Pro-self Pain Management in Norway
The main aim of this study is to evaluate whether a patient education programme on cancer pain management compared to standard care decreases pain and increases patients quality of life. The investigators hypothesis is that patients and family caregivers who receive the intervention will have improved outcomes. Patients and family members are seen in their homes by the nurses doing the intervention over 6 weeks. Patients keep a diary of their pain and medication intake.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Pro-self - a Nursing Intervention to Support and Educate Cancer Patients and Their Caregivers so That the Patient Can Stay Home|
- Worst pain intensity [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Knowledge of cancer pain management [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients who received the Pro-Self psychoeducational intervention
Behavioral: Pro self pain control programme
A 6 week psychoeducational programme that included three home visits and three phone calls. Patients were taught about pain medication and side effects and about incorrect information regarding cancer pain management
No Intervention: 2
Patients who received standard care
The undertreatment of cancer pain remains a significant clinical problem. The PRO-SELF Pain Control Program is a 6 week psychoeducational intervention that was shown to improve pain management in oncology outpatients with pain from bone metastasis. However, this promising intervention requires replication in samples of oncology patients with cancer pain outside of the United States.
The purpose of the study was to test the effectiveness of The PRO-SELF Pain Control Program in Norwegian cancer patients and their family caregivers. Only data on patient outcomes will be presented.
The theoretical framework for this study incorporated elements of Orem's self-care theory, as well as the principles of academic detailing and nurse coaching to change patients' self-care behaviors regarding cancer pain management.
Two hundred adult cancer patients with pain from skeletal metastasis and their caregivers participated in this study. Patients were randomized to either the PRO-SELF program or standard care. Patients completed questionnaires about pain, physical functioning, quality of life, anxiety, and depression at the time of enrollment and after 6 weeks. Data on analgesics were collected through chart reviews and patient diaries. Both groups received home visits and telephone calls by an oncology nurse over a period of six weeks. Participants in the intervention group received education about pain management and were coached to improve their pain management behaviors. Two-way repeated measures analyses of variance will be done to determine differences in pain intensity scores and to evaluate the differences over time in the total amount of opioid analgesics taken by the patients.