Feasibility Study of Radiofrequency Heating of Cardiac Infarction Scar to Treat Heart Failure (RECOVER)

This study has been terminated.
(Unable to recruit suitable subjects within a reasonable time period.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
CoRepair, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00881777
First received: April 13, 2009
Last updated: July 12, 2011
Last verified: July 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and potential effectiveness of a new surgical procedure for treating heart failure. The experimental treatment is performed during standard coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, and applies radiofrequency energy to heat a portion of the damaged heart muscle. The tissue heating reduces the enlarged heart of patients suffering from ischemic heart failure, and may result in the heart pumping blood more efficiently, thereby improving the functional status of the patient.


Condition Intervention Phase
Heart Failure
Procedure: Radiofrequency heating of the myocardial infarct scar
Procedure: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) surgery
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Radiofrequency Energy Use in Cardiomyopathy and Ventricular Enlargement (RECOVER)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by CoRepair, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Left Ventricular End Diastolic and Systolic Volume Indexes as measured by Cardiac MRI/CT [ Time Frame: 6 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Occurrence of any of the following: cardiac hemorrhage/rupture, cardiac tamponade, stroke/transient ischemic attack/renal failure, myocardial infarction, sepsis/cardiac-related infection, re-hospitalization for cardiac cause, or all-cause mortality [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Left Ventricular End Diastolic and Systolic Dimensions, Volumes, and Volume Indexes, and Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction as measured by Cardiac MRI/CT [ Time Frame: Peri-operative, 6 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in New York Heart Association Functional Classification and Canadian Cardiovascular Society Angina Grading Scale [ Time Frame: 1, 3, 6, and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Cardiopulmonary Exercise Stress Test (Peak VO2 and VE/VCO2 slope) [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in 6-Minute Walk distance [ Time Frame: 1, 3, 6, and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Quality of Life Questionnaire score (Minnesota Living With Heart Failure and EuroQol EQ-5D) [ Time Frame: 1, 3, 6, and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Occurrence of individual primary safety endpoints, heart failure deaths, heart failure hospitalizations, all-cause hospitalizations, days alive out of the hospital, and neurological assessments (NIH Stroke Scale and Mini-Mental Status Exam) [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 3
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: RF Heating + CABG
Radiofrequency heating of the myocardial infarct scar plus Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) surgery
Procedure: Radiofrequency heating of the myocardial infarct scar
Radiofrequency energy is applied to the epicardial surface of the heart using an external generator and a hand-held probe to heat myocardial infarction scar.
Procedure: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) surgery
A standard surgical procedure performed to relieve angina and reduce the risk of death from coronary artery disease. Arteries or veins from elsewhere in the body are grafted to the coronary arteries to bypass atherosclerotic narrowings and improve the blood supply to the coronary circulation supplying the myocardium.
Active Comparator: CABG Alone
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) surgery only, without radiofrequency heating of the myocardial infarct scar
Procedure: Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) surgery
A standard surgical procedure performed to relieve angina and reduce the risk of death from coronary artery disease. Arteries or veins from elsewhere in the body are grafted to the coronary arteries to bypass atherosclerotic narrowings and improve the blood supply to the coronary circulation supplying the myocardium.

Detailed Description:

Heart failure is an important health-care problem, resulting in significant numbers of patients, hospitalizations, and economic costs. The etiology of heart failure is coronary artery disease in approximately two-thirds of cases, and the majority of these patients have experienced prior myocardial infarction. As a consequence of the myocardial infarction, the ventricle undergoes changes in volume and shape, a process referred to as "ventricular remodeling". As the left ventricle enlarges, global systolic function worsens, resulting in heart failure. There are a number of treatment options available to minimize symptoms and somewhat slow disease progression. Unfortunately, even with best conventional drug and device therapies, heart failure patients continue to have high morbidity and mortality rates. The experimental therapy investigated in this study uses a surgical device which employs radiofrequency energy to heat epicardial tissue. The application of heat to a myocardial infarction scar causes it to shrink in size, and correspondingly reduces ventricular volume. The volume reduction may "reverse remodel" the enlarged and dysfunctioning left ventricle to a more normal size and shape. The intent of this clinical study is to evaluate whether radiofrequency heating of the myocardial infarct scar is safe, and determine if the resulting ventricular volume reduction translates into improved clinical and functional outcomes in patients suffering from ischemic heart failure.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 to 80 years, inclusive
  • Symptomatic heart failure (defined as persistent NYHA class II or III during the 3 months prior to enrollment)
  • On evidence-based medical therapy for heart failure during the 1 month prior to enrollment
  • Referred for elective coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Dyskinetic transmural myocardial infarct located in the apical portion of the anterior, lateral, and/or inferior left ventricular wall as determined by transthoracic echocardiography ("transmural" means end-diastolic wall thickness of 4 - 6 mm, inclusive)
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction 20 - 45%, inclusive as determined by transthoracic echocardiography
  • Left ventricular end-systolic volume index ≥ 60 ml/m2 as determined by transthoracic echocardiography
  • 6-minute walk distance over 150 m
  • Peak VO2 (ml/kg/min): 10.0 - 20.0 for males and 9.0 - 18.0 for females

