Breastfeeding and Exercise for Healthy Infants and Postpartum Moms Too! (BEHIP)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified August 2009 by University of North Carolina, Greensboro.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
North Carolina State Agricultural Research Service
Information provided by:
University of North Carolina, Greensboro
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00966381
First received: August 25, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: August 2009
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Approximately 8 million American women suffer from osteoporosis, and one out of every two women over the age of 50 will have an osteoporotic-related fracture in their lifetime (42). While epidemiological studies suggest that pregnancy and lactation are not associated with risk of fractures later in life, these studies did not control for site-specific decrements in bone mineral density (BMD). In addition, 55% of American women between the ages of 20 to 39 are overweight (14). Excess weight retention after pregnancy increases a woman's risk for developing a chronic disease later in life (44). There is a paucity of research on exercise and dietary interventions in postpartum lactating women aimed at promotion of bone health and weight loss.

The goal of this study is to promote long-term lifestyle changes through a home based strength training, aerobic, and nutrition intervention targeting overweight lactating women. The objective is to attenuate lactation-induced bone loss and promote weight loss. We hypothesize that the intervention group will lose a greater amount of fat mass while preserving lean mass and bone mineral mass and increase levels of anabolic hormones through diet and exercise compared to the minimal care group. Additionally, the acquisition of such knowledge is unique since no other studies have measured growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 in lactating women with respect to bone and exercise. This intervention will encourage breastfeeding, weight loss and an increase in bone density resulting in healthy infants and mothers.

The proposed research is the first to examine the effects of a resistance exercise and weight loss intervention on attenuation of lactation-induced bone loss in overweight women. To our knowledge, this is the first study to use MyPyramid for Menu Planner for Moms for dietary counseling using the total diet approach. The expected outcomes are the intervention group will lose weight while preserving lean body mass, bone mineral mass and increase cardiovascular fitness and strength compared to the minimal care group. Additionally, the exercise group will improve the overall quality of their diet using internet based technology. An increase in activity and promotion of weight loss through a modest reduction in calories may lead to overall improvement of the mother's bone and health status later in life.


Condition Intervention
Osteoporosis
Obesity
Weight Loss
Body Composition
Other: Exercise and weight loss intervention

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Breastfeeding and Exercise for Healthy Infants and Postpartum Moms Too!

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of North Carolina, Greensboro:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Bone Mineral Density [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Body Composition [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 44
Study Start Date: October 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Control
The minimal care group will receive standard public health information on nutrition from the American Heart Association twice during the 16-week intervention. Upon completion of the endpoint measurement (20 wks postpartum), they will be given all intervention materials.
Other: Exercise and weight loss intervention
randomized control trial, stratified by parity
Other Name: BH2
Experimental: Exercise Group
The intervention group will participate in a 16-week exercise and diet intervention from 4 to 20 wks postpartum. The PI will travel to the participant's homes three times per week during the 16-week intervention to guide mothers with the exercise program, ensure dietary compliance, and provide social support. The 16-wk exercise protocol consists of strength training three times per week and walking 10,000 steps per day at least five days per week.
Other: Exercise and weight loss intervention
randomized control trial, stratified by parity
Other Name: BH2

Detailed Description:

Participants will be randomized, stratified by parity, into either an intervention or minimal care group after all baseline measurements are complete (3 +/- 1 wk postpartum).

The specific aims of this project are to evaluate in overweight lactating women at 3 and 20 weeks postpartum (PP) whether an exercise and weight loss intervention, compared to a minimal care group, will:

  1. Improve body composition. The working hypothesis for this aim is the intervention group will lose less lean body mass and bone mineral mass and promote more fat loss compared to the minimal care group at 20 weeks PP.
  2. Promote an increase in cardiovascular fitness and strength. The working hypothesis for this aim is the intervention group will increase predicted maximal oxygen consumption and maximal strength compared to the minimal care group at 20 weeks PP.
  3. Affect bone-related hormones. The working hypothesis for this aim is the intervention group will increase growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 compared to the minimal care group at 20 weeks PP.
  4. Improve total diet or overall pattern of food eaten. The working hypothesis for this aim, based on menu modeling with MyPyramid (16), is the intervention group will improve the quality of their intake by consuming the recommended amounts of food groups established by MyPyramid compared to the minimal care group at 20 weeks PP.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   23 Years to 37 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • To be eligible for the study, women must be less than 3 weeks postpartum, between the ages of 25 to 40, with a body mass index (BMI) between 25 and 30 kgm-2), exclusively breastfeeding, sedentary for the past 3 months (< 3 weekly sessions of moderate aerobic activity), non-smokers, medically cleared for exercise by their physician, and agree to randomization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Exclusion criteria for the study are delivery by cesarean section, have medical complications where exercise is contraindicated, or a disease that would affect hormone levels.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00966381

Contacts
Contact: Cheryl A Lovelady, PhD RD 336-256-0310 cheryl_lovelady@uncg.edu

Locations
United States, North Carolina
UNC-Greensboro Recruiting
Greensboro, North Carolina, United States, 27412
Contact: Cheryl A Lovelady, PhD RD    336-256-0310    cheryl_lovelady@uncg.edu   
Principal Investigator: Cheryl A Lovelady, PhD RD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Greensboro
North Carolina State Agricultural Research Service
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Cheryl A Lovelady, PhD RD UNC-Greensboro
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Cheryl A Lovelady, PhD RD, University of North Carolina, Greensboro
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00966381     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-0259
Study First Received: August 25, 2009
Last Updated: August 25, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Greensboro:
breastfeeding
bone mineral density
exercise
diet

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Osteoporosis
Weight Loss
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Body Weight Changes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014