A Phase I Trial Evaluating mFOLFOX6 and Avastin With Nexavar as First-Line Treatment for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(Dose limiting toxicity at the lowest planned dose level.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bayer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Accelerated Community Oncology Research Network
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00779311
First received: October 23, 2008
Last updated: October 31, 2011
Last verified: October 2011
  Purpose

This research study is being performed at approximately 3 sites associated with Accelerated Community Oncology Research Network, Inc. (ACORN). Approximately 45 subjects will take part in this study.

In this study, everyone will receive the same dose of mFOLFOX6 and Avastin. There will be five groups of subjects. Each group of subjects will receive a higher dose of Nexavar than the previous group. This will continue until a subject group has a major side effects from the dose they are given. This is so that the sponsor can determine the highest dose of Nexavar that can be used with mFOLFOX6 and AVastin (this is called the maximum tolerated dose or MTD).


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Drug: sorafenib
Drug: bevacizumab
Drug: mFOLFOX6 regimen
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial Evaluating mFOLFOX6 and Avastin With Nexavar as First-Line Treatment for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Accelerated Community Oncology Research Network:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determination of the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Sorafenib When Given in Combination With mFOLFOX6 and Bevacizumab [ Time Frame: MTD was assessed during the first 2 cycles of treatment (i.e., the first 4 weeks of treatment since cycle length is 2 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The MTD of sorafenib was determined using a standard 3 + 3 dose escalation cohort design. The total sample and the number of patients who receive each dose depends on the frequency of dose limiting toxicities (DLT) at each dosage. If 0 out of 3 patients experience a DLT at a given dosage level, 3 patients will be enrolled at the next dosage level. If greater than or equal to 2 patients experience a DLT at a given dosage level, dosage escalation will be stopped. If 1 out of 3 patients experience a DLT at a given dosage level, 3 patients are enrolled at the same dosage level.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determination of Progression Free Survival (PFS) Among Patients on This Regimen [ Time Frame: PFS was measured from day 1 of treatment until time of progression (assessed every 8 weeks) or death, whichever came first. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS is defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever comes first.

  • Determination of Quality of Life (QoL) as Indicated by Patient Care Monitor (PCM) Data Among Patients on This Regimen [ Time Frame: The PCM questionnaire was administered on day 1 of each cycle (approximately every 2 weeks) during study treatment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The subject answers questions from the following 6 categories: general physical symptoms, treatment side effects, distress, despair, impaired performance, and impaired ambulation. Each question has a scale from 0 through 10, where 0 is not a problem and 10 is as bad as possible. The frequency of patient reported severe (rated as >=7) symptoms reported from the set of symptoms assessed by the PCM.


Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: October 2008
Study Completion Date: March 2011
Primary Completion Date: March 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Experimenal
All eligible patients will receive the mFOLFOX6 regimen at full dose followed by IV bevacizumab 5mg/kg on Day 1 of each treatment cycle. Sorafenib will be administered daily throughout treatment beginning on day 1
Drug: sorafenib
Sorafenib will be administered daily starting day 1 at 200mg QOD at Dose Level 1; 200mg/day at Dose Level 2; 200mg BID (5 days on/ 2 days off) at Dose Level 3; 200mg BID at Dose Level 4; and 400mg BID at Dose Level 5.
Other Name: Nexavar
Drug: bevacizumab
Bevacizumab will be administered as 5mg/kg IV on Day 1 of each treatment cycle.
Other Name: Avastin
Drug: mFOLFOX6 regimen
The mFOLFOX6 regimen will be administered on Day 1 of each treatment cycle. This regimen consists of oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 IV given over 2 hours, leucovorin 400 mg/m2 IV given over 2 hours, and fluorouracil 400 mg/m2 IV bolus, followed by fluorouracil 1200 mg/m2 per day for 2 days continuous infusion.

Detailed Description:

This is an investigator-initiated, multicenter, network, Phase 1, open-label, dose-ranging study. The maximum sample size will be 45 patients (up to 30 patients for determining MTD at Phase I, and an additional 15 patients to provide for estimate of progression free survival). All eligible patients will receive the mFOLFOX6 regimen at full dose followed by IV bevacizumab 5mg/kg on Day 1 of each treatment cycle. Treatment cycle length is 2 weeks (Q2W). Sorafenib will be administered daily throughout treatment beginning on day 1.

Dose limiting toxicity will be defined as any grade 4 hematologic event or any grade 3 or 4 non-hematologic event occurring during cycle 1 or 2 that is attributable to sorafenib or the combination. The following events are excluded from this definition: grade 3 nausea and/or vomiting responsive to antiemetics; grade 3 fever or infection; grade 3 diarrhea responsive to antidiarrheal therapy.

