A Study to Examine the Pharmacokinetics, Tolerability, Safety and Efficacy of Exenatide Once Weekly Suspension

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eli Lilly and Company
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00894322
First received: May 5, 2009
Last updated: April 16, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

This study is designed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, tolerability, and safety of exenatide once weekly suspension in both healthy subjects and in subjects with type 2 diabetes. The study will also evaluate efficacy in the type 2 diabetes patients. Development of this exenatide once weekly presentation would eliminate the need to reconstitute the product prior to use.


Condition Intervention Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Drug: exenatide once weekly
Other: Placebo
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Two-Cohort, Single- and Repeat Dose Study to Examine the Pharmacokinetics, Tolerability, and Safety of Ready to Use Exenatide Once Weekly in Healthy Subjects and in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bristol-Myers Squibb:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Area Under the Curve (AUC) for Single Dose of 10 mg Exenatide (Cohort 1) in Healthy Participants in the Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Day 1, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 1: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected at time = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 360, and 480 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0 on Day 1 and the mean is presented below. At all visits following the single injection, a single blood sample was collected for assessment of exenatide concentrations. AUC was measured in picograms * hours per milliliter (pg*hr/mL). Exenatide was measured using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). AUC calculated using linear trapezoidal method from time x to time y; AUC (0-8h) and (0-tlast) are presented below. Pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements [not less than (<) lower limits of quantification (LLOQ)] from Day 1 to Week 12 and had reliable PK data.

  • Maximum Concentration (Cmax) for Single Dose of 10 mg Exenatide (Cohort 1) in Healthy Participants in the Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Day 1, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 1: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected at time = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 360, and 480 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0 on Day 1 and the mean is presented below. At all visits following the single injection, a single blood sample was collected for assessment of exenatide concentrations. Cmax was measured in picograms per milliliter (pg/mL). Exenatide concentration was measured using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). PK evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements [not less than (<) lower limits of quantification (LLOQ)] from Day 1 to Week 12 for the evaluation of the PK characteristics of plasma exenatide and had reliable PK data. Cmax (0-8h) and (0-tlast) are presented below.

  • Time to Maximum Concentration (Tmax) for Single Dose of 10 mg Exenatide (Cohort 1) in Healthy Participants in the Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Day 1, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 1: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected at time(t) = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 360, and 480 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0 on Day 1 an the mean is presented below. At all visits following the single injection, a single blood sample was collected for assessment of exenatide concentrations. Tmax was measured in hours and Tmax (0-8h) and (0-tlast) are presented below. Exenatide concentration was measured using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). PK evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements [not less than (<) lower limits of quantification (LLOQ)] and had reliable PK data.

  • Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs), Injection Site TEAEs, Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), Deaths, and Withdrawals Due to AEs in Cohort 1 and Cohort 2 in Intent to Treat (ITT) Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Treatment emergent (TE)=occurs during or after treatment with study drug. Adverse Event (AE)=any new unfavorable symptom, sign, or disease or worsening of a preexisting condition that may not have a causal relationship with treatment. SAE=a medical event that at any dose results in death, persistent or significant disability/incapacity, or drug dependency/abuse; is life-threatening, an important medical event, or a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or requires or prolongs hospitalization. Participants experiencing multiple episodes of a given AE are counted once. Injection site AEs: adverse events that existed prior to Day 1 and worsened after the first administration at Day 1, or occurred after the first administration at Day 1 through Week 12, or after Study Termination if considered by investigator to be clinically significant.

  • Number of Participants With Concomitant Medications in Cohort 1 and Cohort 2 in ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Concomitant medications are defined as those medications received on or after the date of the first injection on Day 1, including prior medications that continued past Day 1 and new concomitant medications. Participants may be counted in more than one medication class and no more than once in each class. Categories by Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification using the World Health Organization (WHO) Drug Dictionary version C1, 01 March 2009. As per protocol, all participants in Cohort 1 could receive up to 2 anti-emetic medications approximately 30 minutes prior to the exenatide.

