A Phase 2b, Safety and Efficacy Study of Boceprevir in Patients Coinfected With HIV and Hepatitis C (P05411 AM4)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00959699
First received: July 29, 2009
Last updated: January 23, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

The primary objective of this trial is to compare the efficacy of boceprevir (SCH 503034) 800 mg three times a day (TID) orally (PO) in combination with peginterferon alfa-2b (PegIFN-2b) 1.5 µg/kg weekly (QW) subcutaneously (SC) plus weight-based dosing (WBD) of ribavirin (RBV) (600 mg/day to 1400 mg/day) PO to therapy with PegIFN-2b + RBV alone in adult participants coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and previously untreated chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1.

Boceprevir is a potent, orally administered, novel serine protease inhibitor, specifically designed to inhibit the HCV nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) protease and, thereby, inhibit viral replication in HCV-infected host cells. The mechanism of inhibition represents a new mechanism of action compared to both interferon alfa and ribavirin. Based on previous experience with PegIFN-2b and RBV in combination with boceprevir in the HCV-monoinfected population, this combination treatment is expected to provide significant benefit to the HIV/HCV coinfected population. Given the high unmet medical need of these participants and the benefit of the addition of boceprevir to PegIFN-2b/RBV, it is important to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of boceprevir in combination with PegIFN-2b/RBV in participants coinfected with HIV/HCV.

This is a randomized, multi-center trial, double-blinded for boceprevir or placebo in combination with open-label PegIFN-2b/RBV in participants coinfected with HIV and previously untreated chronic HCV (genotype 1), to be conducted in conformance with Good Clinical Practice (GCP). This trial consists of two arms, one control arm (Arm 1) and one experimental arm (Arm 2). Participants in the control arm (Arm 1) may receive boceprevir/PegIFN-2b/RBV via a crossover arm.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Hepatitis C
HCV Infection
Drug: PegIFN-2b
Drug: RBV
Drug: Placebo to Boceprevir
Drug: Boceprevir
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2b, Safety and Efficacy Study of Boceprevir in Patients Coinfected With HIV and Hepatitis C (Protocol No. P05411)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving Sustained Viral Response (SVR) at Follow-up Week 24 (FW24) Among Randomized Participants Who Received At Least One Dose of Trial Medication [ Time Frame: Up to Week 72 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SVR24 is defined as undetectable plasma hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV-RNA) at 24 weeks after the end of all study treatment. If there was no value in the FW24 visit window, the closest value available chronologically after this window was used; if a value was still missing after that, the value from Follow-up Week 12 (FW12) was used. HCV-RNA is detected by a nucleic acid amplification test and the lower limit of detection for this assay is 9.3 IU/mL.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants Achieving SVR24 Among Randomized Participants Who Received At Least One Dose of Boceprevir (Experimental) or Placebo (Control) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 72 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SVR24 is defined as undetectable plasma HCV-RNA 24 weeks after the end of all study treatment. If there was no value in the FW24 visit window, the closest value available chronologically after this window was used; if a value was still missing after that, the value from FW12 was used. HCV-RNA is detected by a nucleic acid amplification test and the lower limit of detection for this assay is 9.3 IU/mL.

  • Percentage of Participants With Early Virologic Response (EVR) Who Achieved SVR24 [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EVR was defined as undetectable HCV-RNA at Treatment Week (TW) 2, 4, 8, or 12. HCV-RNA was detected by a nucleic acid amplification test and the lower limit of detection for this assay is 9.3 IU/mL.

  • Percentage of Participants With Undetectable HCV-RNA at Follow-up Week 12 (FW12) [ Time Frame: Up to Week 60 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The virologic response at FW12 was considered SVR12 with an additional rule for handling missing data: participants with missing HCV-RNA assessment at FW12 but having non-missing, undetectable HCV-RNA assessments at both FW4 and FW24, were assumed to be responders for SVR12. HCV-RNA was detected by a nucleic acid amplification test and the lower limit of detection for this assay is 9.3 IU/mL.

  • Change From Baseline in log10 HCV-RNA at Treatment Week 4 (TW4) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This is a measure of the change in the amount of HCV-RNA in the plasma at the end of 4 weeks of treatment. HCV-RNA was detected by a nucleic acid amplification test and the lower limit of detection for this assay is 9.3 IU/mL.

  • Percentage of Participants With HCV Virologic Breakthrough or Incomplete Virologic Response/Rebound [ Time Frame: Up to Week 72 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Virologic breakthrough is defined as achieving undetectable HCV-RNA and subsequently having an HCV-RNA level of >1000 IU/mL. Incomplete Virologic Response/Rebound is defined as having a one log10 increase in HCV-RNA from the participant's nadir, with an HCV-RNA >1000 IU/mL. HCV-RNA was detected by a nucleic acid amplification test and the lower limit of detection for this assay is 9.3 IU/mL.


