrooms with flush toilets.
  • Willing to avoid eating undercooked poultry and eggs.
  • Able to read and willing to sign informed consent form.
  • Willing and able to complete a questionnaire to demonstrate an understanding of various protocol issues including potential adverse effects and precautions to limit the spread of Salmonella as discussed in the informed consent.
  • Willing and able to undergo rectal swabbing or stool collection.
  • Willing and able to maintain a daily memory aid of potential vaccine-associated adverse events, record oral temperatures and collect stool specimens
  • Agrees to not be involved in another study during this trial unless discussed with the investigator and approved.

Exclusion criteria:

  • History of Salmonella infection or vaccination
  • History of pneumococcal vaccine
  • Employed as a health care worker with any patient contact, child care provider, long-term care, assisted living or nursing home care taker, or food handler. Has close contact with children less than one year of age, and has close or intimate contact with immunocompromised persons.
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Placement of any prosthetic device of any kind, including but not limited to, orthopedic implants, CNS shunts, endovascular grafts or shunts, cardiac pacemakers, and cochlear implants
  • History of splenectomy
  • History of gall bladder disease
  • History of gastric achlorhydria or use of B12
  • Frequent antacid or H2 blocker usage (i.e., Tagamet) (more than once a week)
  • History of immunodeficiency, chronic illness, autoimmune disease, or use of immunosuppressive medications. [Persons with vitiligo or thyroid disease (e.g. taking thyroid hormone replacement) are not excluded.]
  • History of medical or psychiatric condition or occupational responsibilities which preclude subject compliance with the protocol
  • History of diarrheal illness within 30 days prior to enrollment (Diarrhea is defined as loose, watery stools occurring more than three times a day lasting more than a day and/or associated with fever.)
  • History of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse reactions to vaccines
  • History of allergy to ciprofloxacin and quinolones, ampicillin, penicillin, amoxicillin and third generation cephalosporins.
  • History of any antibiotic therapy within 14 days prior to vaccination
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the study
  • Receipt of any vaccine within 14 days prior to the study
  • Use of experimental agents within 30 days prior to the study
  • Receipt of blood products or immune globulin within 6 months prior to the study
  • Donation of a unit of blood within 56 days prior to vaccination and for the duration of the study
  • Persons taking inhaled steroids will be excluded.
  • Persons who required pulsed steroids for conditions other than poison ivy will be excluded.
  • Persons who required pulsed steroids for poison ivy within 14 days prior to vaccination will be excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01033409

Locations
United States, Missouri
Saint Louis University Center for Vaccine Development
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Arizona State University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sharon Frey, MD Saint Louis University Center for Vaccine Development, St. Louis, MO USA
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Arizona State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01033409     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-RASV-Sp-01
Study First Received: November 16, 2009
Last Updated: November 1, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Arizona State University:
Salmonella Typhi
pneumonia
oral
vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pneumonia
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014