Pilot Study of Bumetanide for Newborn Seizures
The main goal of the study is to obtain pharmacokinetic and safety data of bumetanide in newborns with refractory seizures. The overall hypothesis is that bumetanide, added to conventional antiepileptic (antiseizure) medications, will be a safe and well tolerated medication, compared with conventional antiepileptic drugs alone.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Pilot Study of Bumetanide for Newborn Seizures: A Phase I Study of Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Bumetanide for Neonatal Seizures|
- The primary outcome is determination of the pharmacokinetics and safety of bumetanide in newborns with refractory seizures. [ Time Frame: Four to five years are anticipated for collection of the neonatal data ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- A secondary outcome is determination of the feasibility of a novel study design to test antiepileptic drugs to treat neonatal seizures caused by acute hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in a clinical trial. [ Time Frame: Four to five years are anticipated for collection of the neonatal data. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Standard phenobarbital plus either 0.1 mg/kg, 0.2 mg/kg, or 0.3 mg/kg of bumetanide as determined by the status of the dose escalation design.
Bumetanide IV given in addition to standard anticonvulsant medication
Other Name: Bumex
Placebo Comparator: 2
Standard phenobarbital therapy plus normal saline placebo
Other: Normal Saline
Normal Saline IV given in addition to standard anticonvulsant medication
Seizures occur more often during the newborn period (2-3.5 per 1000 live births) than at any later age. Neonatal seizures can lead to frequent and serious long-term consequences in survivors, such as later epilepsy and significant cognitive and motor disabilities. Unfortunately there are no completely effective drugs to treat neonatal seizures. Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) currently used to treat neonatal seizures are generally ineffective and have significant potential for side effects. Furthermore, many of these AEDs have never been tested in a randomized study. Numerous experts have thus emphasized in the last few years the urgent need for randomized trials of potential new treatments for neonatal seizures. We are conducting a pilot study of the drug bumetanide as one such potential and novel treatment. Bumetanide is a commercially available drug that has been used safely in newborns as a diuretic for many years with minimal side effects. Recent basic science research in animals has shown bumetanide to be very effective in reducing seizures in neonatal animals by blocking a specific chloride importer which is highly expressed in neonates but not in children and adults (1). Moreover, these experimental studies have shown bumetanide to be particularly effective against seizures when used in combination with phenobarbital (PB), which is the standard first drug given to treat neonatal seizures (2).
We will conduct a randomized, double-blind, controlled, dose escalation study of BTN as add-on therapy to treat refractory seizures caused by HIE, focal or multi-focal stroke, or intracranial hemorrhage not controlled by an initial loading dose of PB. The trial will test the feasibility of early enrollment of newborns with HIE, rapid application of a full montage EEG, and continuous review of EEG data to detect refractory seizures as soon as they occur following an initial loading dose of PB. When an EEG-proven seizure occurs at least 30 minutes following a loading dose of PB, the newborn will be randomized to receive either BTN or placebo in conjunction with a second dose of PB. Clinical, laboratory and continuous EEG monitoring data obtained after BTN administration will be analyzed to determine the pharmacokinetics and safety of BTN by comparing data from treatment and standard therapy groups. This study address important challenges in trial design and sets the stage for trials to improve treatment of neonatal seizures. Data from this pilot study will be used to guide design of a planned Phase III multicenter trial to test the efficacy of BTN to control refractory neonatal seizures.
- Dzhala VI, Talos DM, Sdrulla DA, Brumback AC, Mathews GC, Benke TA, Delpire E, Jensen FE, Staley KJ: NKCC1 transporter facilitates seizures in the developing brain. Nat Med 2005;11:1205-1213.
- Dzhala VI, Brumback AC, Staley KJ: Bumetanide enhances phenobarbital efficacy in a neonatal seizure model. Ann Neurol 2008;63:222-235.
|Contact: Janet Soul, MD,CMfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Kevin Staley, MD||617-724-6699||Staley.Kevin@mgh.harvard.edu|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston Children's Hospital||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Contact: Janet Soul, MD, CM 617-355-8994 email@example.com|
|Massachusetts General Hospital||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Contact: Kevin J Staley, MD Staley.Kevin@mgh.harvard.edu|
|Principal Investigator: Kevin J Staley, MD|
|Brigham and Women's Hospital||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Contact: Robert Insoft, MD 617-732-7739 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Tufts Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111|
|Contact: David Griesemer, MD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Janet Soul, MD,CM||Boston Children's Hospital|