Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Chronic Stable Brain Injury (HYBOBI)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Deseret Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00830453
First received: January 27, 2009
Last updated: September 2, 2011
Last verified: September 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to discover the feasibility of conducting clinical research in individuals with chronic sequelae following brain injury who are given hyperbaric oxygen. This study will also look at the outcome of individuals with a chronic stable brain injury due to trauma, anoxia (lack of oxygen to the brain), or stroke, who are given hyperbaric oxygen. Outcome measures testing cognitive (memory, etc.) and functional (balance, strength, etc.) measures will be performed before the hyperbaric sessions, immediately following them, and 6 months later. The subject will receive 60 hyperbaric sessions, 60 minutes in the chamber, to a pressure of 1.5 ATA, once daily, Monday through Friday.


Condition Intervention Phase
Brain Injury
Sequelae
Stroke
Anoxia
Trauma
Procedure: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Chronic Stable Brain Injury

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Intermountain Health Care, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • With this feasibility trial we wish to determine if we can recruit suitable subjects and if they will be able to comply with the protocol and tolerate 60 hyperbaric oxygen sessions. [ Time Frame: Immediately following completion of final hyperbaric oxygen session ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To estimate the immediate and long-term effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on subjects with chronic brain injury. This feasibility trial may be underpowered to demonstrate efficacy, or not, with hyperbaric oxygen. [ Time Frame: Outcome measures performed immediately after final hyperbaric oxygen session and 6 months later. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: November 2003
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Procedure: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2)
    60 daily hyperbaric oxygen sessions 1.5 atmospheres absolute, 100% oxygen 60 minutes per session, from door closing to door opening
Detailed Description:

Hyperbaric oxygen is presently being used in an attempt to improve functional outcome following a multitude of brain injuries such as stroke, anoxic brain injury, traumatic brain injury, and others. Family members of brain-injured individuals correspond via the Internet into coalitions demanding that their loved ones receive hyperbaric oxygen therapy. There are anecdotal reports of benefit with hyperbaric oxygen following brain injury but there is little credible scientific evidence for efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen in brain injury. Clearly, what is needed to answer if hyperbaric oxygen improves brain injury are results from carefully designed multi-center, prospective, randomized controlled clinical trials. However, the implementation of such a Phase III clinical trial is challenging without information from Phase II trials. We propose to conduct a feasibility trial that may potentially guide a future Phase III clinical trial.

Mechanisms by which hyperbaric oxygen improves sequelae following brain injury are speculative. Hyperbaric oxygen upregulates growth factor receptor sites on human endothelium and can stimulate healing in hypoxic wounds. It is conceivable that hyperbaric oxygen exerts similar effects within damaged neuronal tissue but this information is lacking. Stem cells are present in the adult brain and there is speculation that hyperbaric oxygen may stimulate these stem cells to generate new neurons, but once again, this information is speculative.

In this Phase II feasibility prospective clinical trial, we propose to recruit and enroll 70 brain-injured subjects and expose them daily to hyperbaric oxygen at 1.5 atmospheres absolute for 60 minutes per session, for 60 sessions per subject. This research protocol is the one most commonly used by practitioners who claim benefit with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Before and after the 60 hyperbaric oxygen sessions, and at 6 months following completion of hyperbaric oxygen, outcome measures consisting of neuropsychological testing, functional measures, health-related quality of life measures, and a neurological examination will be conducted and analyzed with the subjects serving as their own controls. Important information regarding a subsequent Phase III clinical trial, including subject recruitment, tolerance and risk of therapy, dropout rate, and potential benefit or lack of benefit with hyperbaric oxygen will be reported.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has had a brain injury at least 12 months prior to study enrollment.
  • Subject is at least 18 years old.
  • Etiology of brain injury: Stroke, anoxia, and trauma
  • Must be able to equalize ears, or have tympanostomy tubes
  • Willingness to complete outcome measures and complies with the research protocols.
  • Commitment to pay the hospital for hyperbaric oxygen.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Glasgow Coma Scores less than 13 at the time of hyperbaric oxygen evaluation.
  • Poorly controlled seizures(ie:>1 generalized seizure in past 3 months despite appropriate anticonvulsant therapy). Pharmacologically-controlled seizures or focal seizures are not an exclusion to participate.
  • Inability to participate in outcome assessments (eg: blindness, quadraplegia)
  • Claustrophobia (unwillingness or inability to enter the hyperbaric chamber).
  • Inability to equalize ears. The patient could elect to have bilateral tympanostomy tubes.
  • Inability to protect airway, and or requiring frequent suctioning.
  • Patients requiring tracheostomy will be ineligible due to limitations in autoinflation of the middle ear space and difficulty to perform airway suctioning in the single-person chamber.
  • Pregnancy (beta HCG will be assayed in women who could be pregnant prior to enrollment).
  • Severe psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bi-polar disease. We appreciate that psychiatric problems such as depression and anxiety may follow brain injuries so we would not exclude patients based on brain-injury induced psychiatric disorders, but will exclude patients with severe pre-injury psychiatric disorders.
  • Patients taking lithium (due to the possibility of concomitant toxic side effects with hyperbaric oxygen therapy, specifically hyperexcitability).
  • Degenerative Mental Disease (eg: Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis, senile dementia, severe psychiatric disorder (schizophrenia, bi-polar disease, etc.).
  • Presence of chronic debilitating disease (end-stage renal disease, end-stage liver disease, diabetes with sequelae).
  • Heart failure patients with ejection fractions less than 50% or inability to lay supine.
  • Patients with active malignancy, or prior treatment with cisplatin or bleomycin (there is some evidence that prior cisplatin and bleomycin therapy may place the patient at increased risk for serious oxidated stress with inhalation of high concentrations of oxygen).
  • Evidence of current recreational drug use, either by history, or by comprehensive urine drug testing (due to confounds on outcome measure interpretation).
  • Consumption of more than the equivalent of 12 beers/week habitually.
  • Prior treatment with hyperbaric oxygen for chronic brain injury within the last year.
  • Women of child-bearing potential
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00830453

Locations
United States, Utah
LDS Hospital
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84143
Sponsors and Collaborators
Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
Deseret Foundation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Susan K. Churchill, APRN-NP Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Lindell K. Weaver, MD Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
  More Information

No publications provided by Intermountain Health Care, Inc.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00830453     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 950-352
Study First Received: January 27, 2009
Last Updated: September 2, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Intermountain Health Care, Inc.:
Brain injury with sequelae from stroke, anoxia, or trauma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Injuries
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Craniocerebral Trauma
Trauma, Nervous System
Wounds and Injuries

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014