H1N1 Vaccine in Pregnant Women

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00963430
First received: August 20, 2009
Last updated: November 29, 2012
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate an investigational 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine to determine vaccine safety in pregnant women and the body's immune response (body's defense against disease) to different strengths of the H1N1 influenza vaccine. In this study, 2 strengths of the H1N1 influenza vaccine will be tested (given 3 weeks apart). Participants will include approximately 120 healthy pregnant women, ages 18-39 years, in their second or third trimester of pregnancy (14-34 weeks gestation). Study procedures will include 2 doses of vaccine, blood samples, cord blood samples at delivery, and recording temperature and vaccine side effects in a memory aid for 8 days following each vaccination. Participants will be involved in study related procedures for about 7 months.


Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase II Study in Pregnant Women to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of an Unadjuvanted Sanofi Pasteur H1N1 Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Administered at Two Dose Levels

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Subjective Local Reactions After First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of pain, tenderness and swelling for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Subjective Local Reactions After Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of pain, tenderness and swelling for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Quantitative Local Reactions After First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of redness and swelling for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). If the reaction was present, the maximum diameter was measured in millimeters (mm). Participants are counted if they reported experiencing the reaction with any measurement greater than 0 mm on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Quantitative Local Reactions After Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of redness and swelling for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). If the reaction was present, the maximum diameter was measured in millimeters (mm). Participants are counted if they reported experiencing the reaction with any measurement greater than 0 mm on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of feverishness, malaise, myalgia, headache, and nausea for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they reported experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of feverishness, malaise, myalgia, headache, and nausea for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they reported experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Fever After First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants were provided with a thermometer and a memory aid on which to record daily oral temperatures for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). The protocol defined fever as oral temperature of 37.8 degrees Celsius or higher. Participants are counted as experiencing fever if they reported oral temperatures of 37.8 degrees Celsius or higher on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Fever After Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants were provided with a thermometer and a memory aid on which to record daily oral temperatures for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). The protocol defined fever as oral temperature of 37.8 degrees Celsius or higher. Participants are counted as experiencing fever if they reported oral temperatures of 37.8 degrees Celsius or higher on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants With 4-fold or Greater Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition (HAI) Antibody Titer Increases Against Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to and Day 21 after the first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants prior to the initial vaccination as well as 21 days after the first vaccination for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 21 post vaccination titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 21 post vaccination titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 21 after the first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants at Day 21 post first vaccination for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Maternal Complications of Pregnancy, Labor and Delivery [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants were contacted after delivery, and medical records reviewed, to collect complications experienced during pregnancy, labor and delivery. The data collection process followed a prospectively-defined list of complications reported for this outcome measure, some of which may have also been reported as serious adverse events if otherwise meeting those requirements.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Neonatal Complications [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants were contacted after delivery, and medical records reviewed, to collect neonatal complications. The data collection process followed a prospectively-defined list of complications reported for this outcome measure, some of which may have also been reported as serious adverse events if otherwise meeting those requirements.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Vaccine-associated Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 0 through Day 180 after last vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Serious adverse events included any untoward medical occurrence that resulted in death of the mother, fetus or infant; was life threatening to mother, fetus or infant; was a persistent/significant disability/incapacity; required in-patient hospitalization or prolongation thereof; was a congenital anomaly/birth defect in fetus or infant; or may have jeopardized the mother, fetus or infant, or required intervention to prevent one of the outcomes, or was described as Guillain-Barré Syndrome. Association was determined by a clinician licensed to diagnose and listed on the site's FDA Form 1572.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer Greater Than or Equal to 40 Against the Novel Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus in the Maternal Blood at the Time of Delivery [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from participants at the time of delivery for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer Greater Than or Equal to 40 Against the Novel Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus in Cord Blood [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cord blood was collected at the time of delivery for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants With 4-fold or Greater Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition (HAI) Antibody Titer Increases Against Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus Following 2 Doses of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to first vaccination and Day 21 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants prior to the initial vaccination as well as 21 days after the second vaccination for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 21 post vaccination 2 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 21 post vaccination 2 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus Following 2 Doses of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 21 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants at Day 21 post second vaccination for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.


Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 2: 30 mcg H1N1 vaccine
60 subjects to receive 30 mcg of inactivated H1N1 vaccine on Day 0 and Day 21.
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
Two doses of inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine delivered intramuscularly (IM) as 15 or 30 mcg dose. The 15 mcg dose will be administered as a single 0.5 mL IM injection in the deltoid muscle of the preferred arm. The 30 mcg dose will be administered as a single 1.0 mL injection in the deltoid muscle.
Experimental: Group 1: 15 mcg H1N1 vaccine
60 subjects to receive 15 mcg of inactivated H1N1 vaccine on Day 0 and Day 21.
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
Two doses of inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine delivered intramuscularly (IM) as 15 or 30 mcg dose. The 15 mcg dose will be administered as a single 0.5 mL IM injection in the deltoid muscle of the preferred arm. The 30 mcg dose will be administered as a single 1.0 mL injection in the deltoid muscle.

Detailed Description:

Recently, a novel swine-origin influenza A/H1N1 virus was identified as a significant cause of febrile respiratory illnesses in Mexico and the United States. It rapidly spread to many countries around the world, prompting the World Health Organization to declare a pandemic on June 11, 2009. Data from several cohorts in different age groups that received licensed trivalent seasonal influenza vaccines suggest that these vaccines are unlikely to provide protection against the new virus. In addition, adults are more likely to have measurable levels of serum hemagglutination inhibition assay (HAI) or neutralizing antibody than are children. These data indicate the need to develop vaccines against the new H1N1 strain and suggest that different vaccine strategies (e.g., number of doses, need for adjuvant) may be appropriate for persons in different age groups. Pregnant women are at an increased risk for the complications of influenza. A higher dose or multiple doses of an unadjuvanted, inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine may be necessary to confer protection to this at risk population. This protocol will explore the antibody response following vaccination of pregnant women at 2 different dose levels (15 mcg and 30 mcg). The 2 doses of inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine will be administered 21 days apart. This study will assess the immune response following a single dose of H1N1 vaccine, to assess whether individuals have any pre-existing "prime" immunity, such that the initial H1N1 vaccination serves as a boost, thus conferring a more rapid time to protection with the need for fewer doses. Antibody responses will be assessed 21 days after each dose. The primary objectives are: safety, to assess the safety of unadjuvanted, inactivated H1N1influenza vaccine in pregnant women when administered at the 15 mcg or 30 mcg dose; and immunogenicity, to assess the antibody response following a single dose of unadjuvanted, inactivated H1N1 influenza vaccine in pregnant women when administered at the 15 mcg or 30 mcg dose. The secondary objectives are to: assess the antibody response following 2 doses of unadjuvanted, inactivated H1N1 influenza vaccine in pregnant women when administered at the 15 mcg or 30 mcg dose; and assess the efficiency of placental transport of maternal influenza antigen specific antibodies to the neonate. This is a randomized, double-blinded, phase II study in 120 pregnant women, ages 18-39 years. Subjects will be randomized into 2 groups (60 pregnant women per dose group) to receive intramuscular inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine at 15 mcg (Group 1) or 30 mcg (Group 2) on Days 0 and 21. Following immunization, safety will be measured by assessment of adverse events through 21 days following the last vaccination (Day 42), serious adverse events and new-onset chronic medical conditions through 7 months post first vaccination (Day 201). Reactogenicity to the vaccine will be assessed for 8 days following each vaccination (Day 0-7). Immunogenicity testing will include HAI and neutralizing antibody testing on serum obtained on Days 0, 21 and 42. This includes samples collected prior to each vaccination and samples collected 21 days following each vaccination. HAI antibody testing will be also be performed on serum from maternal and cord blood collected at delivery.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 39 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant female between the ages of 18 and 39 years, inclusive.
  • Is from 14-34 weeks of gestation, inclusive.
  • Had at least one prenatal visit during which pregnancy was confirmed.
  • Is in good health, as determined by vital signs (heart rate 100 beats per minute; blood pressure: systolic 140 mm Hg; diastolic less than or equal to 90 mm Hg; oral temperature less than 100 degrees Fahrenheit), medical history to ensure any existing medical diagnoses or conditions are stable and not considered clinically significant, and targeted physical examination based on medical history. A stable medical condition is defined as health outcomes of the specific disease are considered to be within acceptable limits in the last 3 months.