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Myocardial infarction ≤ 3 months prior to enrollment
  • Evidence of calcification within the scar intended to be treated by any imaging modality
  • Presence of a coronary stent within the scar intended to be treated
  • Evidence of left ventricular thrombus
  • Emergent cardiac surgery
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ≤ 1 month prior to enrollment or planned following enrollment
  • Only for patients undergoing MR (rather than CT) imaging: Contraindications for MRI (current or anticipated during the 6 months following enrollment), such as pacemaker, Automatic Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (AICD), Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) device, central nervous system aneurysm clips, Cochlear implant, or metal shrapnel
  • Only for patients undergoing MR (rather than CT) imaging: Acute or chronic severe renal insufficiency (i.e. a glomerular filtration rate < 30 ml/min/1.73m2) or acute renal insufficiency of any severity due to hepato-renal syndrome
  • Only for patients undergoing MR (rather than CT) imaging: Known allergy or reaction to Gadolinium
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Prior cardiac surgery (including coronary artery bypass grafting, valve replacement or repair, aortic root replacement) or anticipated during the 6 months following enrollment
  • Major non-cardiac surgery (e.g. knee or hip replacement, laparotomy, carotid endarterectomy, etc.) ≤ 3 months prior to enrollment or planned during the 6 months following enrollment
  • Prior heart, kidney, liver, or lung transplantation
  • Valvular heart disease requiring replacement or repair (e.g. mitral valve regurgitation ≥ 3+)
  • Cardiogenic shock ≤ 72 hours prior to the CABG surgery (defined as need for Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump or requiring intravenous inotropic support)
  • Currently needing (or anticipated need for) Left Ventricular Assist Device or other cardiac replacement device
  • On active heart transplant list or anticipated need for transplant during the 6 months following enrollment
  • Stoke or transient ischemic attack ≤ 3 months prior to enrollment
  • Chronic dialysis
  • Major infection or sepsis ≤ 72 hours of enrollment (defined as requiring IV antibiotics for > 3 days)
  • Endocarditis, myocarditis, or pericarditis
  • Co-morbid condition that, in the investigator's opinion, results in the patient's life expectancy being < 180 days
  • Evidence of significant blood chemistry abnormalities, including creatinine > 2.5 mg/dl, BUN ≥ 100 mg/dl, liver function tests > 3 times upper limit of normal, Hgb < 10 gm/dl, HCT < 25%, platelet count < 100,000/mm3, or white blood cell count < 3,000/mm3 or > 20,000/mm3
  • Females of child-bearing potential without a documented negative pregnancy test within the 14 days prior to enrollment (and prior to the MRI or CT) or who are unwilling to use effective contraception for the duration of this study
  • Participation in another investigational device or drug trial
  • Unable or unwilling to give Informed Consent
  • Unwilling or unlikely to complete the required follow-up
  • Any other medical condition that, in the judgment of the investigator, would cause this study to be detrimental to the patient
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00881777

Locations
Paraguay
Sanatorio Italiano
Asuncion, Paraguay
Poland
The Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski Institute of Cardiology
Warsaw, Poland, 04-628
Silesian Center for Heart Diseases
Zabrze, Poland, 41-800
Sponsors and Collaborators
CoRepair, Inc.
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Andrew J. Ford, Jr. / Director of Clinical Affairs, CoRepair, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00881777     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2008-01 Rev. C
Study First Received: April 13, 2009
Last Updated: July 12, 2011
Health Authority: Serbia and Montenegro: Agency for Drugs and Medicinal Devices
Poland: Office for Registration of Medicinal Products, Medical Devices and Biocidal Products
Paraguay: Ministerio de Salud Pública y Bienestar Social

Keywords provided by CoRepair, Inc.:
Heart Failure
Cardiomyopathy
Ventricular Dysfunction
Heart Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Cardiomyopathies
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014