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A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Fondaparinux for the Prevention of Venous Blood Clots in Patients With a Plaster Cast or Other Type of Immobilization for a Below-knee Injury Not Needing Surgery (FONDACAST)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00843492
First received: December 11, 2008
Last updated: February 6, 2014
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fondaparinux in comparison with a heparin (nadroparin) in preventing deep vein thrombosis (blood clots in the leg veins), whether symptomatic or detected by ultrasound, and pulmonary embolism (blood clots that migrate to the lungs) in patients with leg injuries below the knee that require a cast or other type of immobilization but not surgery.


Condition Intervention Phase
Thrombosis, Venous
Drug: Fondaparinux sodium
Drug: Nadroparin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Multicentre, Randomized, Open-label Study to Evaluate the Efficacy andSafety of Fondaparinux Versus Low Molecular Weight Heparin(Nadroparin) in Patients Requiring Rigid or Semi-rigid Immobilization for at Least 21 Days and up to 45 Days Because of Isolated Non-surgical Below-Knee Injury

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) or Death up to the Time of Complete Mobilization [ Time Frame: Day 1 to complete mobilization plus 2 days (average of 35.9 study days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    VTE is defined as asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT: the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein) detected by systematic compression ultrasonography, symptomatic DVT, or symptomatic fatal or non-fatal pulmonary embolism (PE). An embolism is a clot in the blood that forms and blocks a blood vessel. A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that has travelled from elsewhere in the body through the blood stream to block the main artery of the lung or one of its branches. All venous thromboembolic events and deaths were adjudicated by the independent Central Adjudication Committee (CAC).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Any Adjudicated Components of VTE, Asymptomatic DVT, Symptomatic DVT, Symptomatic PE, and Death [ Time Frame: Day 1 to complete mobilization plus 2 days (average of 35.7 study days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    All components of the primary endpoint were considered separately: any VTE; symptomatic (providing no evidence of disease existence) DVT (the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein) detected by systematic compression ultrasonography; symptomatic(providing evidence of disease existence) DVT; symptomatic PE (blood clot that has travelled from elsewhere in the body through the blood stream to block the main artery of the lung of one of its branches); and death.

  • Number of Participants With Confirmed VTE and Death up to the Final Visit or Contact [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 5 weeks (plus or minus 1 week) after complete mobilization (average of 67.8 study days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants with VTE (defined as asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis [DVT: the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein] detected by systematic compression ultrasonography, symptomatic DVT, or symptomatic fatal or non-fatal pulmonary embolism [PE]) and death was assessed. An embolism is a clot in the blood that forms and blocks a blood vessel. A PE is a blood clot that has travelled from elsewhere in the body through the blood stream to block the main artery of the lung or one of its branches.

  • Number of Participants With Major Bleeding From Day 1 to Complete Mobilization and From Day 1 up to the Final Visit or Contact [ Time Frame: Day 1 to complete mobilization plus 4 days (average of 37.7 study days); Day 1 up to final visit or contact (average of 66.3 study days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Major bleeding is defined as bleeding that results in a fatality, symptomatic bleeding in a critical area or organ, bleeding causing a fall in hemoglobin level of 20 grams/liter (1.24 millimoles/liter) or more compared with the pre-randomization hemoglobin level, or bleeding that leads to a transfusion of two or more units of whole blood or red blood cells. All episodes of bleeding were adjudicated by an independent CAC. The committee members were unaware of the participants' treatment assignment.

  • Number of Participants With Clinically Relevant Non-major Bleeding From Day 1 to Complete Mobilization and From Day 1 up to the Final Visit or Contact [ Time Frame: Day 1 to complete mobilization plus 4 days (average of 37.7 study days); Day 1 up to final visit or contact (average of 66.3 study days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Clinically relevant non-major bleeding that does not qualify as major is defined as bleeding leading to treatment discontinuation, and/or epistaxis (bleeding through the nose) that lasts for more than 5 minutes or necessitates intervention (e.g., packing), spontaneous macroscopic haematuria (blood in urine), gastrointestinal haemorrhage, haemoptysis (coughing up blood), or subcutaneous haematoma (localized collection of blood) > 100 centimeters squared. All episodes of bleeding were adjudicated by an independent CAC. The committee members were unaware of the participants' treatment assignment.

