Paliperidone Extended Release(ER) Effectiveness Study to Evaluate the Objective Symptom Change and Symptomatic Remission (PERFECT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Korea, Ltd., Korea
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00761579
First received: September 25, 2008
Last updated: May 1, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of flexibly dosed paliperidone extended-release (ER) in participants with schizophrenia (psychiatric disorder with symptoms of emotional instability, detachment from reality, often with delusions and hallucinations, and withdrawal into the self).


Condition Intervention Phase
Schizophrenia
Drug: Paliperidone
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Prospective, Non-Comparative Study To Explore The Tolerability, Safety and Effectiveness Upon Transition to Paliperidone Slow-Release Tablet in Schizophrenic Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Janssen Korea, Ltd., Korea:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Total Score at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PANSS is a 30-item scale designed to assess various symptoms of schizophrenia including delusions, grandiosity, blunted affect, poor attention, and poor impulse control. The 30 symptoms are rated on a 7-point scale that ranges from 1 (absent) to 7 (extreme psychopathology). The PANSS total score consists of the sum of all 30 PANSS items and ranges from 30 to 210. Higher scores indicate worsening. Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.

  • Change From Baseline in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) - Positive Subscale Score at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PANSS Positive Subscale assesses seven positive-symptoms of schizophrenia. Positive symptoms refer to an excess or distortion of normal functions. The symptoms are rated on a 7-point scale, with a range of 7 (absent) to 49 (extreme psychopathology). Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.

  • Change From Baseline in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) - Negative Subscale Score at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PANSS Negative Subscale assesses seven negative-symptoms of schizophrenia. Negative symptoms represent a diminution or loss of normal functions. The symptoms are rated on a 7-point scale, with a range of 7 (absent) to 49 (extreme psychopathology). Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.

  • Change From Baseline in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) - General Psychopathology Subscale Score at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PANSS General Psychopathology Subscale Score assesses 16 general psychopathology symptoms. The symptoms are rated on a 7-point scale, with a range of 16 (absent) to 112 (extreme psychopathology). Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP) Score at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PSP is 100-point validated clinician-rated scale that assesses degree of difficulty in 4 areas of functioning: socially useful activities, personal and social relationships, self-care, disturbing and aggressive behaviors rated on 6-point scale (1=absent to 6=very severe).Total transformed score from 1 to 100 is generated from raw score based on clinical interpretation of scores generated in 4 areas of functioning, with higher transformed score indicating better function. Total score is divided into 3 levels: 71-100 (mild difficulty); 31-70 (marked difficulty) and 1-30 (severe difficulty). Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.

  • Change From Baseline in Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI-10) at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAI-10 is a 10-item questionnaire to assess 1) subjective experience of drug and 2) attitudes and beliefs toward neuroleptics which may influence compliance in schizophrenia participants. It is the binary scale assessing the participant's subjective response. A 'compliant' response is scored as +1; a dysphoric response is scored as -1. A positive sum of items indicates a positive subjective response (SR); a negative sum of scores indicates a negative SR (non-compliant). The final score is the grand total of the positive and negative points. Total score ranges from (-) 10 to (+) 10, higher score indicates positive SR (compliant) and lower score indicates negative SR (non-compliant). Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.

  • Change From Baseline in Subjective Well-being Under Neuroleptic (SWN-20) Scale Score at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SWN-20 scale is a 20 item scale that was originally designed to explore the subjective experience of psychotic participants. The SWN scale contains five sub-scales consisting of four items each: mental functioning (MF), self-control (SC), emotional regulation (ER), and social integration (SI), physical functioning (PF). The total score ranges from a minimum of 20 (poor subjective experience) to a maximum of 120 (excellent subjective experience). SWN scores appear to correlate with measure of objective psychopathology, quality of life and other self-ratings of mood. Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.

  • Change From Baseline in Daytime Drowsiness at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Daytime Drowsiness was assessed by an 11-point visual analog scale. Participants indicated on the 11-point visual analog scale (score ranging from 0 to 100 millimeter) how well they have slept in the previous 7 days, from 0 (very badly) to 100 (very well); and how often they have felt drowsy within the previous 7 days, from 0 (not at all) to 100 (all the time). Scores were averaged for the previous 7 days. Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.

