Study of Apremilast in Atopic or Contact Dermatitis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by:
Tufts Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00931242
First received: June 30, 2009
Last updated: November 23, 2010
Last verified: November 2010
  Purpose

The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of apremilast in patients with recalcitrant atopic or contact dermatitis.


Condition Intervention Phase
Atopic Dermatitis
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Drug: Apremilast
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2, Open-label, Investigator-Initiated Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Apremilast in Subjects With Recalcitrant Contact or Atopic Dermatitis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Tufts Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients Achieving an Improvement (Decrease) in IGA (Investigator Global Assessment) by Two or More Points [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Improvement in IGA (Investigator Global Assessment) by two or more points on a five point scale, with 0 being no disease activity and 5 being maximum disease activity, at week 12


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients Achieving 75% Reduction in Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) Score at Week 12 in Reference to Week 0 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EASI scores range from 0 to 72, with higher scores reflecting greater disease severity. Erythema, edema, lichenification, and excoriations/erosions are scored on a scale of 0 (none) to 3 (severe) on 4 anatomic regions of the body: head, trunk, upper limbs, and lower limbs. Degree of involvement on each of the 4 anatomic regions is scored on a scale of 0 to 6. The total qualitative score is multiplied by the degree of involvement for each anatomic region and then multiplied by a constant and summed to yield the EASI score.

  • Number of Patients Achieving 50% Reduction in Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) Score at Week 12 in Reference to Week 0 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EASI scores range from 0 to 72, with higher scores reflecting greater disease severity. Erythema, edema, lichenification, and excoriations/erosions are scored on a scale of 0 (none) to 3 (severe) on 4 anatomic regions of the body: head, trunk, upper limbs, and lower limbs. Degree of involvement on each of the 4 anatomic regions is scored on a scale of 0 to 6. The total qualitative score is multiplied by the degree of involvement for each anatomic region and then multiplied by a constant and summed to yield the EASI score.


Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: June 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Apremilast
Apremilast is being evaluated at daily doses of 20 mg by mouth (PO) twice daily (BID) for 12 weeks of treatment (treatment phase) in subjects with recalcitrant plaque-type Atopic Dermatitis (AD) or Allergic Contact Ddermatitis (ACD).
Drug: Apremilast
Apremilast is being evaluated at daily doses of 20 mg by mouth (PO) twice daily (BID) for 12 weeks of treatment (treatment phase) in subjects with recalcitrant plaque-type Atopic Dermatitis (AD) or Allergic Contact Ddermatitis (ACD).
Other Name: CC-10004 (apremilast)

Detailed Description:

Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by dry, red, and itchy patches that can become thickened and lichenified with time. Contact Dermatitis, or Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD), is an eczematous reaction in response to an environmental allergen.

The etiology of Atopic Dermatitis (AD) and Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) has not been completely elucidated, and new understandings of underlying mechanisms have expanded and focused treatment regimens and paradigms.

Atopic Dermatitis (AD) is thought to be mediated by Th2 type T cells elaborating a number of cytokines which are blocked in vitro by apremilast. The chronic Atopic Dermatitis (AD) pathway may involve a change to Th1 cytokines. Genetic factors do not contribute as much to the course of Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) as in Atopic Dermatitis (AD). Rather, Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) is a type IV, T-cell mediated, delayed-hypersensitivity reaction that can be self-limited. Similar to Atopic Dermatitis (AD), a number of pro-inflammatory cytokines are involved in recruiting T cells preferentially to the skin: Th1 cytokines, Th2 cytokines, CD8 cytokines, and T-regulatory cytokines. These pathways in Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) are activated by IFN-γ, driven by TNF-α, and as above, apremilast has been shown to block these cytokines in vitro.

Current treatments for Atopic Dermatitis (AD) and Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) include skin care, trigger avoidance (especially in the case of ACD), topical corticosteroids, steroid sparing treatments, antihistamines, topical and systemic antibiotics, and ultraviolet light. For more recalcitrant Atopic Dermatitis (AD) and Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD)cases, several immunosuppressive treatments exist.

Subjects with recalcitrant Atopic Dermatitis (AD) or Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD)have exhausted conventional systemic treatment options because they do not respond to conventional systemic therapy or cannot use these agents due to side effects or cumulative toxicity.

There is an urgent need to evaluate new therapeutic options in recalcitrant Atopic Dermatitis (AD) and Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD). Very few of the available drugs for recalcitrant Atopic Dermatitis (AD) and Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) have reasonable efficacy and safety profiles in this condition, are easily available, or easy to administer. A new treatment strategy is needed for the treatment of recalcitrant contact or atopic dermatitis that would increase efficacy, minimize toxicity for both short and long-term treatment, and be easy to administer. The availability of alternative drug treatment(s) offering safe and effective short and long-term management would significantly benefit subjects with recalcitrant contact or atopic dermatitis.