Enrollment: 99
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: October 2012
Primary Completion Date: May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: PegIFN-2b + RBV
PegIFN-2b (1.5 µg/kg/week subcutaneously) plus RBV (600-1400 mg/day, orally, divided into two daily doses) for 4 weeks followed by placebo to boceprevir plus PegIFN-2b/RBV for 44 weeks with 24 weeks post-treatment follow-up (Control Arm). Participants who do not achieve HCV-RNA <9.3 IU/mL by Treatment Week 24 (TW24) are eligible to cross-over and receive boceprevir along with the PegIFN-2b and RBV for up to 44 weeks.
Drug: PegIFN-2b
PegIFN-2b (1.5 μg/kg/week subcutaneously)
Other Names:
  • SCH 054031
  • MK-4031
  • Pegylated interferon alfa-2b
  • Peginterferon alfa-2b
Drug: RBV
Ribavirin (600-1400 mg/day, orally, divided into two daily doses)
Other Name: Ribavirin
Drug: Placebo to Boceprevir
Placebo to boceprevir (orally, three times per day)
Active Comparator: PegIFN-2b + RBV + Boceprevir
PegIFN-2b (1.5 µg/kg/week subcutaneously) plus RBV (600- 1400 mg/day, orally, divided into two daily doses) for 4 weeks followed by boceprevir (800 mg, orally, 3 times per day) plus PegIFN-2b/RBV for 44 weeks with 24 weeks post-treatment follow-up.
Drug: PegIFN-2b
PegIFN-2b (1.5 μg/kg/week subcutaneously)
Other Names:
  • SCH 054031
  • MK-4031
  • Pegylated interferon alfa-2b
  • Peginterferon alfa-2b
Drug: RBV
Ribavirin (600-1400 mg/day, orally, divided into two daily doses)
Other Name: Ribavirin
Drug: Boceprevir
Boceprevir (800 mg, orally, three times per day)
Other Names:
  • SCH 503034
  • MK-3034
  • Victrelis

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • >=18 and <=65 years of age
  • Body weight >=40 and <=125 kg
  • Documented history of HIV infection for greater than 6 months prior to Day 1
  • On an optimized anti-retroviral treatment regimen (OTR) with stable HIV disease with CD4 >=200 cells/µL and HIV-1 RNA viral load <50 copies/mL
  • Documented chronic hepatitis C (CHC) genotype 1 infection (greater than 6 months prior to Day 1)
  • Use of acceptable methods of contraception 2 weeks prior to Day 1 and at least 6 months or longer after treatment
  • Liver biopsy with histology consistent with CHC and no other etiology

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who received prior treatment for hepatitis C other than herbal remedies except those with known hepatotoxicity
  • Coinfected with hepatitis B virus (Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive) and/or demonstrating signs and symptoms consistent with concomitant infection
  • Evidence of decompensated liver disease
  • Participants who have changed their anti-retroviral regimen within the last 3 months prior to Day 1 or had first initiated anti-retroviral therapy within the last 6 months prior to Day 1
  • Use of certain HIV medications will not be allowed. Medications will be reviewed by the Investigator
  • History of clinically significant opportunistic infections (except oral thrush) within the last year prior to Day 1
  • Current evidence of substance abuse within 3 years of the Screening Visit
  • History of a clinical diagnosis within the past 6 months of substance abuse prior to Day 1
  • Participants receiving opiate agonist substitution therapy but not enrolled in an opiate substitution maintenance program
  • History of marijuana use deemed excessive by the Investigator
  • Infected with HIV-2
  • Use of any HIV protease inhibitor without the coadministration of ritonavir within one month of Day 1 and throughout the period of the trial
  • Participants receiving any of the following medication(s) within 2 weeks prior to the Day 1 visit: alfuzosin, antiarrhythmics (amiodarone, bepridil, flecainide, propafenone, and quinidine), ergot derivatives, cisapride, lovastatin, simvastatin, pimozide, triazolam, and orally administered midazolam.

Key Laboratory Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hematologic, biochemical, and serologic criteria (growth factors may not be used to achieve trial entry requirements):

    • Hemoglobin <11 g/dL for females and <12 g/dL for males
    • Neutrophils <1500/mm^3 (blacks/African-Americans: <1200/mm^3)
    • Platelets <100,000/mm^3
    • Direct bilirubin >1.5 x ULN (upper limit of normal) of the laboratory reference range. Total bilirubin >1.6 mg/dL unless history of Gilbert's disease or antiretroviral regimen contains atazanavir. If Gilbert's disease is the proposed etiology, this must be documented in the participant's chart
  • Alpha fetoprotein (AFP):

    • AFP >100 ng/mL OR
    • AFP 50 to 100 ng/mL (requires a liver ultrasound and participants with findings suspicious for hepatocellular carcinoma are excluded)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00959699     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P05411, MK-3034-025
Study First Received: July 29, 2009
Results First Received: May 8, 2013
Last Updated: January 23, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
coinfection
protease inhibitor
HIV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Interferon-alpha
Interferon Alfa-2b
Ribavirin
Peginterferon alfa-2b
Reaferon
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunologic Factors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014