  • Number of Participants With Minor Bleeding From Day 1 to Complete Mobilization and From Day 1 up to the Final Visit or Contact [ Time Frame: Day 1 to complete mobilization plus 4 days (average of 37.7 study days); Day 1 up to final visit or contact (average of 66.3 study days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Minor bleeding is defined as clinically overt bleeding events that do not meet the criteria for major or clinically relevant non-major bleeding. All episodes of bleeding were adjudicated by an independent CAC. The committee members were unaware of the participants' treatment assignment.

  • Participants With Any Incidence of Any Bleeding Event as Adjudicated by a CAC) From Day 1 to Complete Mobilization and From Day 1 up to the Final Visit or Contact [ Time Frame: Day 1 to complete mobilization plus 4 days (average of 37.7 study days); Day 1 up to final visit or contact (average of 66.3 study days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    All episodes of bleeding, except minor bruising, skin hematomas not greater than 5 centimeters in diameter, self-limited epistaxis (bleeding through the nose), and self-limited gingival (gum) bleeding, were adjudicated by an independent CAC. The committee members were unaware of the participants' treatment assignment.


Enrollment: 1351
Study Start Date: December 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Nadroparin
After randomization (Day 1), subjects will receive subcutaneously once daily nadroparin 2850 anti-Xa IU (0.3 mL) for at least 21 Days, up to complete mobilization, corresponding to cast or brace removal. The maximal duration of treatment is 45 days. Patients will then be followed up to five weeks (± one week) after the cast or brace removal.
Drug: Nadroparin
After randomization (Day 1), subjects will receive subcutaneously once daily nadroparin 2850 anti-Xa IU (0.3 mL) for at least 21 Days, up to complete mobilization, corresponding to cast or brace removal. The maximal duration of treatment is 45 days.
Experimental: Fondaparinux
After randomization (Day 1), subjects will receive subcutaneously, once daily, fondaparinux 2.5 mg (1.5 mg in patients with creatinine clearance between 30 and 50 mL/min) for at least 21 Days, up to complete mobilization, corresponding to cast or brace removal. The maximal duration of treatment is 45 days. Patients will then be followed up to five weeks (± one week) after the cast or brace removal.
Drug: Fondaparinux sodium
After randomization (Day 1), subjects will receive subcutaneously once daily fondaparinux 2.5 mg [0.5mL] (1.5 mg [0.3mL] in patients with creatinine clearance between 30 and 50 mL/min) for at least 21 Days, up to complete mobilization, corresponding to cast or brace removal. The maximal duration of treatment is 45 days.

Detailed Description:

The study is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fondaparinux sodium 2.5 mg (1.5 mg in patients with a creatinine clearance between 30 and 50 mL/min) once daily versus Low-Molecular Weight Heparin (nadroparin 2850 anti-Xa IU, 0.3 mL, once daily), with respect to the occurrence of venous thromboembolism, death and bleeding complications in patients requiring rigid or semi-rigid immobilization for at least 21 days and up to 45 days because of isolated nonsurgical below-knee injury. Treatment will be continued up to complete mobilization, e.g. plaster cast or brace removal, for a maximum of 45 days. The study will be a European, multicentre, randomized, open-label, controlled, two-parallel-group, phase III study in 1350 male and female patients 18 years of age or older, presenting with at least one additional major risk factor for VTE. After randomization (Day 1), subjects will receive subcutaneously, once daily, either fondaparinux or nadroparin up to complete mobilization. After cast or brace removal, a systematic, bilateral compression ultrasound will be done in all patients. Patients will be contacted five weeks (± one week) after complete mobilization. All suspected venous thromboembolic events, including asymptomatic deep vein thrombosis, all deaths, and all bleeding events (with the exception of certain types of minor bleeding events defined in the protocol) will be reviewed by an independent adjudication committee blind to treatment assignment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Requiring rigid or semi-rigid immobilization (e.g. with a plaster cast or brace) for at least 21 days and up to 45 days because of isolated non-surgical below-knee injury
  • With a no weight-bearing recommendation at the time of inclusion (partial weight bearing is permitted e.g. crutches, walking cast, relief shoes),
  • Presenting at least one of the following risk factors for venous thromboembolism: below-knee fracture or Achilles tendon rupture, age ≥40 years, body mass index > 30 kg/m2, oestrogen-containing hormonal replacement therapy or oral contraception, active cancer (treatment ongoing or stopped for less than one year), history of VTE, congenital or acquired hypercoagulable state,
  • Requiring thromboprophylaxis according to the Investigator's judgement up to complete mobilization (corresponding to cast or brace removal)
  • Able and willing to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Delay between injury and randomization greater than two days,
  • Treatment with antithrombotic or anticoagulant therapy, including low-dose anticoagulation, for more than 2 days prior to randomization,
  • Anticoagulant therapy required or likely to be required during the study period for another reason (e.g. planned surgery justifying pharmacological thromboprophylaxis, curative dose for treatment of VTE, etc.)
  • Known hypersensitivity to fondaparinux or nadroparin or their excipient,
  • Known history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia,
  • Women of childbearing potential not using a reliable contraceptive method throughout the study period,
  • Women pregnant or breast-feeding during the study period.
  • Active, clinically significant bleeding,
  • Clinically significant bleeding within the past six months,
  • Major surgery within the previous three months,
  • Intraocular (other than cataract), spinal, and/or brain surgery within the previous twelve months,
  • Haemorrhagic stroke within the previous twelve months,
  • Severe head injury within the previous three months,
  • Documented congenital or acquired bleeding tendency/disorder(s),
  • Previous (within 12 months) or active or currently treated peptic ulcer disease,
  • Uncontrolled arterial hypertension (systolic blood pressure over 180 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure over 110 mm Hg),
  • Treatment with more than one antiplatelet agents (e.g. clopidogrel and aspirin) at any dose,
  • Need for chronic aspirin at doses≥ 325 mg or chronic NSAIDs,
  • Bacterial endocarditis,
  • Severe hepatic impairment,
  • Calculated creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min,
  • Thrombocytopenia ( <100x10_9/L)
  • Body weight < 50 kg.
  • Any condition that could prevent the patient from providing written informed consent or from adhering to study treatment,
  • Life expectancy under six months,
  • Participation in any study using an investigational drug during the previous three months,
  • Patient in whom V3 is unlikely to be feasible (e.g. patient moving house),
  • In France, a subject will not be eligible for inclusion in this study if not either affiliated to or a beneficiary of a social security system. This is an additional exclusion criterion only applying to subjects enrolled in France.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00843492

  Show 122 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00843492     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 109350
Study First Received: December 11, 2008
Results First Received: May 24, 2012
Last Updated: February 6, 2014
Health Authority: Spain: Agencia Española del Medicamento y Productos Sanitarios
Italy: Comitato Etico della ASL Città di Milano
Germany: Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte
France: Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Produits de Santé
Netherlands: De Centrale Commissie Mensgebonden Onderzoek

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
deep vein thrombosis
immobilization
nadroparin
isolated lower-extremity injuries distal to the knee
plaster cast
non-surgical leg injury
venous thromboembolism
bleeding events
fondaparinux

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Knee Injuries
Thrombosis
Venous Thrombosis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Embolism and Thrombosis
Leg Injuries
Vascular Diseases
Wounds and Injuries
Fondaparinux
Nadroparin
PENTA
Anticoagulants
Cardiovascular Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Fibrinolytic Agents
Hematologic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 24, 2014