This study uses a novel oral agent (apremilast) that modulates multiple anti-inflammatory pathways through targeted phosphodiesterase type IV (PDE4) inhibition decreased expression of dermatitis. Apremilast has pharmacodynamic properties with a potential therapeutic benefit for treating inflammatory autoimmune disorders that involve elevated serum cytokine levels, including Atopic Dermatitis (AD) and Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form.
  • Must be male or female and aged ≥ 18 years at time of consent.
  • Must be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  • Must have a documented history of contact or atopic dermatitis for at least 3 months prior to screening visit. Subjects will be asked to bring records at the time of screening visit; if they do not bring these records, subjects will be asked to complete and sign a release of records for which will be sent to the subject's physician. The Investigators will review records to confirm eligibility prior to enrolling a subject into the study.
  • Subjects must fulfill criteria outlined in at least one of the following clinical categories:

    • Unresponsive to standard systemic or topical therapy, as defined by clinical history, in the investigator's opinion, i.e. inadequate response to one or more adequate treatment course (s) of standard systemic therapy including but not limited to: topical steroids, ultraviolet light A [UVA], narrowband ultraviolet B (NBUVB), ultraviolet light B [UVB].
    • Intolerant to or cannot receive (e.g., contraindication to prescribe) standard systemic or topical therapy for contact or atopic dermatitis.
  • Must have a IGA score of at least moderate (3 on a 0 to 5 point scale) at screening.
  • Must meet the following laboratory criteria:

    • White blood cell count ≥ 3000/ μL (3 x 109/L) and < 14,000/ μL (< 14 x 109/L)
    • Platelet count > 100,000/ μL (100 x 109/L)
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL (≤ 132.6 μmol/L)
    • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative urine pregnancy test at screening. In addition, sexually active FCBP must agree to use TWO of the following adequate forms of contraception while on study medication:

    • oral, injectable, or implantable hormonal contraceptives;
    • tubal ligation;
    • intrauterine device;
    • barrier contraceptive with spermicide;
    • vasectomized partner while on study.
  • A FCBP must agree to have pregnancy tests every 4 weeks while on study medication.
  • Males (including those who have had a vasectomy) must agree to use barrier contraception (latex condoms) when engaging in sexual activity with FCBP while on study medication and for 84 days after taking the last dose of study medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to provide voluntary consent.
  • History of clinically significant (as determined by the investigator) cardiac, endocrinologic, pulmonary, neurologic, psychiatric, hepatic, renal, hematologic, immunologic, or other major disease. Potential subjects with severe uncontrolled conditions, such as severe uncontrolled diabetes, will be excluded.
  • Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Systemic fungal infection.
  • History of active mycobacterial infection with any species (including Mycobacterium tuberculosis) within 3 years prior to screening visit. Subjects with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection more than 3 years prior to screening visit are allowed if successful treatment was completed at least 3 years prior to randomization and is documented and available for verification.
  • Latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection as indicated by a positive Purified Protein Derivative [PPD] skin test. Subjects with a positive PPD skin test and documented completion of treatment for latent TB are eligible. Subjects with a positive PPD skin test and not treated or no documentation of completion of treatment are ineligible.
  • If QuantiFERON® test is performed instead of the PPD test, only those with a negative QuantiFERON® test are allowed in the study.
  • History of incompletely treated Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection as indicated by:

    • Subject's medical records documenting incomplete treatment for Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
    • Subject's self-reported history of incomplete treatment for Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  • History of recurrent bacterial infection (at least 3 major infections resulting in hospitalization and/or requiring intravenous antibiotic treatment within the past 2 years).
  • Clinically significant abnormality on the chest x-ray (CXR) at screening. Chest x-rays performed within 3 months prior to start of study drug are acceptable.
  • Contact or atopic Dermatitis flare within 30 days of screening, defined as a sudden intensification of contact or atopic dermatitis
  • Use of systemic therapy for contact or atopic dermatitis (including but not limited to cyclosporine, corticosteroids, methotrexate, oral retinoids, mycophenolate mofetil, thioguanine, hydroxyurea, sirolimus, tacrolimus, azathioprine) within 14 days of Week 0 (Baseline).
  • Topical therapy (including but not limited to topical steroids, topical vitamin A or D analog preparations, tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, or anthralin) within 7 days of Week 0 (Baseline). (Exception: Class VI or VII potency corticosteroids will be allowed [Appendix 18.8] for treatment of the palms, face, scalp, axillae, plantar surfaces and groin in accordance with the manufacturers suggested usage, except within 24 hours of a study visit. Non-medicated emollients [e.g., Eucerin®], and tar shampoo are also allowed.)
  • Adalimumab, etanercept, efalizumab or infliximab use within 56 days of Week 0 (Baseline).
  • Alefacept use within 180 days of Week 0 (Baseline).
  • Phototherapy (PUVA, UVA,NB-UVB, UVB) within 14 days of Week 0 (Baseline).
  • Use of any investigational medication within 4 weeks prior to start of study drug or 5 pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic half-lives (whichever is longer).
  • Any clinically significant abnormality on 12-lead ECG at screening.
  • History of congenital or acquired immunodeficiency (e.g., Common Variable Immunodeficiency [CVID]).
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen positive or Hepatitis B core antibody positive at screening.
  • History of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection.
  • Antibodies to Hepatitis C at screening.
  • Malignancy or history of malignancy (except for treated [i.e., cured] basal-cell skin carcinoma(s) or treated squamous-cell skin carcinomas).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00931242

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Tufts Medical Center, Department of Dermatology
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tufts Medical Center
Celgene Corporation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alice B. Gottlieb, M.D., PhD. Tufts Medical Center, Department of Dermatology
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:

Responsible Party: Alice B. Gottlieb, MD, PhD, Tufts Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00931242     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AD / CD, AP-ECZ-PI-0030
Study First Received: June 30, 2009
Results First Received: October 28, 2010
Last Updated: November 23, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Tufts Medical Center:
eczema
dermatitis
TNF blockade
PDE4 inhibitor
T cell inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dermatitis
Dermatitis, Allergic Contact
Dermatitis, Atopic
Dermatitis, Contact
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Delayed
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Eczematous
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Apremilast
Thalidomide
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Antineoplastic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014