  • Able to understand and comply with planned study procedures.
  • Provides written informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures.
  • Agrees to sign medical release for herself and her infant(s) to allow study staff to gather pregnancy outcome data, if needed per clinical site policy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has a known allergy to eggs or other components in the vaccines (these may include, but are not limited to: gelatin, formaldehyde, octoxinol and chicken protein).
  • Has a history of severe reactions following previous immunization with influenza virus vaccines.
  • Has participated in a novel influenza H1N1 2009 vaccine study in the past 2 years or has history of novel influenza H1N1 2009 infection prior to enrollment.
  • Has received any other live licensed vaccines within 4 weeks or inactivated licensed vaccines within 2 weeks prior to vaccination in this study prior to vaccination or plan receipt of such vaccines within 21 days following the last vaccination (except for seasonal inactivated influenza vaccine which may be received 2 weeks post either vaccination). Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine and tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccine are permitted post-partum.
  • Has received an experimental/investigational agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within one month prior to vaccination in this study, or expects to receive another experimental/investigational agent during the study period (prior to the Day 201 follow-up call - 180 days after the second vaccination).
  • Has an acute illness and/or an oral temperature greater than or equal to 100.0 degrees Fahrenheit, within 72 hours of vaccination (This may result in a temporary delay of vaccination).
  • Has immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 36 months.
  • Has an active neoplastic disease (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer), a history of any hematologic malignancy, current bleeding disorder, or taking anticoagulants.
  • Long term use of glucocorticoids, including oral or parenteral, or high-dose inhaled steroids (>800 micrograms/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months (nasal and topical steroids are allowed) or has received betamethasone or dexamethasone to accelerate fetal lung maturity.
  • Has a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood product (with exception of Rhogam) within the 3 months prior to enrollment in this study.
  • Has a diagnosis of a current and uncontrolled major psychiatric disorder.
  • Has been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt, or confinement for danger to self or others, within the past 10 years.
  • The subject is receiving any of the following psychiatric drugs: aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, loxapine, thioridazine, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, trifluopromazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate. Subjects who are receiving an antidepressant drug (not listed above) and are stable for at least 3 months prior to enrollment without decompensating are allowed enrollment into the study.
  • Known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection.
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years.
  • Has a seizure disorder or is on an anti-seizure medication.
  • Has a history of Guillain-Barré Syndrome.
  • Plan to travel outside of North America in the time between the first vaccination and 42 days following the first vaccination.
  • Has an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator would render vaccination unsafe, or would interfere with the evaluation of responses (this includes, but is not limited to, known cardiac disease, chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorder, transplant recipients or uncontrolled diabetes, juvenile diabetes (Type I) or advanced diabetes with renal disease or eye disease, diabetes controlled by diet or insulin is acceptable.)
  • Has any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place the subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the subject unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00963430

Locations
United States, Missouri
Saint Louis University - Center for Vaccine Development
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-2573
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine - Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Washington
Group Health Cooperative
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00963430     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-0056, N01AI80004C
Study First Received: August 20, 2009
Results First Received: April 21, 2011
Last Updated: November 29, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
H1N1, influenza A viruses, pregnant women

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014