Three patients will be enrolled at a dose level and observed for dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) for 2 cycles of treatment. Dose escalation for sorafenib will depend on the number of patients experiencing DLT(s) as follows:

  • If 0/3 patients experience DLT(s), then 3 more patients are treated at the next higher dose.
  • If 1/3 patients experiences DLT(s), then 3 more patients are enrolled at that dose. If 1/6 of the patients treated at that dose experiences DLT(s), then the next cohort is treated at the next higher dose. However, if ≥2/6 patients experience DLT(s) at that dose, then the MTD is considered to have been exceeded. At that point, 3 more patients are treated at the next lower dose, unless 6 have already been treated at that lower dose.
  • If ≥2/3 patients experience DLT(s) at a dose, then 3 more patients are enrolled at the next lower dose unless 6 patients have already been treated at that dose.

Dose escalation will continue until the MTD is determined or until all dose levels have been completed. The MTD is defined as the dose at which ≤1 of 6 patients experience DLT(s), and above which ≥2 of 6 patients experience DLT(s). If the MTD is at Dose Level 2 (or lower), then the study will be terminated and no further patients will be enrolled.

Once the MTD for sorafenib combined with mFOLFOX6 and bevacizumab has been determined, an additional 15 patients with mCRC will be enrolled into an extension of the Phase 1 study. These patients will be treated at the MTD for sorafenib with the combination therapy to assess PFS and safety of the regimen as first-line therapy in mCRC. All patients will be eligible for indefinite treatment in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • No prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease.
  • Histologically proven colorectal carcinoma.
  • Measurable disease by RECIST criteria.
  • Age: at least 18 years.
  • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 at study entry.
  • Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function at study entry as assessed by the following:

    • Hemoglobin >9.0 g/dL.
    • ANC ≥1500/mm3.
    • Platelet count ≥100,000/mm3.
    • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 times x ULN.
    • ALT and AST ≤2.5 × ULN (≤5 × ULN for patients with liver involvement).
    • Creatinine ≤1.5 × ULN.
  • INR <1.5 or a PT/PTT within normal limits. Patients receiving anti-coagulation treatment with an agent such as warfarin or heparin may be allowed to participate after discussion with ACORN. For patients on warfarin, the INR should be measured prior to initiation of sorafenib and monitored at least weekly, or as defined by the local standard of care, until INR is stable.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test performed within 7 days prior to the start of treatment.
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Patients should use adequate birth control for at least 3 months after the last administration of sorafenib.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent. A signed informed consent must be obtained prior to any study specific procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior use of bevacizumab.
  • Neuropathy ≥ Grade 2 per CTCAE v3.0.
  • Diarrhea ≥ Grade 2 per CTCAE v3.0 within 4 weeks of study treatment start.
  • ECOG performance status ≥ 2.
  • Proteinuria at baseline: patients discovered to have > 2+ proteinuria at baseline should undergo a 24 hour urine collection and must demonstrate < 1 gram of protein in 24 hours to be eligible.
  • Active malignancy other than mCRC (except non-melanoma skin cancer; in situ carcinoma of the cervix; in situ carcinoma of the breast) within the last 5 years.
  • Treatment with radiotherapy within 2 weeks of enrollment.
  • Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure > Class II NYHA. Patients must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • Known brain metastasis. Patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a CT scan/ MRI of the brain to exclude brain metastasis.
  • Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mm Hg or diastolic pressure > 90 mm Hg, despite optimal medical management.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus infection or chronic Hepatitis B or C.
  • Active clinically serious infection > Grade 2 per CTCAE v3.0.
  • Thrombolic or embolic events such as a cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attacks within the past 6 months.
  • Pulmonary hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ Grade 2 per CTCAE v3.0 within 4 weeks of study treatment start.
  • Any other hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ Grade 3 per CTCAE v3.0 within 4 weeks of study treatment start.
  • Serious non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  • Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.
  • Major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 4 weeks of study treatment start; fine needle aspiration or central venous line placement for chemotherapy administration within 7 days of study treatment start.
  • Use of daily corticosteroids, St. John's Wort, rifampin (rifampicin), phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, ketoconazole. Dexamethasone may only be used as an antiemetic or as a premedication for a bevacizumab hypersensitivity reaction during participation in this study.
  • Known or suspected allergy to sorafenib or any other agent given in the course of this trial.
  • Any condition that impairs patient's ability to swallow whole pills.
  • Any malabsorption problem.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00779311

Locations
United States, Georgia
Central Georgia Cancer Care
Macon, Georgia, United States, 31201
United States, Montana
Hematology Oncology Centers of the Northern Rockies
Billings, Montana, United States, 59101
United States, Tennessee
The West Clinic
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Accelerated Community Oncology Research Network
Bayer
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Fred Schnell, MD Central Georgia Cancer Care
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Accelerated Community Oncology Research Network
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00779311     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AFMSMCRC0706
Study First Received: October 23, 2008
Results First Received: September 9, 2011
Last Updated: October 31, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Accelerated Community Oncology Research Network:
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Bevacizumab
Sorafenib
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014