  • Mean Change From Baseline to End of Study in Sitting Diastolic and Systolic Blood Pressure in Cohorts 1 and 2 in ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    In Cohort 1, sitting blood pressures were obtained at Screening (Visit 1), Day 1 (Visit 2), Weeks 1-11 (Visits 3-13), Week 12 (Visit 14), and at early termination. Blood pressures (diastolic and systolic) were measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). In Cohort 2, sitting blood pressures were obtained at Screening (Visit 1), Day 1 (Visit 2), Weeks 1-10 (Visits 3-12), Week 11 (Visit 15), Week 12 (Visit 16) and at early termination. Baseline was defined as last measurement prior to first injection of study drug.

  • Mean Change From Baseline to End of Study in Sitting Heart Rate in Cohorts 1 and 2 in ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    In Cohort 1, sitting heart rates were obtained at Screening (Visit 1), Day 1 (Visit 2), Weeks 1-11 (Visits 3-13), Week 12 (Visit 14), and at early termination. Heart rate was measured in beats per minute (bpm). In Cohort 2, sitting heart rates were obtained at Screening (Visit 1), Day 1 (Visit 2), Weeks 1-10 (Visits 3-12), Week 11 (Visit 15), Week 12 (Visit 16) and at early termination. Baseline was defined as last measurement prior to first injection of study drug.

  • Number of Participants With Hematology and Serum Chemistry Laboratory Values of Potential Clinical Importance in Cohorts 1 and 2 in ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Abbreviations: Upper Limit of Normal (ULN); milligram per deciliter (mg/dL); units per liter (U/L); micro liters (µL); creatine kinase (CK); gamma-glutamyltransferase (G-GT). Normal ranges = Hematocrit: 40.6-52.3% (male), 35.3-47.0 (female); Platelets 155-361*10^3/µL(male/female); Calcium: 8.6-10.4 mg/dL (male/female); CK: 43-350 U/L (male), 28-207 U/L (female); G-GT: 7-62 U/L (male/female); Glucose 73-105 mg/dL (male/female); Lipase 14-70 U/L (male/female); Uric acid: 3.5-7.8 mg/dL (male), 2.3-5.9 mg/dL (female). Blood samples for laboratories were collected at screening, Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12 or early termination. Value for potential clinical importance is presented in each category presented below.

  • Antibody Titers for Participants With Treatment Emergent Positive Antibodies to Exenatide in Participants Who Received Exenatide in Cohorts 1 and 2 [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Serum titers of antibodies to exenatide were evaluated using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Covance Method No. ELISA-0308). Positive antibody to exenatide titer: observed at the indicated visit following a negative or missing titer at baseline, or a positive titer that has increased by at least 3 dilutions at the indicated visit from a detectable baseline. Baseline=Day 1. Negative titers were assigned a value of 1 in order to calculate geometric mean. Geometric mean of reportable titers, by study week, are presented below.

  • Area Under the Curve (AUC) for 2 mg Exenatide (Cohort 2) in Participants With Diabetes in the Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 10-11; Weeks 10 - 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 2: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected on Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. At Week 10, blood samples were collected at time = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, and 360 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0. AUC was measured in picograms * hours per milliliter (pg*hr/mL). Exenatide was measured using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). AUC calculated using linear trapezoidal method from time x to time y; AUC (0-6h) measured at Week 10, AUC (0-168h) steady state measured between Weeks 10 and 11, and AUC (0-tlast) for time interval between Weeks 10 and 12 (approximately336 hours) are presented below. PK evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements (not < LLOQ) from Day 1 to Week 12 and had reliable PK data.

  • Average Exenatide Concentration (Cave) of 2 mg Exenatide (Cohort 2) in Participants With Diabetes in the Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 10 - Week 11; Week 10 - Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 2: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected on Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. At Week 10, blood samples were collected at time = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, and 360 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0. At all visits following the single injection, a single blood sample was collected for assessment of exenatide concentrations. Cave(0-168h) and Cave(0-tlast) was the time-weighted mean concentration over the sampling period from time x to time y corresponding to AUC (0-168h), and AUC (0-tlast), respectively. Cave was measured in picograms per milliliter (pg/mL). Exenatide concentration was measured using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). PK evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements (not < LLOQ) from Day 1 to Week 12 and had reliable PK data.

