Clinical Study to Improve Diagnosis and Treatment of Sinusitis
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is the most common chronic medical condition that affects Americans between 18-44 years of age. While significant advances have been made in the understanding of the molecular pathogenesis underlying many subtypes of CRS, this has not translated into widespread changes in how physicians manage adult or pediatric CRS. The focus of this study is intended to develop testing methods to improve the objectivity and specificity of diagnosis and allow for individualized therapy with less invasive, customized treatments instead of the traditional, empiric based, and radically exenterative therapies commonly employed in clinical practice. Specifically, it is now known that many patients with CRS have a greater concentration of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHI) in the bacterial biofilms located within their sinus cavities compared to healthy patients. The specific hypothesis behind the proposed research is that the presence of NTHI biofilms, which are known to be highly recalcitrant, are positively correlated with the development of CRS and that unique lipooligosaccharides and inflammatory byproducts obtained from nasopharyngeal lavage fluids and/or swabs of sinus secretions may be used as a non-invasive biomarker for CRS. As a result, patients with symptoms of CRS specifically associated with NTHI biofilms could possibly obtain a non-invasive test in the physician's office that would allow the clinician to make a more accurate diagnosis and objectively follow each patient's responsiveness to customized therapy.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Improving Patient Care Via Proteomics Based, Microbe-Specific Detection of Chronic Rhinosinusitis|
whole blood nasal secretions nasal mucosa nasal polyps
|Study Start Date:||August 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis as defined by American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and American Rhinologic Society guidelines
Patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery for diseases other than chronic rhinosinusitis (i.e., access to pituitary gland, etc)
Specific Aim 1 will test the hypothesis that a high throughput proteomics-based assay of nasopharyngeal lavage fluids and/or swabs of human sinus drainage material will be able to identify, with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity, patients with CRS specifically due to the presence of NTHI biofilms.
Specific Aim 2 will test the hypothesis that a priori assay for increased presence of phosphorylcholine-rich lipooligosaccharides in nasopharyngeal lavage fluids from chinchillas co-infected with adenovirus and biofilm forming NTHI will successfully predict, with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity, the development of CRS in this in vivo model.
Results from this project may: enable the design and conduct of a clinical trial to preoperatively identify patients with CRS earlier in their disease course (possibly prior to the initiation of long courses of empiric antibiotic therapy); aid in the development of non-surgical therapies to eradicate bacterial biofilms with the sinus cavities; result in the identification of an objective biomarker to monitor success with therapies; and ultimately lead to less morbidity and risk for complications compared to conventional surgical therapy. In addition, transforming this paradigm would make progress towards achieving the goals of the U.S. Department Health and Human Services Healthy People 2010 objective 14-19, which is "reducing the number of courses of antibiotics prescribed for the sole diagnosis of the common cold."
|Contact: Subinoy Das, MD||(614) email@example.com|
|Contact: Melanie Clark||(614) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Ohio|
|The Ohio State University||Recruiting|
|Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210|
|Contact: Subinoy Das, MD 614-293-8310 email@example.com|
|Contact: Melanie Clark (614) 293-8310 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Subinoy Das, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Subinoy Das, MD||Ohio State University|