  • Change From Baseline in Sleep Quality at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Sleep quality was assessed by an 11-point visual analog scale. Participants indicated on the 11-point visual analog scale (score ranging from 0 to 100 millimeter) how well they have slept in the previous 7 days, from 0 (very badly) to 100 (very well); and how often they have felt drowsy within the previous 7 days, from 0 (not at all) to 100 (all the time). Scores were averaged for the previous 7 days. Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.

  • Change From Baseline in Symptom Checklist 90-R (SCL90-R) at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SCL90-R (Derogatis, 1992) measures 9 domains, including somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism, which provides a global index of distress, the Global Severity Index (GSI). SCL-90-R includes 90 items rated on 5-point scale, ranging from 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely). Total scale score range from 0 to 360. Higher scores indicate worsening of disease. Total scale score range from 0 to 360. Higher scores indicate worsening of disease. Change from Baseline is calculated as value at Baseline minus value at Week 48. Data for three groups is presented here, based on participants' transition to Paliperidone ER from other oral antipsychotics.


Enrollment: 190
Study Start Date: April 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Paliperidone
Paliperidone oral tablet was administered once daily at a starting dose of either 3 milligram (mg), 6 mg or 9 mg for 48 weeks, wherein recommended dose was 6 mg and dose range was 3 to 12 mg per day.
Drug: Paliperidone
Paliperidone oral tablet was administered once daily at a starting dose of either 3 milligram (mg), 6 mg or 9 mg for 48 weeks, wherein recommended dose was 6 mg and dose range was 3 to 12 mg per day.
Other Names:
  • R076477
  • Invega Slow-Release Tablet

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, prospective (study following participants forward in time), single arm, and non-comparative study of paliperidone Extended Release(ER) in participants with schizophrenia (after switching from the existing drug to paliperidone ER). The total study duration will be approximately of 48 weeks per participant. The study consists of 2 parts: Screening (that is, 14 days before study commences on Day 1); Treatment (single-oral dose of paliperidone for 48 weeks, dose ranging from 3 to 12 milligram). Efficacy of the participants will primarily be evaluated by Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Participants' safety will be monitored throughout the study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Childbearing potential women who consent to the use of the consistently permissible contraception (oral contraceptive, contraceptive injection, intrauterine device, double barrier method and contraceptive patch)
  • Participants who are compliant with self-medication or can receive consistent help or support
  • Participants who need to change the antipsychotic drug to another one for the following reasons among the participants treated with an antipsychotic drug for more than two weeks before the screening (1) Group of lack of efficacy: the antipsychotic drug is clinically required to be changed because there is no or little therapeutic response despite the appropriately dosed antipsychotic therapy (2) Group of lack of tolerance: the antipsychotic drug is required to be changed due to lack of tolerance to the existing antipsychotic drug or the safety issue (3) Group of lack of compliance: the antipsychotic drug is required to be changed due to lack of medication compliance or the participant wants to change the antipsychotic drug)
  • Have schizophrenia diagnosis by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with the past history of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS)
  • Participants who are suspicious of having clinically significant risk including suicide or aggressive behavior and are expected to unable to complete the study(based on the investigator's judgment)
  • Participants with severe preexisting gastrointestinal narrowing (pathologic or iatrogenic) or participants who cannot swallow the drug whole (the study drug must not be chewed, divided, melted or grinded because it can impact the study drug release profile)
  • Participants with significant abnormal findings in blood chemistry, hematological and urine analyses which are clinically significant at the investigator's discretion
  • Female Participants who are pregnant or are breast feeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00761579

Locations
Korea, Republic of
Busan, Korea, Republic of
Chunjoo, Korea, Republic of
Dae-Gu, Korea, Republic of
Goyang-Si, Korea, Republic of
Ilsan, Korea, Republic of
Kyounggi, Korea, Republic of
Kyunggi-Do, Korea, Republic of
Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Korea, Ltd., Korea
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen Korea, Ltd., Korea Clinical Trial Janssen Korea, Ltd., Korea
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Janssen Korea, Ltd., Korea
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00761579     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR015250, PAL-KOR-4002
Study First Received: September 25, 2008
Results First Received: January 16, 2014
Last Updated: May 1, 2014
Health Authority: Korea: Food and Drug Administration
Republic of Korea: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Janssen Korea, Ltd., Korea:
Schizophrenia
Paliperidone
Antipsychotics Agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Mental Disorders
Antipsychotic Agents
9-hydroxy-risperidone
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014