  • Maximum Concentration (Cmax) for 2 mg Exenatide (Cohort 2) in Participants With Diabetes in the Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 10, Weeks 10-11, Weeks 10-12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 2: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected on Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. At Week 10, blood samples were collected at time = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, and 360 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0. Cmax was measured in pg/mL. Exenatide was measured using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Cmax summarized at 0-6 h at Week 10, 0-168 h at Weeks 10-11, and 0-tlast at Weeks 10-12. PK evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements (not < LLOQ) from Day 1 to Week 12 and had reliable PK data.

  • Time to Maximum Concentration (Tmax) of 2 mg Exenatide (Cohort 2) in Participants With Diabetes in Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Week 10, Weeks 10-11, Weeks 10-12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 2: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected on Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. At Week 10, blood samples were collected at time = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, and 360 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0. Tmax was measured in hours (h). Exenatide was measured using a validated ELISA. Tmax summarized at 0-6 h at Week 10, 0-168 h at Weeks 10-11, and 0-tlast at Weeks 10-12. PK evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements (not < LLOQ) from Day 1 to Week 12 and had reliable PK data.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • AUC (0 Hour to 168 Hour) for 10 mg Exenatide (Cohort 1) in Healthy Participants in the Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 1: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected at time = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 360, and 480 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0 on Day 1. At all visits following the single injection, a single blood sample was collected for assessment of exenatide concentrations. AUC (0-168 h) data represents average concentration rather than maximum concentration. Exenatide concentration was measured using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). AUC calculated using linear trapezoidal method from time x to time y and measured in pg*h/mL. PK evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements (not < LLOQ) from Day 1 to Week 12 and had reliable PK data.

  • Average Exenatide Concentration (Cave) of 10 mg Exenatide (Cohort 1) in Healthy Participants in the Pharmacokinetic Evaluable Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cohort 1: Blood samples for the assessment of plasma exenatide were collected at time = -15, 60, 90, 120, 180, 240, 360, and 480 minutes relative to study medication injection at time = 0 on Day 1. At all visits following the single dose, a single blood sample was collected for assessment of exenatide concentrations. Cave(0-168h) was the time-weighted mean concentration over the sampling period from time x to time y corresponding to AUC (0-168h) and was measured in picograms per milliliter (pg/mL). Exenatide concentration was measured using a validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). PK evaluable population consisted of all ITT participants who had at least 4 detectable plasma exenatide measurements [not less than (<) lower limits of quantification (LLOQ)] from Day 1 to Week 12 and had reliable PK data.

  • Least Square Mean Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) to Week 12 in Participants With Diabetes (Cohort 2) in the ITT Population [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HbA1c was measured as a percent of hemoglobin at screening, Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12 or early termination. Last observation carried forward (LOCF) was applied to estimate missing values at post baseline timepoints. Baseline=Day 1, last measurement prior to first dose of study drug.

  • Number of Participants Achieving HbA1c Less Than Equal to (<=) 6.5% and Less Than (<) 7% at Week 12 in Participants With Diabetes (Cohort 2) in the ITT Population [ Time Frame: Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HbA1c was measured as a percent of hemoglobin at screening, Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12 or early termination. LOCF was applied to estimate missing values at post baseline timepoints. Baseline=Day 1, last measurement prior to first dose of study drug.

  • Mean Change From Baseline at Week 12 in Body Weight in Participants With Diabetes (Cohort 2) in the ITT Population [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Body weight was measured in kilograms (kg). Baseline was Day 1, last measurement prior to first dose of study drug. Body weight was measured at screening, Day 1, Weeks 4, 8, 12 or early termination and the LOCF approach was applied to estimate missing value at each post baseline timepoint.

  • Mean Change From Baseline at Week 12 in Fasting Plasma Glucose in Participants With Diabetes (Cohort 2) for the ITT Population [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Baseline was the last measurement at the screening visit. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was measured at screening, Day 1, Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, or early termination and reported in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).


Enrollment: 65
Study Start Date: April 2009
Study Completion Date: August 2009
Primary Completion Date: August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cohort 1 Healthy Participants Single 10 mg Exenatide
A single 10-mg dose of exenatide once weekly suspension given to healthy participants via 3 subcutaneous (SC) injections at Day 1.
Drug: exenatide once weekly
subcutaneous injection, 10.0 mg, single injection
Experimental: Cohort 2 Diabetes Participants Exenatide 2 mg
On Day 1, participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with diet and exercise alone or with a stable regimen of metformin, thiazolidinedione (TZD), or a combination of metformin or TZD were randomized to receive weekly injections of exenatide suspension for 12 weeks.
Drug: exenatide once weekly
subcutaneous injection, 2.0 mg, once a week for 12 weeks
Placebo Comparator: Cohort 2 Diabetes Participants Placebo
On Day 1, participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with diet and exercise alone or with a stable regimen of metformin, thiazolidinedione (TZD), or a combination of metformin or TZD were randomized to receive weekly injections of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)-diluent placebo for 12 weeks.
Other: Placebo
subcutaneous injection, volume equivalent to Cohort 2 experimental intervention, once a week for 12 weeks

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Cohort 1:

  • Is 19 to 65 years old
  • Has a body mass index (BMI) of 23 kg/m2 to 35 kg/m2, inclusive, at study start

Cohort 2:

  • Is 19 to 75 years old
  • Has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Has HbA1c of 7.1% to 10.0%, inclusive, at study start
  • Has a body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 to 45 kg/m2, inclusive, at study start
  • Has been treated with diet and exercise alone or with a stable regimen of metformin, a TZD, or a combination of metformin and a TZD, for a minimum of 2 months prior to study start
  • Either is not treated with or has been on a stable treatment regimen with any of the following medications for a minimum of 2 months prior to study start:

    • Hormone replacement therapy (female subjects)
    • Oral contraceptives (female subjects)
    • Antihypertensive agents
    • Lipid-lowering agents
    • Thyroid replacement therapy
    • Antidepressant agents

Exclusion Criteria:

Cohort 1:

  • Has a personal history of diabetes mellitus (including impaired glucose tolerance, impaired fasting glucose, or gestational diabetes)
  • Has received any investigational drug within 30 days (or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug, whichever is greater) prior to study start
  • Has ever been exposed to exenatide (BYETTA, exenatide once weekly, or any other formulation of exenatide) or any GLP 1 analog

Cohort 2:

  • Has received any investigational drug within 30 days (or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug, whichever is greater) prior to study start
  • Has ever been exposed to exenatide (BYETTA, exenatide once weekly, or any other formulation of exenatide) or any GLP 1 analog
  • Has been treated, is currently being treated, or is expected to require or undergo treatment with any of the following treatment-excluded medications:

    • Any DPP-4 inhibitor or sulfonylurea (SU) within 3 months prior to study start
    • Alpha glucosidase inhibitor, meglitinide, nateglinide, or pramlintide (SYMLIN®) within 30 days prior to study start
    • Insulin within 2 weeks prior to study start or for more than 1 week within 3 months prior to study start
    • Systemic corticosteroids by oral, intravenous, or intramuscular route; or potent, inhaled, or intrapulmonary (including ADVAIR®) steroids known to have a high rate of systemic absorption
    • Prescription or over-the-counter weight loss medications within 3 months prior to study start
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00894322

Locations
United States, Nebraska
Research Site
Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Eli Lilly and Company
Investigators
Study Director: Vice President, Clinical Development Amylin Pharmaceuticals, LLC.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00894322     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BCB110
Study First Received: May 5, 2009
Results First Received: April 16, 2014
Last Updated: April 16, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Bristol-Myers Squibb:
diabetes
exenatide once weekly
Byetta
Amylin
Lilly

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Exenatide
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014